Biology of Sensory Systems

ISBN-10: 0470518634
ISBN-13: 9780470518632
Edition: 2nd 2008
List price: $126.95 Buy it from $49.96 Rent it from $21.32
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Description: Biology of Sensory Systems, Second Edition is a comprehensive and highly illustrated advanced text providing a broad and invaluable overview of sensory systems in vertebrates, invertebrates and prokaryotes. The book addresses the structure and  More...

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Book details

List price: $126.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/9/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 534
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

Biology of Sensory Systems, Second Edition is a comprehensive and highly illustrated advanced text providing a broad and invaluable overview of sensory systems in vertebrates, invertebrates and prokaryotes. The book addresses the structure and function of these systems at the molecular, cellular and neurophysiological level. Completely revised, the second edition retains a strong focus on human systems, and takes an evolutionary and comparative approach to review the mechanosenses (touch, equilibrium and hearing), chemosenses (taste and smell), photosenses (vision and photoreceptors), and other sensory systems including those for detecting pain, temperature electric and magnetic fields. Since the publication of the first edition in 2000, exciting advances have been made in all areas of research on sensory systems. This second edition of Biology of Sensory Systems has been expanded to include all these advances and more. The book contains: New section(s) on genomics and sensory systems New section(s) on the comparative anatomy of nerve and sensory systems New section(s) on the role of synapses, neurotransmitters, reflex arcs etc. New section on mirror neurons More emphasis on molecular biology throughout, including an account of the TRP channels which lie at the root of many senses. Many medical conditions can be traced to pathology at the molecular level. Expanded section(s) on the chemosenses including updated passages on human gustation, in particular the location of tongue gustatory receptors Expanded section(s) on the human and animal auditory system and its diseases Expanded section(s) on 'minority senses' including recent work on the magnetic sense in migratory birds Biology of Sensory Systems, Second Edition is written by a renowned author, with extensive teaching experience in the biology of sensory systems. Each section of the book is followed by a set of self-assessment questions, by notes on the literature and a bibliography. It is an invaluable text for undergraduate students of biology, zoology, animal physiology, neuroscience, anatomy and physiological psychology. It is also of interest to postgraduates in more specialised courses, medical students, optometrists, audiologists, neuropharmacologists and biochemists.Praise from the reviews of the first edition: "An excellent advanced undergraduate/postgraduate textbook." ASLIB BOOK GUIDE "The emphasis on comparative biology and evolution is one of the distinguishing features of this self-contained book. .... this is an informative and thought-provoking text..." TIMES HIGHER EDUCATIONAL SUPPLEMENT

Chris Smith is Lecturer in Support for Learning and Inclusive Education at the University of Glasgow. She is a Project Leader with the Scottish Network for Able Pupils.

