Principles of Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis

ISBN-10: 0471472565

ISBN-13: 9780471472568

Edition: 3rd 2005 (Revised)

List price: $129.95
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Description:

With the ongoing development of new highway projects throughout the country, the demand for highway engineers is rapidly increasing. This transportation engineering text will help interested engineers solve the highway-related problems that are most likely to be encountered in the field. It not only covers the key principles but also prepares you for the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) and/or Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) exams in civil engineering. Topics include road vehicle performance, the geometric alignment of highways, pavement design, traffic analysis, queuing theory, signalized intersections, the assessment of level of service, and traffic forecasting. This text: Is a focused and concise text that is ideal for understanding transportation and highway engineering. Includes the latest specifications for highway design and traffic engineering released as of 2003. Presents design standards in both metric and U.S. customary units, preparing you for possible future unit changes. Offers insight into the performance aspect of vehicles, detailing the impact of changing vehicle technologies. Uses state-of-the-art methods when discussing travel demand and traffic forecasting. Integrates real-world examples throughout the chapters to show how the material is applied on the job.
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Book details

List price: $129.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/26/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 384
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

Introduction to Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis
Introduction
Technology
Infrastructure Technologies
Vehicle Technologies
Traffic Control Technologies
Human Behavior
Dominance of Single-Occupant Private Vehicles
Demographic Trends
Scope of Study
Road Vehicle Performance
Introduction
Tractive Effort and Resistance
Aerodynamic Resistance
Rolling Resistance
Grade Resistance
Available Tractive Effort
Maximum Tractive Effort
Engine-Generated Tractive Effort
Vehicle Acceleration
Fuel Efficiency
Principles of Braking
Braking Forces 26
Braking Force Ratio and Efficiency
Antilock Braking Systems
Theoretical Stopping Distance
Practical Stopping Distance
Distance Traveled during Driver Perception/Reaction
Geometric Design of Highways
Introduction
Principles of Highway Alignment
Vertical Alignment
Vertical Curve Fundamentals
Stopping Sight Distance
Stopping Sight Distance and Crest Vertical Curve Design
Stopping Sight Distance and Sag Vertical Curve Design
Passing Sight Distance and Crest Vertical Curve Design
Underpass Sight Distance and Sag Vertical Curve Design
Horizontal Alignment
Vehicle Cornering
Horizontal Curve Fundamentals
Stopping Sight Distance and Horizontal Curve Design
Pavement Design
Introduction
Pavement Types
Flexible Pavements
Rigid Pavements
Pavement System Design: Principles for Flexible Pavements
Calculation of Flexible Pavement Stresses and Deflections
The AASHTO Flexible-Pavement Design Procedure
Serviceability Concept
Flexible-Pavement Design Equation
Structural Number
Pavement System Design: Principles for Rigid Pavements.Z
Calculation of Rigid-Pavement Stresses and Deflections
The AASHTO Rigid-Pavement Design Procedure
Fundamentals of Traffic Flow and Queuing Theory
Introduction
Traffic Stream Parameters
Traffic Flow, Speed, and Density
Basic Traffic Stream Models
Speed-Density Model
Flow-Density Model
Speed-Flow Model
Models Of Traffic Flow
Poisson Model
Limitations of the Poisson Model
Queuing Theory and Traffic Flow Analysis
Dimensions of Queuing Models
D/D/1 Queuing
M/D/1 Queuing
M/M/1 Queuing
M/M/N Queuing
Traffic Analysis at Highway Bottlenecks
Highway Capacity and Level of Service Analysis
Introduction
Level-of-Service Concept
Level-of-Service Determination
Base Conditions and Capacity
Determine Free-Flow Speed
Determine Analysis Flow Rate
Calculate Service Measure(s) and Determine LOS
Basic Freeway Segments
Base Conditions and Capacity
Service Measure
Determining Free-Flow Speed
Determining Analysis Flow Rate
Calculating Density and Determining LOS
Multilane Highways
Base Conditions and Capacity
Service Measure
Determining Free-Flow Speed
Determining Analysis Flow Rate
Calculating Density and Determining LOS
Two-Lane Highways
Base Conditions and Capacity
Service Measures
Determining Free-Flow Speed
Determining Analysis Flow Rate
Calculate Service Measures
Determine LOS
Design Traffic Volumes
Traffic Control and Analysis at Signalized Intersections.
Introduction
Intersection and Signal Control Characteristics
Analysis of Traffic at Signalized Intersections
Concepts and Definitions
Signalized Intersection Analysis with D/D/1 Queuing
Signalized Intersection Analysis for Level of Service
Optimal Traffic Signal Timing
Development of a Traffic Signal Phasing and Timing Plan
Select Signal Phasing
Establish Analysis Lane Groups
Calculate Analysis Flow Rates and Adjusted Saturation Flow Rates
Determine Critical Lane Groups and Total Cycle Lost Time
Calculate Cycle Length
Allocate Green Time
Calculate Change and Clearance Intervals
Check Pedestrian Crossing Time
Level-of-Service Determination
Travel Demand and Traffic Forecasting
Introduction
Traveler Decisions
Scope of the Travel Demand and Traffic Forecasting Problem
Trip Generation
Typical Trip Generation Models
Trip Generation with Count Data Models
Mode and Destination Choice
Methodological Approach
Logit Model Applications
Highway Route Choice
Highway Performance Functions
User Equilibrium
Mathematical Programming Approach to User Equilibrium
System Optimization
The State of Travel Demand and to Traffic Forecasting in Practice
Least Squares Estimation
Maximum-Likelihood Estimation
Metric Example Problems
Metric End-of-Chapter Problems
Unit Conversions
Index
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