Small-Format Aerial Photography Principles, Techniques and Geoscience Applications

ISBN-10: 0444532609
ISBN-13: 9780444532602
Edition: 2010
List price: $111.00
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Description: As the need for geographical data rapidly expands in the 21 st century, so too do applications of small-format aerial photography for a wide range of scientific, commercial and governmental purposes. Small-format Aerial Photography (SFAP) presents  More...

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Book details

List price: $111.00
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 6/8/2010
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 268
Size: 8.50" wide x 10.87" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 3.498
Language: English

As the need for geographical data rapidly expands in the 21 st century, so too do applications of small-format aerial photography for a wide range of scientific, commercial and governmental purposes. Small-format Aerial Photography (SFAP) presents basic and advanced principles and techniques with an emphasis on digital cameras. Unmanned platforms are described in considerable detail, including kites, helium and hot-air blimps, model airplanes, and paragliders. Several case studies, primarily drawn from the geosciences, are presented to demonstrate how SFAP is actually used in various applications. Many of these integrate SFAP with ground-based investigations as well as conventional large-format aerial photography, satellite imagery, and other kinds of geographic information. *Full-color photographs throughout *Case studies from around the globe *Techniques presented allow for image resolution impossible to match via traditional aerial photography or satellite datasets *Glossary clarifies key terms

Introduction to small-format aerial photography
Overview
Brief history
19th century
20th century
Photography and imagery
Conventional aerial photography
Small-format aerial photography
Summary
Basic principles of SFAP
Remote sensing
Ideal remote sensing
Actual SFAP
Common aspects of SFAP
Image vantage
Photographic scale and resolution
Relief displacement
Stereoscopic images
Photographic storage
Summary
Photogrammetry
Introduction
Geometry of single photographs
Vertical photography
Tilted photography
Interior orientation
Exterior orientation
Geometry of stereophotographs
Principle of stereoscopic viewing
Base-height ratio and stereoscopic coverage
3D measurements from stereomodels
Creating stereomodels with aerial triangulation by bundle-block adjustment
Quantitative analysis of photographs
Measuring and mapping from single photographs
Manual measuring and mapping from stereomodels
Automatic DEM extraction from stereomodels
Summary
Lighting and atmospheric conditions
Introduction
Multiview-angle effects
Bidirectional reflectance distribution function
Multispectral effects
Latitude and seasonal conditions
Clouds
Shadows
Summary
Photographic composition
Introduction
Basic elements of photographic composition
Oblique and vertical views
Linear features
Image depth
Pattern and texture
Color
Combining compositional elements
Photographs vs. human vision
Summary
Cameras for SFAP
Introduction
Film camera basics
Digital camera basics
Types of digital cameras
Image sensors
Image file formats
Camera geometry and light
Focal length
Lens aperture
Shutter speed
Film speed or ISO rating
Camera exposure settings
Image degradation
Color-infrared photography
Camera capabilities for SFAP
Camera lens
Image sensor
File format
Camera type
Camera calibration
Summary
Camera mounting systems
Introduction
Camera operation
Detachable mounts
Single-camera suspended rigs
Multiple-camera suspended rigs
Attaching suspendable mounts to a platform
Detactable modular unit mounts
Fixed mounts
Summary
Platforms for SFAP
Introduction
Manned light-sport aircraft
Powered light-sport aircraft
Unpowered light-sport aircraft
Lighter-than-air platforms
Lifting gases
Helium blimp
Hot-air blimp
Kite aerial photography
Kites for SFAP
Kite-flying equipment
Ground operations
Drones for SFAP
Basic model airplane
Autopiloted model airplane
Powered paraglider
Pros and cons of different platforms
Summary
SFAP survey planning and implementation
Introduction
Travel and equipment logistics
Site accessibility and characteristics
Local site accessibility
Flight obstacles
Local wind conditions
High-altitude SFAP
Ground Control
GCP installation
GCP coordinate measurement
Flight planning considerations
Image scale and resolution
Stereoscopic and large-area coverage
Flight planning example
Initial calculations: Complete coverage with single image
Revised calulations: Optimal image resolution
Consequences for aerial survey design
Ideal flightline calculation
Flight planning for oblique SFAP
Legal issues
German regulations
Regulations in the U.S. and other countries
Insurance
Summary
Image interpretation
Introduction
Image interpretability
SFAP interpretation
Water and drainage
Geomorphology
Vegetation and agriculture
Cultural heritage and archaeology
Soils
Summary
Image processing and analysis
Introduction
Geometric correction and georeferencing
Reference coordinate systems
Image rectification
Image mosaics
Image enhancement
Correcting lens-dependent aberrations
Contrast enhancement
Image filtering
Image transformation
Image ratios and vegetation indices
Principal components analysis and color-space transformations
Image classification
Stereoviewing and photogrammetric analysis
Creating simple on-screen stereoviews
Using printouts under a stereoscope
Digital stereoviewing
Stereoscopic measuring and mapping
DEM generation
Software for SFAP analysis
Summary
Glacial geomorphology
Introduction
Glacial erosion
Glacial deposition
Glacial deformation
Summary
Gully erosion monitoring
Introduction
Study sites and survey
Gully mapping and change analysis
Summary
Wetland environments
Overview
Raised bogs, Estonia
Endla Nature Reserve
Nigula Nature Reserve
Discussion
Prairie marshes and playas, Kansas
Cheyenne Bottoms
Dry Lake
Discussion
Summary
Biocontrol of salt cedar
Salt cedar problem
USBR study site
Analysis of KAP results
Summary
Vegetation and erosion
Introduction
Monitoring vegetation and erosion test sites
Influence of grazing on vegetation cover
Combating desertification and soil degradation
Summary
Soil mapping and soil degradation
Introduction
Soils and long-term human land use
Summary
Architecture and property management
Introduction
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri
Property management, Lake Kahola, Kansas
Summary
Golf course management
Overview
Garden City, Kansas
Summary
References
Index

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