Preface to Second Edition
Preface to First Edition
Preliminaries
Elements
Allosteric Effectors
Membranes
Membrane Signalling Systems
Channels and Gates
Concluding Remarks
Membranes, Action Potentials, Synapses
The Measurement of Resting Potentials
The Ionic Bases of Resting Potentials
Electrotonic Potentials and Cable Conduction
Receptor and Generator Potentials
Sensory Adaptation
Action Potentials
Synapses and Synaptic Transmission
Concluding Remarks
General Features of Sensory Systems
Classification of the Senses
Modality
Intensity
Adaptation
Receptive Fields
Maps of Sensory Surfaces
Hierarchical and Parallel Design
Feature Extraction and Trigger Stimuli
Concluding Remarks
Classification and Phylogeny
Systematics
Classification into Six Kingdoms
Unicellularity
Multicellularity
Protostomes and Deuterostomes
Classification of the Metazoa
Evolution of Nervous Systems
Concluding Remarks
Genes, Genomics and Neurosensory Systems
Introduction
Comparative Genomics
Genomes and Neurosensory Systems
Concluding Remarks
Self Assessment
Notes, References and Bibliography
Mechanosensitivity
Mechanosensitive Channels in E. coli
Detection of Osmotic Swelling by Hypothalamic Cells in Mammals
Concluding Remarks
Kinaesthesia
Kinaesthetic Mechanisms in Arthropods
Stretch Receptors in Crustacean Muscle
Kinaesthetic Mechanisms in Mammals
Concluding Remarks
Touch
Mechanoreception in Caenorhabditis Elegans
Spiders
Insects
Tactile Receptors in Mammalian Skin
Cerebral Analysis of Touch
Plasticity of the Somaesthetic Cortex
Concluding Remarks
Equilibrium and Hearing: The Uses of Hair Cells
Anatomy and Physiology of Hair Cells
Lateral Line Canals
Evolution of the Vertebrate Ear
Concluding Remarks
Biophysics of Outer Hair Cells
Genetics and Deafness
Cerebral Analysis
The Mammalian Vestibular Pathway and Reflexes
The Mammalian Auditory Pathway
The Avian Auditory Pathway and the Mapping of Auditory Space by the Barn Owl
The Mammalian Auditory Cortex
The Bat Auditory System and Echolocation
The Human Auditory Cortex and Language
Lateralization and the Neuroanatomy of Language
Language and the FOXP2 Gene
Callosectomy and After
Concluding Remarks
Broca and Wernicke
Self Assessment
Notes, References and Bibliography
Chemosensitivity
Chemosensitivity in Prokaryocytes
Chemosentivity in E. coli
Concluding Remarks
Mammalian Chemo- Enteroreceptors
Location of Mammalian Chemoreceptors for PaO<sub>2</sub> and PaCO<sub>2</sub>
Structure
Physiology
Biochemistry
Concluding Remarks
Gustation
Gustation in Insects
Gustation inMammals
Concluding Remarks
Olfaction
Insect Olfactory Systems
Mammalian Olfactory Systems
The Vertebrate Vomeronasal Organ (VNO) and Pheromones
Concluding Remarks
Self Assessment
Notes, References and Bibliography
Photosensitivity
Box I4.1 Bacteriorhodopsin
Invertebrate Vision
Designs of Invertebrate Eyes
Examples of Invertebrate Eyes
Concluding Remarks
The Evolution of Opsins
Early Genetics of Eyes
The Human Eye
Anatomy
Embryology
Detailed Anatomy and Physiology
Movements of the Eyeball
Concluding Remarks
Genetics of Cataract
The Retina
Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE)
Retina
Concluding Remarks
Visual Pathways and Cortices
Visual Pathways into the Brain
Primary Visual Cortex
Extrastriate Cortices
Face Recognition
Prosopagnosia
Concluding Remarks
The Reality of Cortical Columns
Blindsight
Other Vertebrate Visual Systems
Visual Pigments
Photoreceptors
Tapeta
Retinae
Dioptric Apparatus
Median Eyes
Visual Pathways
Visual Centres in the Brain
Concluding Remarks
Self Assessment
Notes, References and Bibliography
Other Senses
Thermosensitivity
Molecular Biology
Poikilotherms
Homeotherms
Concluding Remarks
Minority Senses
Infrared Radiation
Polarized Light
Electric Fields
Magnetic Fields
Concluding Remarks
Pain
The Biological Significance of Pain
Neurophysiology of Pain
Neuropharmacology of Pain Pathways
Referred Pain
Gate Theory
Concluding Remarks
Self Assessment
Notes, References and Bibliography
CODA
Summing Up
Molecular Themes
Cellular Themes
Sense Organs
Central Analysers
Homeostasis
Different Sensory Worlds
From Abiotic to Biotic: Communication
From Biotic to Social Communication: Mirror Neurons
Concluding Remarks
Philosophical Postscript
Descartes
Qualia
Tabula Rasa?
Epigenetic Epistemology
Evolutionary Epistemology
Beyond Descartes
Concluding Remarks
Self Assessment
Notes, References and Bibliography
Appendix: Some Techniques
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Glossary
Index

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