World Politics Interests, Interactions, Institutions

ISBN-10: 0393912388

ISBN-13: 9780393912388

Edition: 2nd 2013

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Description: Why are there wars? Why do countries struggle to cooperate to prevent genocides or global environmental problems? Why are some countries rich while others are poor? Organized around the puzzles that draw scholars and students alike to the study of world politics, this book gives students the tools they need to think analytically about compelling questions like these. In the Second Edition, two new chapters—one on civil war and terrorism and one on international law—bring the book’s successful approach to additional topics. Added features stress real-world applications and provide extensive study and review help, making the authors’ analytical approach even more accessible and engaging.

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Book details

List price: $115.05
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/15/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 579
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.398
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
What Is World Politics and Why Do We Study It?
Twelve Puzzles in Search of Explanations
The Framework: Interests, Interactions, and Institutions
Levels of Analysis
Integrating Insights from Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism
The Plan of the Book
Foundations
What Shaped Our World? A Historical Introduction
The Emergence of International Relations: The Mercantilist Era
How Do We Know? Mercantilism and the Thirteen Colonies
The Pax Britannica
What Shaped Our World? Colonists and the Colonized
The Hundred Years' Peace
Free Trade
The Gold Standard
Colonial Imperialism
The Thirty Years' Crisis
Tension in Europe
World War I and Its Effects
Interwar Instability
World War II
The Cold War
The Superpowers Emerge
The Blocs Consolidate
Decolonization
The Rise of the Third World
The Cold War Thaws
After the Cold War
The Cold War fends
Worldwide Economic Developments
New Diplomatic Challenges
What Will Shape Our World in the Future?
American Predominance and Challenges to It
Globalization
Looking Ahead
Understanding Interests, Interactions, and Institutions
Interests: What Do Actors Want from Politics?
Actors and Interests
What Shaped Our World? The Rise of the State
Interactions: Why Can't Actors Always Get What They Want?
Cooperation and Bargaining
When Can Actors Cooperate?
Who Wins and Who Loses in Bargaining?
Institutions: Do Rules Matter in World Politics?
How Do Institutions Affect Cooperation?
How Do We Know? The International Diffusion of Election Monitoring
Whom Do Institutions Benefit?
Why Follow the Rules?
Conclusion: Thinking Analytically about World Politics
Special Topic: A Primer on Game Theory
War and Peace
Why Are There Wars?
What Is the Purpose of War?
What Do States Fight Over?
Bargaining and War
Compellence and Deterrence: Varieties of Coercive Bargaining
Do Wars Happen by Mistake? War from Incomplete Information
Incentives to Misrepresent and the Problem of Credibility
Communicating Resolve: The Language of Coercion
Can an Adversary Be Trusted to Honor a Deal? War from Commitment Problems
Bargaining over Goods That Are a Source of Future Bargaining Power
How Do We Know?. Bargaining and Conflict over Territory
Controversy: Should We Negotiate with Rogue Regimes?
Prevention: War in Response to Changing Power
Preemption: War in Response to First-Strike Advantages
What Shaped Our World'? Prevention and Preemption in World War I
Is Compromise Always Possible? War from Indivisibility
How Can We Make War Less Likely?
Raising the Costs of War
Increasing Transparency
Providing Outside Enforcement of Commitments
Dividing Apparently Indivisible Goods
Conclusion: Why War?
Domestic Politics and War
Whose Interests Count in Matters of War and Peace?
National versus Particularistic Interests
Interactions, Institutions, and Influence
Do Politicians Spark Wars Abroad in Order to Hold On to Power at Home?
What Do Leaders Want?
Controversy: Should We Assassinate Leaders Rather Than Fight Their Armies?
The Rally Effect and the Diversionary Incentive
Do Leaders "Wag the Dog"?
The Political Costs of War
How Do We Know? War and the Fate of Political Leaders
Do Countries Fight Wars to Satisfy the Military or Special Interest Groups?
Bureaucratic Politics and the Military
