| |

| |

| |

Measurement | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Measuring Things | |

| |

| |

| |

The International System of Units | |

| |

| |

| |

Changing Units | |

| |

| |

| |

Length | |

| |

| |

| |

Time | |

| |

| |

| |

Mass | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Motion Along a Straight Line | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

Position and Displacement | |

| |

| |

| |

Average Velocity and Average Speed | |

| |

| |

| |

Instantaneous Velocity and Speed | |

| |

| |

| |

Acceleration | |

| |

| |

| |

Constant Acceleration: A Special Case | |

| |

| |

| |

Another Look at Constant Acceleration | |

| |

| |

| |

Free-Fall Acceleration | |

| |

| |

| |

Graphical Integration in Motion Analysis | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Vector | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Vectors and Scalars | |

| |

| |

| |

Adding Vectors Geometrically | |

| |

| |

| |

Components of Vectors | |

| |

| |

| |

Unit Vectors | |

| |

| |

| |

Adding Vectors by Components | |

| |

| |

| |

Vectors and the Laws of Physics | |

| |

| |

| |

Multiplying Vectors | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Motion in Two and Three Dimensions | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Position and Displacement | |

| |

| |

| |

Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity | |

| |

| |

| |

Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration | |

| |

| |

| |

Projectile Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

Projectile Motion Analyzed | |

| |

| |

| |

Uniform Circular Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

Relative Motion in One Dimension | |

| |

| |

| |

Relative Motion in Two Dimensions | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Force and Motion - I | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Newtonian Mechanics | |

| |

| |

| |

Newton's First Law | |

| |

| |

| |

Force | |

| |

| |

| |

Mass | |

| |

| |

| |

Newton's Second Law | |

| |

| |

| |

Some Particular Forces | |

| |

| |

| |

Newton's Third Law | |

| |

| |

| |

Applying Newton's Laws | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Force and Motion - II | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Friction | |

| |

| |

| |

Properties of Friction | |

| |

| |

| |

The Drag Force and Terminal Speed | |

| |

| |

| |

Uniform Circular Motion | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Kinetic Energy and Work | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Energy? | |

| |

| |

| |

Kinetic Energy | |

| |

| |

| |

Work | |

| |

| |

| |

Work and Kinetic Energy | |

| |

| |

| |

Work Done by the Gravitational Force | |

| |

| |

| |

Work Done by a Spring Force | |

| |

| |

| |

Work Done by a General Variable Force | |

| |

| |

| |

Power | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Work and Potential Energy | |

| |

| |

| |

Path Independence of Conservative Forces | |

| |

| |

| |

Determining Potential Energy Values | |

| |

| |

| |

Conservation of Mechanical Energy | |

| |

| |

| |

Reading a Potential Energy Curve | |

| |

| |

| |

Work Done on a System by an External Force | |

| |

| |

| |

Conservation of Energy | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Center of Mass and Linear Momentum | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

The Center of Mass | |

| |

| |

| |

Newton's Second Law for a System of Particles | |

| |

| |

| |

Linear Momentum | |

| |

| |

| |

The Linear Momentum of a System of Particles | |

| |

| |

| |

Collision and Impulse | |

| |

| |

| |

Conservation of Linear Momentum | |

| |

| |

| |

Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions | |

| |

| |

| |

Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension | |

| |

| |

| |

Elastic Collisions in One Dimension | |

| |

| |

| |

Collisions in Two Dimensions | |

| |

| |

| |

Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocket | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Rotation | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

The Rotational Variables | |

| |

| |

| |

Are Angular Quantities Vectors? | |

| |

| |

| |

Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration | |

| |

| |

| |

Relating the Linear and Angular Variables | |

| |

| |

| |

Kinetic Energy of Rotation | |

| |

| |

| |

Calculating the Rotational Inertia | |

| |

| |

| |

Torque | |

| |

| |

| |

Newton's Second Law for Rotation | |

| |

| |

| |

Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combined | |

| |

| |

| |

The Kinetic Energy of Rolling | |

| |

| |

| |

The Forces of Rolling | |

| |

| |

| |

The Yo-Yo | |

| |

| |

| |

Torque Revisited | |

| |

| |

| |

Angular Momentum | |

| |

| |

| |

Newton's Second Law in Angular Form | |

| |

| |

| |

The Angular Momentum of a System of Particles | |

| |

| |

| |

The Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body Rotating About a Fixed Axis | |

| |

| |

| |

Conservation of Angular Momentum | |

| |

| |

| |

Precession of a Gyroscope | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Equilibrium and Elasticity | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Equilibrium | |

