Understanding Electric Power Systems An Overview of the Technology and the Marketplace

ISBN-10: 0471446521

ISBN-13: 9780471446521

Edition: 2004

List price: $97.50
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Description:

The Enron scandal notwithstanding, it is important for professionals in the electric power industry and related positions gain a solid understanding of electric power systems and how they work. Written by two veteran power company managers and respected experts, this is a real-world view of electric power systems, how they operate, how the organizations are structured, and how electricity is regulated and priced. A comprehensive overview of the electric power industry from the inside Covers electric power system components, electricity consumption, generation, transmission, distribution, electric utility operation, electric system control, power system reliability, government regulation, utility rate making, and financial considerations. Includes an extensive glossary of key terms used in the U.S. and also definitions for terms used worldwide
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Book details

List price: $97.50
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/28/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 232
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.792
Language: English

JACK CASAZZA is currently President of the American Education Institute and an Outside Director of the Georgia Systems Operation Corporation. He is an IEEE Life Fellow, a former utility executive and consultant, and has won many awards for his contribution to the development of electric power systems.FRANK DELEA retired in 1997 from Consolidated Edison, Inc. where he had assignments giving him broad insight into planning, operational, financial, rate, organizational, and legal issues. He was involved in many issues including mergers and acquisitions, investments in nonregulated subsidiaries, and corporate restructuring. He was leader of the team charged with the formation of a holding company.

List of Figures
Preface
History of Electric Power Industry
Origin of the Industry
Development of the National Electric Power Grid
Industry Ownership Structure
Legislation and Regulation
Blackouts and the Reliability Crisis
Environmental Crisis--The Shift to Low-Sulfur Oil
Fuel Crisis--The Shift from Oil
Financial Crisis
Legislative and Regulatory Crisis
Electric Power System
Customers
Sources of the Electric Energy--Generation
Delivery System
Interconnections
Grid
Basic Electric Power Concepts
Electric Energy
Concepts Relating to the Flow of Electricity
Direct Current
Alternating Current
Three Phases
Synchronism
Characteristics of AC Systems
Resistance
Induction and Inductive Reactance
Inductive Reactance
Capacitance and Capacitive Reactance
Capacitive Reactance
Reactance
Impedance
Ohm's Law for Alternating Current
Power in Alternating Current Circuits
Real Power
Reactive Power
Advantages of AC over DC Operation
Transformers
Power Flow
Division of Power Flow Among Transmission Lines
Voltage Drop and Reactive Power Flow
Power Flow and Phase Angle Differences
Stability
Results of Instability
Electric Energy Consumption
End-Uses for Electricity
Customer Classes
Rate Classes
Demand and Energy
Energy
Effects of Load Diversity
System Load
Load Management
Reactive Power
Forecasts
Losses and Unaccounted-for Energy in the Delivery System
Electric Power--Generation
Types of Generation
Steam Turbines
Combustion (Gas) Turbines
Hydro Turbines
Pumped Storage
Nuclear Units
Reciprocating Engines
Micro Turbines
Other Forms of Generation
Characteristics of Generating Plants
Size
Efficiency
Availability
Capital Cost of Generation
Type of Use
Life Extension
Synchronous Generators
Resource Procurement
Fuel Measurements
Fuel Transportation
Fuel Used
Fuel Purchasing
Emission Rights
Technology of the Electric Transmission System
Components
HVAC
Overhead
Ratings
Cable
Submarine Cables
Substations
Substation Equipment
Substation Breaker Arrangements
Transmission System Aging
HVDC
Advantages of HVDC
Disadvantages of HVDC
Knowledge Required of Transmission System
Distribution
Primary Feeders
Radial Systems
Loop Systems
Primary Network Systems
Distribution Transformers
Secondary Systems
Distribution Capacity
Losses
Ratings
Metering
Control of Voltage
Capacitors
Voltage Regulators
Reliability
Quality of Service
Design of Distribution Systems
Distributed Generation
Operation of Distribution Systems
Functioning of the Electric Bulk Power System
Coordination
Operation
Control Areas
Operating Reserves
Ancillary Services
Emergencies
Operating Emergencies
Parallel Path Flow and Loop Flow
Power Transfer Limits
Determination of Total Transfer Capability
Reduction of Power Transfers--Congestion Management
Planning
Planning Standards
Generation Planning
Least Cost Planning
Transmission Planning
Load-Flow Studies
Stability Studies
Short-Circuit Duty Studies
New Planning Environment
Reliability
Costs of Power Outages
Ways to Measure Reliability
Planning and Operating a Reliable and Adequate Power System
Transmission Security and Security Coordinators
Paying for Extra Reliability
Compliance
Generation
Transmission
Transmission System Problems
Planning and Operating Standards
Voltage and Reactive Control
Distribution
Summary
Restructuring, Competition and Deregulation
Causes of Restructuring
Types of Restructuring
Effects of Restructuring
Six Networks
Changing Customer Requirements
Legislation and Regulation--The Regulatory Network
Pricing and Regulation
Federal Legislation
Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935
Federal Power Act
Other Federal Laws
Environmental Laws
Department of Energy Organization Act
PURPA
Energy Policy Act ("EPACT") of 1992
PUHCA Modifications
FPA Modifications
Federal Regulatory Agencies
FERC
SEC
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Department of Energy (DOE)
Federal Legislation Under Consideration
State Regulatory Authority
Recent Federal Regulation Impacting the Electric Industry
Orders 888 and 889
Order 2000
Tariff Basis
Transmission Rights
Physical Transmission Rights
Financial Transmission Rights
Average System versus Incremental Costs
State Regulation
Customer Choice
Metering
Distribution Rates
State and Local Environmental Requirements
Overall Regulatory Problems
The Business Network
Investment and Cost Recovery
Changing Industry Structure
Utility Responses
Holding Company Formation
Unbundling
New Structure
Power Producers
Power Plant Divestitures
Transmitters
Development of Non-Regulated Power Market
Distributors
Marketers
Wheeling and Customer Choice
Contracts and Agreements
ISOs, RTOs and ITPs
ISO Formation
Functions of ISOs
Regional Operating Functions
Regional Planning Functions
RTOs
The Money Network
Allocation of Costs and Economic Benefits
Average Costs Versus Incremental Costs
Market Versus Operational Control
Market Power Issues
Price Caps
Standard Market Design (SMD)
Objectives and Goals
Proposals
Transmission Owner's Options
Independent Transmission Providers (ITPs)
Transmission Charges
Wholesale Electric Market Design
Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP)
Resource Adequacy
Transmission Tariffs
Merchant Transmission
Markets for Buying and Selling Rights
Information, Communications and Control Network
Financial and Business Operations
System Operations
Distribution Operations
Physical Security
Commercial Security
Role of NERC, NAESB and Other Organizations
NERC, Reliability Councils, and RTOs
NAESB
Enforcement and Dispute Resolution
Professional Organizations
IEEE
CIGRE
Industry Associations
NARUC
AEIC
APPA
EEI
ELCON
NRECA
Electric Power Supply Association
Research Organizations
EPRI
Other Research
NRRI
Where Restructuring Stands
Required Additional Analyses
Abandonment of Deregulation
Power Supply
2002
The Future
Energy Trading
Reliability Concerns
Transmission Problems
National Power Survey
Conclusions
Index
About the Authors
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