Transport Modeling for Environmental Engineers and Scientists

ISBN-10: 0470260726
ISBN-13: 9780470260722
Edition: 2nd 2009
Authors: Mark M. Clark, Clark
List price: $160.00 Buy it from $96.00
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Description: Extensively updated to include advances in the field, this classic guide unites principles of transport phenomena with environmental processes. It covers the fundamentals of mass and momentum transport processes, emphasizing aerosol and colloidal  More...

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Book details

List price: $160.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/15/2009
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 664
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Extensively updated to include advances in the field, this classic guide unites principles of transport phenomena with environmental processes. It covers the fundamentals of mass and momentum transport processes, emphasizing aerosol and colloidal systems. New developments in biotechnology, nanotechnology, indoor air quality, micropollutants, and membranes are also discussed. It has an environmental focus on sedimentation, coagulation, adsorption, filtration, dispersion, chromatography, and porous media transport. With numerous problems and examples, this is the premier reference for environmental engineers, civil engineers, chemical engineers, and professors and students in these fields.

Preface
Acknowledgments
List of Symbols
Conservation Laws and Continua
Introduction
Conservation Laws: Systems Approach
Conservation Laws: Control Volume Approach
Conservation Laws: Differential Element Approach
Continua
Sources, Sinks, Reactions, and Box Models
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
Low-Concentration Particle Suspensions and Flows
Introduction
Drag on a Sphere
Drag Force on Nonspherical Particles
Low Reynolds Number Particle Dynamics and Stokes' Law
Particle Motions in Electric Fields
Quiescent and Perfect-Mix Batch Sedimentation
Continuous Sedimentation Processes
Inertial Forces on Particles and Stopping Distance
Inertial Forces in Particle Flows
Rotating Flows
Centrifugation
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
Interactions of Small Charged Particles
Introduction
Importance of Surface
Acquisition of Surface Charge
Particle Size, Shape, and Polydispersity
The Double Layer and Colloidal Stability
The Schulze-Hardy Rule
Electrophoresis and Zeta Potential
Particle Collision and Fast Coagulation
Slow Coagulation
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
Adsorption, Partitioning, and Interfaces
Introduction
Accumulation of Solutes at Interfaces
Adsorption at Solid-Liquid and Solid-Gas Interfaces
Adsorption Isotherms
Linear Equilibrium Partitioning Between Two Phases
Partitioning and Separation in Flow Systems
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
Basic Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Transport
Introduction
The Joy of Fluid Mechanics
The Navier-Stokes Equations
Fluid Statics and the Buoyancy Force
Capillarity and Interfacial Tension
The Modified Pressure and Free-Surface Flows
Steady Unidirectional Circular Streamline Flows
Fluid Shear Stresses and the Viscosity of Newtonian Fluids
Slip Flow
Field-Flow Fractionation
Nonsteady Unidirectional Flows: Stokes' First Problem
Low Reynolds Number Flows
Ideal Fluids, Potential Flows, and Stream Functions
The Bernoulli Equation
Steady Viscous Momentum Boundary Layers
Turbulent Flows
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
Diffusive Mass Transport
Introduction
Thermodynamics of Diffusion
Fick's First Law and General Diffusive Transport
The Diffusion Coefficient
Steady-State Diffusion Problems with No Overall Diffusive Mass Transfer
Steady-State Mass Balances Over Differential Elements
Fick's Second Law and Nonsteady-State Diffusion
Effective Diffusion Coefficients in Porous Media
Hindered Diffusion
When Chemicals Diffuse Against a Concentration Gradient
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
Convective Diffusion, Dispersion, and Mass Transfer
Introduction and Simple Example of Convective Diffusion
The Convective-Diffusion Equation
Mass Transport in Steady Laminar Flow in a Cylindrical Tube
Taylor-Aris Dispersion
Turbulent Dispersion: The Lagrangian Approach
Turbulent Dispersion: The Eulerian Approach
Mass Transfer in Laminar Flow Along Reacting or Dissolving Solid Surfaces
Mass-Transfer Coefficients, Models, and Correlations for Laminar and Turbulent Flows
Interphase Mass Transport and Resistance Models
Summary
Exercises
References
Filtration and Mass Transport in Porous Media
Introduction
Porosity, Velocity, and Porous Media Continua
Coefficients of Mechanical, Molecular, and Hydrodynamic Dispersion
Porous Media Dispersion Equation in a Homogeneous Isotropic Medium
Solution of the Dispersion Equation in an Infinite One-Dimensional Medium
Analytical Chromatography
Filtration
Osmotic Pressure and Reverse Osmosis
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
Reaction Kinetics
Introduction
First-Order Reactions
Second-Order Reactions
Pseudo-First-Order Reactions
Zero-Order Reactions
Elementary and Nonelementary Reactions
Simple Series and Parallel Reactions
Reversible Reactions
Characteristic Reaction Times
Arrhenius' Law and the Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rate
The Fastest Reactions: Diffusion-Controlled Reactions
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
Mixing and Reactor Modeling
Introduction
Simple Closed-Reactor and Residence-Time Distributions
Measurement of Residence-Time Distributions
Residence-Time Distributions from Discrete Data
Perfect Mixing and Ideal Plug Flow
F, W, and Disinfection
Moments of Residence-Time Distributions
Other Residence-Time Models
Axial-Dispersion Model
Fitting Residence-Time Distributions to Data
Mixing and Reactions
Summary
Exercises
References
Bibliography
S I Units and Physical Constants
Bibliography
Review of Vectors
Bibliography
Equations of Fluid Mechanics and Convective Diffusion in Rectangular, Cylindrical, and Spherical Coordinates
Bibliography
Physical Properties of Water and Air
Bibliography
Index

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