American Foreign Policy The Dynamics of Choice in the 21st Century

ISBN-10: 0393979342

ISBN-13: 9780393979343

Edition: 2nd 2003

List price: $59.65
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Description: Weaving together theory, history and contemporary debates, this second edition of Jentleson's study includes expanded and updated coverage of post-Cold War geopolitics, globalization, ethnic conflict, democratization and the so-called war on terrorism.

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Book details

List price: $59.65
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company, Incorporated
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 693
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.420
Language: English

List of Maps and Boxed Featuresp. xiv
Prefacep. xvii
The Context of U.S. Foreign Policy: Theory and History
The Strategic Context: Foreign Policy Strategy and the Essence of Choicep. 2
Introduction: Foreign Policy in a Time of Transitionp. 2
The Context of the International Systemp. 8
Quasi-anarchyp. 8
System Structurep. 9
State Structural Positionp. 9
The National Interest: The 4Ps Frameworkp. 10
Powerp. 10
Peacep. 13
Prosperityp. 14
Principlesp. 16
Dilemmas of Foreign Policy Choice: 4Ps Complementarity and Tradeoffsp. 19
4Ps Complementarity: Optimal, but Infrequentp. 19
4Ps Tradeoffs: More Frequent, More Problematicp. 21
Summaryp. 24
The Domestic Context: Foreign Policy Politics and the Process of Choicep. 26
Introduction: Dispelling the "Water's Edge" Mythp. 26
The President, Congress, and "Pennsylvania Avenue Diplomacy"p. 28
War Powersp. 30
Treaties and Other International Commitmentsp. 31
Appointments of Foreign Policy Officialsp. 32
"Commerce with Foreign Nations"p. 33
General Powersp. 33
The Supreme Court as Referee?p. 35
Executive-Branch Politicsp. 37
Presidents as Foreign Policy Leadersp. 37
Roles of Senior Foreign Policy Advisersp. 40
Bureaucratic Politics and Organizational Dynamicsp. 41
Interest Groups and Their Influencep. 44
A Typology of Foreign Policy Interest Groupsp. 44
Strategies and Techniques of Influencep. 47
The Extent of Interest-Group Influence: Analytic and Normative Considerationsp. 49
The Impact of the News Mediap. 53
Role of the Media: Cheerleader or Critic?p. 54
Modes of Influencep. 54
Freedom of the Press vs. National Securityp. 56
The Nature and Influence of Public Opinionp. 57
Ignorant or Sensible? The Nature of Public Opinion about Foreign Policyp. 57
The Influence of Public Opinion on Foreign Policyp. 60
Summaryp. 62
The Historical Context: Great Debates in American Foreign Policy, 1789-1945p. 66
Introduction: "The Past Is Prologue"p. 66
Great Debates over Foreign Policy Strategyp. 67
Isolationism vs. Internationalismp. 67
Power, Peace: How Big a Military, How Much for Defense?p. 72
Principles: True to American Democratic Ideals?p. 75
Prosperity: U.S. Imperialism?p. 79
Key Case: U.S. Relations with Latin America--Good Neighbor or Regional Hegemon?p. 82
Key Case: The United States as a Pacific Powerp. 85
Great Debates in Foreign Policy Politicsp. 88
Going to Warp. 88
National Security vs. the Bill of Rightsp. 91
Free Trade vs. Protectionismp. 93
Summaryp. 95
The Cold War Context: Origins and First Stagesp. 99
Introduction: "Present at the Creation"p. 99
Peace: Liberal Internationalism and the United Nationsp. 101
The Original Vision of the United Nationsp. 101
The Scaled-Back Realityp. 103
Power: Nuclear Deterrence and Containmentp. 104
Formative Period, 1947-50p. 105
Intensification, 1950s to the Early 1960sp. 111
Principles: Ideological Bipolarity and the Third World "ABC" Approachp. 113
Support for "ABC Democrats"p. 114
CIA Covert Actionp. 116
Prosperity: Creation of the Liberal International Economic Orderp. 117
The Major International Economic Institutionsp. 117
Critiques: Hegemony? Neo-Imperialism?p. 118
Foreign Policy Politics and the Cold War Consensusp. 119
Pennsylvania Avenue Diplomacy: A One-Way Streetp. 119
Executive-Branch Politics and the Creation of the "National Security State"p. 123
Interest Groups, the Media, and Public Opinion: Benefits and Dangers of Consensusp. 127
Summaryp. 132
The Cold War Context: Lessons and Legaciesp. 136
Introduction: Turbulent Decadesp. 136
The Vietnam War: America's Most Profound Foreign Policy Setbackp. 137
Foreign Policy Strategy: Failure on all Countsp. 140
Foreign Policy Politics: Shattering the Cold War Consensusp. 142
The Rise and Fall of Detente: Major Foreign Policy Shiftsp. 147
Nixon, Kissinger, and the Rise of Detentep. 147
Reasons for the Fall of Detentep. 154
1970s Economic Shocksp. 159
The Nixon Shock, 1971p. 159
The OPEC Shocks, 1973 and 1979p. 160
The North-South Conflict and Demands for an "NIEO"p. 161
Trade with Japanp. 164
Reagan, Gorbachev, and the End of the Cold Warp. 165
The 4Ps under Reaganp. 165
