Analysis and Design of Shallow and Deep Foundations

ISBN-10: 0471431591
ISBN-13: 9780471431596
Edition: 2006
List price: $170.00 Buy it from $104.63
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Description: Provides a significant new text/reference on the engineering principles of analyzing and designing both shallow and deep, load-bearing foundations for a variety of building and structural types. Covers everything from soil investigations to loading  More...

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Book details

List price: $170.00
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/25/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 608
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.134
Language: English

Provides a significant new text/reference on the engineering principles of analyzing and designing both shallow and deep, load-bearing foundations for a variety of building and structural types. Covers everything from soil investigations to loading analysis, major types of foundations to construction methods.

Lymon C. Reese is Nasser I. Al Rashid Chair Emeritus and Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Texas, Austin. He's also a partner in the firm of Lymon C. Reese & Associates. He's the author of more than 150 technical papers and coauthor of several books, including Dynamics of Offshore Structures, Second Edition (published by Wiley).William M. Isenhower is a project manager for Lymon C. Reese & Associates. He is a codeveloper of the LPILE plus computer program and is a registered professional engineer in Texas.Shin-Tower Wang is President of Lymon C. Reese & Associates. He is the author or coauthor of more than thirty papers and publications on foundation engineering. He is a registered professional engineer in Texas.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Symbols and Notations
Introduction
Historical Use of Foundations
Kinds of Foundations and their Uses
Spread Footings and Mats
Deep Foundations
Hybrid Foundations
Concepts in Design
Visit the Site
Obtain Information on Geology at Site
Obtain Information on Magnitude and Nature of Loads on Foundation
Obtain Information on Properties of Soil at Site
Consider Long-Term Effects
Pay Attention to Analysis
Provide Recommendations for Tests of Deep Foundations
Observe the Behavior of the Foundation of a Completed Structure
Problems
Engineering Geology
Introduction
Nature of Soil Affected by Geologic Processes
Nature of Transported Soil
Weathering and Residual Soil
Nature of Soil Affected by Volcanic Processes
Nature of Glaciated Soil
Karst Geology
Available Data on Regions in the United States
U.S. Geological Survey and State Agencies
Examples of the Application of Engineering Geology
Site Visit
Problems
Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics
Introduction
Data Needed for the Design of Foundations
Soil and Rock Classification
Position of the Water Table
Shear Strength and Density
Deformability Characteristics
Prediction of Changes in Conditions and the Environment
Nature of Soil
Grain-Size Distribution
Types of Soil and Rock
Mineralogy of Common Geologic Materials
Water Content and Void Ratio
Saturation of Soil
Weight-Volume Relationships
Atterberg Limits and the Unified Soils Classification System
Concept of Effective Stress
Laboratory Tests for Consolidation of Soils
Spring and Piston Model of Consolidation
Determination of Initial Total Stresses
Calculation of Total and Effective Stresses
The Role of Effective Stress in Soil Mechanics
Analysis of Consolidation and Settlement
Time Rates of Settlement
One-Dimensional Consolidation Testing
The Consolidation Curve
Calculation of Total Settlement
Calculation of Settlement Due to Consolidation
Reconstruction of the Field Consolidation Curve
Effects of Sample Disturbance on Consolidation Properties
Correlation of Consolidation Indices with Index Tests
Comments on Accuracy of Settlement Computations
Shear Strength of Soils
Introduction
Friction Between Two Surfaces in Contact
Direct Shear Testing
Triaxial Shear Testing
