Ventilation for Control of the Work Environment

ISBN-10: 047109532X
ISBN-13: 9780471095323
Edition: 2nd 2004 (Revised)
List price: $193.00 Buy it from $114.98
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Description: The second edition of Ventilation Control of the Work Environment incorporates changes in the field of industrial hygiene since the first edition was published in 1982. Integrating feedback from students and professionals, the new edition includes  More...

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Book details

List price: $193.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/11/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 440
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

The second edition of Ventilation Control of the Work Environment incorporates changes in the field of industrial hygiene since the first edition was published in 1982. Integrating feedback from students and professionals, the new edition includes problems sets for each chapter and updated information on the modeling of exhaust ventilation systems, and thus assures the continuation of the book's role as the primary industry textbook. This revised text includes a large amount of material on HVAC systems, and has been updated to reflect the changes in the Ventilation Manual published by ACGIH. It uses both English and metric units, and each chapter concludes with a problem set.

List of Units
Preface
Ventilation for Control
Control Options
Ventilation for Control of Air Contaminants
Ventilation Applications
Case Studies
Summary
References
Principles of Airflow
Airflow
Density
Continuity Relation
Pressure
Pressure Units
Types of Pressure
Head
Elevation
Pressure Relationships
Reynolds Number
Losses
Frictional Losses
Shock Losses
Losses in Fittings
Expansions
Contractions
Elbows
Branch Entries (Junctions)
Summary
List of Symbols
Problems
Airflow Measurement Techniques
Measurement of Velocity by Pitot-Static Tube
Pressure Measurements
Velocity Profile in a Duct
Pitot-Static Traverse
Application of the Pitot-Static Tube and Potential Errors
Mechanical Devices
Rotating Vane Anemometers
Deflecting Vane Anemometers (Velometer)
Bridled Vane Anemometers
Heated-Element Anemometers
Other Devices
Vortex Shedding Anemometers
Orifice Meters
Venturi Meters
Hood Static Pressure Method
Calibration of Instruments
Observation of Airflow Patterns with Visible Tracers
Tracer Design
Application of Visible Tracers
List of Symbols
References
Manufacturers of Airflow Measuring Instruments
Manufacturers of Smoke Tubes
Problems
General Exhaust Ventilation
Limitations of Application
Equations for General Exhaust Ventilation
Variations in Generation Rate
Mixing
Inlet/Outlet Locations
Other Factors
Comparison of General and Local Exhaust
List of Symbols
References
Problems
Hood Design
Classification of Hood Types
Enclosures
Exterior Hoods
Receiving Hoods
Summary
Design of Enclosing Hoods
Design of Exterior Hoods
Determination of Capture Velocity
Determination of Hood Airflow
Exterior Hood Shape and Location
Design of Receiving Hoods
Canopy Hoods for Heated Processes
Hoods for Grinding Operations
Evaluation of Hood Performance
List of Symbols
References
Exterior Hood Centerline Velocity Models
Problems
Hood Designs for Specific Applications
Electroplating
Hood Design
Airflow
Spray Painting
Hood Design
Airflow
Processing and Transfer of Granular Material
Welding, Soldering, and Brazing
Chemical Processing
Chemical Processing Operations
Semiconductor Gas Cabinets
Entry Loss
Optimum Exhaust Rate
Low-Volume/High-Velocity Systems for Portable Tools
Calculation of Exhaust Rate for Open-Surface Tanks
Design of a Low-Volume/High-Velocity Exhaust System
List of Symbols
References
Chemical Laboratory Ventilation
Design of Chemical Laboratory Hoods
Vertical Sliding Sash Hoods
Horizontal Sliding Sash Hoods
Auxiliary Air Supply Hoods
Face Velocity for Laboratory Hoods
Special Laboratory Hoods
Laboratory Exhaust System Features
System Configuration
Construction
Factors Influencing Hood Performance
Layout of Laboratory
Work Practices
Energy Conservation
Reduce Operating Time
Limit Airflow
Design for Diversity
Heat Recovery
Ductless Laboratory Hoods
Performance of Laboratory Hoods
General Laboratory Ventilation
References
Problems
Design of Single-Hood Systems
Design Approach
Design of a Simple One-Hood System (Banbury Mixer Hood)
Design of a Slot Hood System for a Degreasing Tank
Loss Elements in a Complex Hood
Degreaser Hood Design Using Velocity Pressure Calculation Sheet (Example 8.2)
Pressure Plot for Single-Hood System
List of Symbols
Banbury Mixer System Designed by the Velocity Pressure Method
Degreaser System Designed by the Velocity Pressure Method
References
Metric Version of Example 8.1
Problems
Design of Multiple-Hood Systems
Applications of Multiple-Hood Systems
Balanced Design Approach
Static Pressure Balance Method
Foundry Cleaning Room System (Example 9.1)
Electroplating Shop (Example 9.2)
Blast Gate Balance Method
Other Computational Methods
List of Symbols
Foundry Cleaning Room Designed by Static Pressure Balance Method
Electroplating Shop System Designed by Static Pressure Balance Method
References
Additional Reading
Metric Version of Example 9.1
Fans and Blowers
Types of Air Movers
Axial Flow Fans
Centrifugal Fans
Air Ejectors
Fan Curves
Static Pressure Curve
Power Curve
Mechanical Efficiency Curve
Fan Laws
Relationship between Fan Curves and Fan Tables
Using Fans in Ventilation Systems
General Exhaust Ventilation Systems
Local Exhaust Ventilation Systems
Fan Selection Procedure
List of Symbols
References
Problems
Air-Cleaning Devices
Categories of Air-Cleaning Devices
Particle Removers
Gas and Vapor Removers
Matching the Air-Cleaning Device to the Contaminant
Introduction
Device Selection
Integrating the Air Cleaner and the Ventilation System
Gravity Settling Devices
Centrifugal Collectors
Filters
Electrostatic Precipitators
Scrubbers
Gas and Vapor Removers
List of Symbols
References
Problems
Replacement-Air Systems
Types of Replacement-Air Units
Need for Replacement Air
Quantity of Replacement Air
Delivery of Replacement Air
Replacement-Air System 1 (RAS-1), Melting Furnaces
Replacement-Air System 2 (RAS-2), Floor Casting
Replacement-Air System 3 (RAS-3), Sand Handling
Replacement-Air System 4 (RAS-4), Shakeout
Replacement Air for Heating
Energy Conservation and Replacement Air
Summary
References
Quantification of Hood Performance
Hood Airflow Measurements
Hood Capture Efficiency
Influence of Cross-Drafts on Hood Performance
Relationship between Airflow Patterns and Capture Efficiency
Shortcomings of the Centerline Velocity Approach
Use of Capture Efficiency in Hood Design
List of Symbols
References
Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics to Ventilation System Design
Introduction
Methods
Grid-Based Methods
Grid-Free Methods
Applications
Historical Perspectives
Current Progress
Issues on the Use of Computational Fluid Dynamics
Commercial Codes: Public-Domain Information
References
Appendix
Reentry
Airflow around Buildings
Measurement of Reentry
Calculation of Exhaust Dilution
Scale Model Measurement
Design to Prevent Reentry
Stack Height Determination
Good Engineering Practices for Stack Design
List of Symbols
References
Problems
Index

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