| |

| |

| |

The Requirements of Equilibrium | |

| |

| |

| |

The Center of Gravity | |

| |

| |

| |

Some Examples of Static Equilibrium | |

| |

| |

| |

Indeterminate Structures | |

| |

| |

| |

Elasticity | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Gravitation | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Newton's Law of Gravitation | |

| |

| |

| |

Gravitation and the Principle of Superposition | |

| |

| |

| |

Gravitation Near Earth's Surface | |

| |

| |

| |

Gravitation Inside Earth | |

| |

| |

| |

Gravitation Potential Energy | |

| |

| |

| |

Planets and Satellites: Kepler's Laws | |

| |

| |

| |

Satellites: Orbits and Energy | |

| |

| |

| |

Einstein and Gravitation | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Fluids | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is a Fluid? | |

| |

| |

| |

Density and Pressure | |

| |

| |

| |

Fluids at Rest | |

| |

| |

| |

Measuring Pressure | |

| |

| |

| |

Pascal's Principle | |

| |

| |

| |

Archimedes' Principle | |

| |

| |

| |

Ideal Fluids in Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

The Equation of Continuity | |

| |

| |

| |

Bernoulli's Equation | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Oscillations | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Simple Harmonic Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

The Force Law for Simple Harmonic Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillator | |

| |

| |

| |

Pendulums | |

| |

| |

| |

Simple Harmonic Motion and Uniform Circular Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

Damped Simple Harmonic Motion | |

| |

| |

| |

Forced Oscillations and Resonance | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Waves-I | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Types of Waves | |

| |

| |

| |

Transverse and Longitudinal Waves | |

| |

| |

| |

Wavelength and Frequency | |

| |

| |

| |

The Speed of a Traveling Wave | |

| |

| |

| |

Wave Speed on a Stretched String | |

| |

| |

| |

Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling Along a String | |

| |

| |

| |

The Wave Equation | |

| |

| |

| |

The Principle of Superposition for Waves | |

| |

| |

| |

Interference of Waves | |

| |

| |

| |

Phasors | |

| |

| |

| |

Standing Waves | |

| |

| |

| |

Standing Waves and Resonance | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Waves-II | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Sound Waves | |

| |

| |

| |

The Speed of Sound | |

| |

| |

| |

Traveling Sound Waves | |

| |

| |

| |

Interference | |

| |

| |

| |

Intensity and Sound Level | |

| |

| |

| |

Sources of Musical Sound | |

| |

| |

| |

Beats | |

| |

| |

| |

The Doppler Effect | |

| |

| |

| |

Supersonic Speeds, Shock Waves | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Temperature | |

| |

| |

| |

The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | |

| |

| |

| |

Measuring Temperature | |

| |

| |

| |

The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales | |

| |

| |

| |

Thermal Expansion | |

| |

| |

| |

Temperature and Heat | |

| |

| |

| |

The Absorption of Heat by Solids and Liquids | |

| |

| |

| |

A Closer Look at Heat and Work | |

| |

| |

| |

The First Law of Thermodynamics | |

| |

| |

| |

Some Special Cases of the First Law of Thermodynamics | |

| |

| |

| |

Heat Transfer Mechanisms | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

The Kinetic Theory of Gases | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Avogadro's Number | |

| |

| |

| |

Ideal Gases | |

| |

| |

| |

Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed | |

| |

| |

| |

Translational Kinetic Energy | |

| |

| |

| |

Mean Free Path | |

| |

| |

| |

The Distribution of Molecular Speeds | |

| |

| |

| |

The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas | |

| |

| |

| |

Degrees of Freedom and Molar Specific Heats | |

| |

| |

| |

A Hint of Quantum Theory | |

| |

| |

| |

The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

| |

Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

| |

| |

| |

What Is Physics? | |

| |

| |

| |

Irreversible Processes and Entropy | |

| |

| |

| |

Change in Entropy | |

| |

| |

| |

The Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

| |

| |

| |

Entropy in the Real World: Engines | |

| |

| |

| |

Entropy in the Real World: Refrigerators | |

| |

| |

| |

The Efficiencies of Real Engines | |

| |

| |

| |

A Statistical View of Entropy | |

| |

| |

Review & Summary | |

| |

| |

Questions | |

| |

| |

Problems | |

| |

| |

Appendices | |

| |

| |

| |

The International System of Units (SI) | |

| |

| |

| |

Some Fundamental Constants of Physics | |

| |

| |

| |

Some Astronomical Data | |

| |

| |

| |

Conversion Factors | |

| |

| |

| |

Mathematical Formulas | |

| |

| |

| |

Properties of the Elements | |

| |

| |

| |

Periodic Table of the Elements | |

| |

| |

Answers to Checkpoints and Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems | |

| |

| |

Index | |