Drained Triaxial Tests on Sand
Triaxial Shear Testing of Saturated Clays
The SHANSEP Method
Other Types of Shear Testing for Soils
Selection of the Appropriate Testing Method
Problems
Investigation of Subsurface Conditions
Introduction
Methods of Advancing Borings
Wash-Boring Technique
Continuous-Flight Auger with Hollow Core
Methods of Sampling
Introduction
Sampling with Thin-Walled Tubes
Sampling with Thick-Walled Tubes
Sampling Rock
In Situ Testing of Soil
Cone Penetrometer and Piezometer-Cone Penetrometer
Vane Shear Device
Pressuremeter
Boring Report
Subsurface Investigations for Offshore Structures
Problems
Principal Types of Foundations
Shallow Foundations
Deep Foundations
Introduction
Driven Piles with Impact Hammer
Drilled Shafts
Augercast Piles
GeoJet Piles
Micropiles
Caissons
Hybrid Foundation
Problems
Designing Stable Foundations
Introduction
Total and Differential Settlement
Allowable Settlement of Structures
Tolerance of Buildings to Settlement
Exceptional Case of Settlement
Problems in Proving Settlement
Soil Investigations Appropriate to Design
Planning
Favorable Profiles
Soils with Special Characteristics
Calcareous Soil
Use of Valid Analytical Methods
Oil Tank in Norway
Transcona Elevator in Canada
Bearing Piles in China
Foundations at Unstable Slopes
Pendleton Levee
Fort Peck Dam
Effects of Installation on the Quality of Deep Foundations
Introduction
Effects of Installation of Deep Foundations on Nearby Structures
Driving Piles
Effects of Excavations on Nearby Structures
Deleterious Effects of the Environment on Foundations
Scour of Soil at Foundations
Problems
Theories of Bearing Capacity and Settlement
Introduction
Terzaghi's Equations for Bearing Capacity
Revised Equations for Bearing Capacity
Extended Formulas for Bearing Capacity by J. Brinch Hansen
Eccentricity
Load Inclination Factors
Base and Ground Inclination
Shape Factors
Depth Effect
Depth Factors
General Formulas
Passive Earth Pressure
Soil Parameters
Example Computations
Equations for Computing Consolidation Settlement of Shallow Foundations on Saturated Clays
Introduction
Prediction of Total Settlement Due to Loading of Clay Below the Water Table
Prediction of Time Rate of Settlement Due to Loading of Clay Below the Water Table
Problems
Principles for the Design of Foundations
Introduction
Standards of Professional Conduct
Fundamental Principles
Fundamental Canons
Design Team
Codes and Standards
Details of the Project
Factor of Safety
Selection of a Global Factor of Safety
Selection of Partial Factors of Safety
Design Process
Specifications and Inspection of the Project
Observation of the Completed Structure
Problems
Appendix 8.1
Geotechnical Design of Shallow Foundations
Introduction
Problems with Subsidence
Designs to Accommodate Construction
Dewatering During Construction
Dealing with Nearby Structures
Shallow Foundations on Sand
Introduction
Immediate Settlement of Shallow Foundations on Sand
Bearing Capacity of Footings on Sand
Design of Rafts on Sand
Shallow Foundations on Clay
Settlement from Consolidation
Immediate Settlement of Shallow Foundations on Clay
Design of Shallow Foundations on Clay
Design of Rafts
Shallow Foundations Subjected to Vibratory Loading
Designs in Special Circumstances
Freezing Weather
Design of Shallow Foundations on Collapsible Soil
Design of Shallow Foundations on Expansive Clay
Design of Shallow Foundations on Layered Soil
Analysis of a Response of a Strip Footing by Finite Element Method
Problems
Geotechnical Design of Driven Piles Under Axial Loads
Comment on the Nature of the Problem
Methods of Computation
Behavior of Axially Loaded Piles
Geotechnical Capacity of Axially Loaded Piles
Basic Equation for Computing the Ultimate Geotechnical Capacity of a Single Pile
API Methods
Revised Lambda Method
U.S. Army Corps Method
FHWA Method
Analyzing the Load-Settlement Relationship of an Axially Loaded Pile
Methods of Analysis
Interpretation of Load-Settlement Curves
Investigation of Results Based on the Proposed Computation Method
Example Problems
Skin Friction
Analysis of Pile Driving
Introduction
Dynamic Formulas