Confrontational Foreign Policy Politicsp. 170
The End of the Cold War: Why Did the Cold War End, and End Peacefully?p. 172
Summaryp. 178
American Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century: Choices and Challenges
Foreign Policy Politics: Diplomacy Begins at Homep. 186
Introduction: Politics without an Enemyp. 186
Presidential-Congressional Relations: Post-Cold War Pennsylvania Avenue Diplomacyp. 188
Interbranch Conflictp. 188
Institutional Competitionp. 193
Constructive Compromisep. 195
Cooperationp. 197
Executive-Branch Politics: Issues of Leadership and Bureaucracyp. 198
Presidents as Foreign Policy Decision-Makers: George Bush and Bill Clintonp. 200
The Senior Advisory Process: Greater Consensus, and Its Positives and Negativesp. 202
Bureaucratic Politics: Assertive New Actors, Troubled Old Onesp. 206
Foreign Policy Interest Groups: Proliferation and Intensificationp. 209
Economic Globalization and Interest Groupsp. 209
Identity Groupsp. 210
The Explosion of NGOsp. 212
The Madisonian Dilemma of Interest-Group Influencep. 213
The News Media: General Trends and the Persian Gulf War Casep. 214
General Trendsp. 215
The Persian Gulf War Casep. 218
Post-Cold War Public Opinion: Currents and Cross-Currentsp. 220
Neo-Isolationism vs. Neo-Internationalismp. 220
Foreign-Domestic "Nexus" Issuesp. 223
Summaryp. 225
Peace: Building a Post-Cold War World Order?p. 229
Introduction: The Liberal Internationalist Paradigm and the Post-Cold War Erap. 229
The United Nationsp. 231
Peace and Power: Policy Enhancement vs. Prerogative Encroachmentp. 233
How Effective Is the U.N.?p. 237
The U.N. and U.S. Domestic Politicsp. 242
Regional Multilateral Organizationsp. 246
Europe: The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europep. 247
The Western Hemisphere: The Organization of American Statesp. 248
Africa: The Organization for African Unityp. 249
Asia: The Association of Southeast Asian Nations and Its Regional Forump. 250
The Middle East: The Multilateral Peace Processp. 251
Nonproliferation Regimesp. 252
Nuclear Nonproliferationp. 252
Chemical and Biological Weaponsp. 254
Lessons of the Iraq Casep. 256
Land Mines and the Regime-Creating Role of NGOsp. 258
The United States as a Peace Brokerp. 259
The Middle East Peace Processp. 260
Russia, Ukraine, and the Soviet Union's Nuclear Weapons, 1991-94p. 264
Bosnia and the Dayton Accords, 1995p. 265
Summaryp. 267
Power: Still the Name of the Game?p. 271
Introduction: The Realist Paradigm and the Post-Cold War Erap. 271
Major-Power Geopoliticsp. 273
Russiap. 274
Chinap. 278
Western Europep. 281
Japanp. 282
Rethinking Defense Strategyp. 283
The Persian Gulf War and Its Lessonsp. 284
The Future of NATOp. 285
Deterrence and the "Two MRC" Strategyp. 290
Nuclear Deterrence, Nuclear "Abolition," Nuclear Defense?p. 292
Defense Spending: How Much Is Enough?p. 297
Ethnic and Other Deadly Conflictsp. 298
Military Interventionp. 298
The Politics of Military Interventionp. 302
Preventive Statecraftp. 306
Security Threats from Nonstate Actorsp. 310
Terrorismp. 310
Drug Warsp. 312
Global Crime Ringsp. 314
Summaryp. 315
Prosperity: Foreign Economic and Social Policy in an Age of Globalizationp. 319
Introduction: The International Political Economy Paradigm and the Post-Cold War Erap. 319
International Tradep. 321
Making U.S. Trade Policyp. 323
The Uruguay Round and the WTO Systemp. 329
Geo-Economics: Friends as Foes?p. 331
International Financep. 336
1990s Financial Crisesp. 336
Policy Debates over the IMFp. 340
Social Stewardshipp. 342
Poverty and the Human Conditionp. 342
Global Environmental Issuesp. 350
Economic Sanctionsp. 353
Policy Choice: 4Ps Tensions and Tradeoffsp. 354
Policy Efficacy: Do Sanctions Work?p. 356
Summaryp. 358
Principles: The Coming of a Democratic Century?p. 362
Introduction: The Democratic Idealist Paradigm and the Post-Cold War Erap. 362
Global Democracy and Human Rights: Status and Prospectsp. 365
1990s Democratic Success Storiesp. 366
Limits and Setbacksp. 368
Uncertainties: Challenges of Democratic Consolidation and Institutionalizationp. 370
Principles and Peace: The Democratic Peace Debatep. 376
The Democratic Peace Theoryp. 377
Critiques and Caveatsp. 379
Policy Strategies for Promoting Democracy and Protecting Human Rightsp. 381
U.S. Governmentp. 381
International Organizationsp. 383
Other Governmentsp. 385
NGOsp. 385
Facilitating Free and Fair Electionsp. 386
Building Strong and Accountable Political Institutionsp. 388
Strengthening the Rule of Lawp. 390
Protecting Human Rightsp. 393
Cultivating Civil Societyp. 397
Principles and Power: Significance and Sources of Soft Powerp. 400
Principles as Power: Soft Power's Significancep. 400
Domestic Policy as Foreign Policy: Sources of Soft Powerp. 401
Summaryp. 402
Indexp. 1
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.
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