Reasons for the Problems with Dynamic Formulas
Dynamic Analysis by the Wave Equation
Effects of Pile Driving
Effects of Time After Pile Driving with No Load
Problems
Geotechnical Design of Drilled Shafts Under Axial Loading
Introduction
Presentation of the FHWA Design Procedure
Introduction
Strength and Serviceability Requirements
General Requirements
Stability Analysis
Strength Requirements
Design Criteria
Applicability and Deviations
Loading Conditions
Allowable Stresses
General Computations for Axial Capacity of Individual Drilled Shafts
Design Equations for Axial Capacity in Compression and in Uplift
Description of Soil and Rock for Axial Capacity Computations
Design for Axial Capacity in Cohesive Soils
Design for Axial Capacity in Cohesionless Soils
Design for Axial Capacity in Cohesive Intermediate Geomaterials and Jointed Rock
Design for Axial Capacity in Cohesionless Intermediate Geomaterials
Design for Axial Capacity in Massive Rock
Addition of Side Resistance and End Bearing in Rock
Commentary on Design for Axial Capacity in Karst
Comparison of Results from Theory and Experiment
Problems
Fundamental Concepts Regarding Deep Foundations Under Lateral Loading
Introduction
Description of the Problem
Occurrence of Piles Under Lateral Loading
Historical Comment
Derivation of the Differential Equation
Solution of the Reduced Form of the Differential Equation
Respone of Soil to Lateral Loading
Effect of the Nature of Loading on the Response of Soil
Method of Analysis for Introductory Solutions for a Single Pile
Example Solution Using Nondimensional Charts for Analysis of a Single Pile
Problems
Analysis of Individual Deep Foundations Under Axial Loading Using t-z Model
Short-Term Settlement and Uplift
Settlement and Uplift Movements
Basic Equations
Finite Difference Equations
Load-Transfer Curves
Load-Transfer Curves for Side Resistance in Cohesive Soil
Load-Transfer Curves for End Bearing in Cohesive Soil
Load-Transfer Curves for Side Resistance in Cohesionless Soil
Load-Transfer Curves for End Bearing in Cohesionless Soil
Load-Transfer Curves for Cohesionless Intermediated Geomaterials
Example Problem
Experimental Techniques for Obtaining Load-Transfer Versus Movement Curves
Design for Vertical Ground Movements Due to Downdrag or Expansive Uplift
Downward Movement Due to Downdrag
Upward Movement Due to Expansive Uplift
Problems
Analysis and Design by Computer or Piles Subjected to Lateral Loading
Nature of the Comprehensive Problem
Differential Equation for a Comprehensive Solution
Recommendations for p-y Curves for Soil and Rock
Introduction
Recommendations for p-y Curves for Clays
Recommendations for p-y Curves for Sands
Modifications to p-y Curves for Sloping Ground
Modifications for Raked (Battered Piles)
Recommendations for p-y Curves for Rock
Solution of the Differential Equation by Computer
Introduction
Formulation of the Equation by Finite Differences
Equations for Boundary Conditions for Useful Solutions
Implementation of Computer Code
Selection of the Length of the Increment
Safe Penetration of Pile with No Axial Load
Buckling of a Pipe Extending Above the Groundline
Steel Pile Supporting a Retaining Wall
Drilled Shaft Supporting an Overhead Structure
Problems
Analysis of Pile Groups
Introduction
Distribution of Load to Piles in a Group: The Two-Dimensional Problem
Model of the Problem
Detailed Step-by-Step Solution Procedure
Modification of p-y Curves for Battered Piles
Example Solution Showing Distribution of a Load to Piles in a Two-Dimensional Group
Solution by Hand Computations
Efficiency of Piles in Groups Under Lateral Loading
Modifying Lateral Resistance of Closely Spaced Piles
Customary Methods of Adjusting Lateral Resistance for Close Spacing
Adjusting for Close Spacing under Lateral Loading by Modified p-y Curves
Efficiency of Piles in Groups Under Axial Loading
Introduction
Efficiency of Piles in a Group in Cohesionless Soils
Efficiency of Piles in a Group in Cohesive Soils
Concluding Comments
Problems
Appendix
References
Index

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