What Shaped Our World? The Kargil War and Military Influence in War
Interest Groups: Economic and Ethnic Lobbies
How Can Small Groups Have a Big Influence on Policy?
How Do Domestic Interests Affect International Bargaining?
Why Don't Democracies Fight One Another?
What Is Democracy?
Representation, Accountability, and Interests in War and Peace
Democracy and the Bargaining Interaction
Domestic Institutions or Strategic Interests?
Conclusion: What If All the World Were Democratic?
International Institutions and War
Alliances: Why Promise to Fight Someone Else's War?
Alliances and Alignments
Alliances and the Likelihood of War
How Alliances Establish Credibility
Why Aren't Alliance Commitments Ironclad?
The Success and Failure of Alliances in Europe, 1879-1990
What Shaped Our World? NATO after the Cold War
Collective Security: Why Can't the United Nations Keep the Peace?
How Does Collective Security Work?
The Dilemmas of Collective Security
Institutional Responses to the Challenges of Collective Security
The Experience of Collective Security: The United Nations
Controversy: Should the International Community Intervene Militarily in Civil Conflicts?
How Do We Know? Does Peacekeeping Keep the Peace?
Conclusion: Are Poor Police Better Than None?
Violence by Nonstate Actors: Civil War and Terrorism
Why Does War Occur within States?
Why Rebel?
Controversy: Should Every Group Have a State of Its Own?
When Does Dissatisfaction Lead to Armed Opposition?
How Do We Know? Why Civil Wars Cluster Together
Civil War As a Bargaining Failure
The Strategies of Civil War
What Can Be Done about Civil War?
Terrorism: Why Kill Civilians?
Are Terrorists Rational?
Why Terrorism?
What Shaped Our World? The Rise of Al Qaeda
Terrorism As a Bargaining Failure
How Can Terrorists Hope to Win? Strategies of Violence
Can Terrorism Be Prevented?
Conclusion: A Challenge to States?
International Political Economy
International Trade
What's So Good about Trade?
Why Do Countries Trade What They Do?
Trade Restrictions Are the Rule, Not the Exception
Why Do Governments Restrict Trade? The Domestic Political Economy of Protection
Winners and Losers in International Trade
Economic Interests and Trade Policy
Domestic Institutions and Trade Policy
How Do We Know? The Political Economy of American Sugar Protection
Costs, Benefits, and Compensation in National Trade Policies
How Do Countries Get What They Want? The International Political Economy of Trade
Strategic Interaction in International Trade Relations
What Shaped Our World? The Creation of a Single European Market
International Institutions in International Trade
Explaining Trends and Patterns in International Trade
Why, within a Country, Are Some Industries Protected and Some Not?
Controversy: Does the WTO Hurt the Global Poor?
Why Have National Trade Policies Varied over Time?
Why Do Some Countries Have Higher Trade Barriers Than Others?
Why Has the World Trading Order Been More or Less Open at Different Times?
Conclusion: Trade and Politics
Special Topic: Comparative Advantage and the Political Economy of Trade
International Financial Relations
How and Why Do People Invest Overseas?
Why Invest Abroad? Why Borrow Abroad?
What's the Problem with Foreign Investment?
Concessional Finance
Why Is International Finance Controversial?
Who Wants to Borrow? Who Wants to Lend?
Debtor-Creditor Interactions
Institutions of International Finance
Controversy: Is the IMF Unfair?
Recent Borrowing and Debt Crises
What Shaped Our World? The Latin American Debt Crisis
A New Crisis Hits the United States-and the World
Foreign Direct Investment: What Role Do Multinational Corporations Play?
Why Do Corporations Go Multinational?
Why Do Countries Let Foreign Multinationals In?
How Do We Know? Who's Afraid of MNCs, and Who Likes Them?
Host-Country Interactions with MNCs
Why Aren't There International Institutions Related to FDI?
International Migration: What Happens When People-Rather Than Capital-Move across Borders?
Conclusion: The Politics of International Investment
International Monetary Relations
What Are Exchange Rates, and Why Do They Matter?
How Are Currency Values Determined?
Allowing the Exchange Rate to Change
Who Cares about Exchange Rates, and Why?
Governments
Consumers and Businesses
Can There Be World Money without World Government?
When and Why Do Governments Agree on the Monetary Order?
International Monetary Cooperation and Conflict
International Monetary Regimes
A Short History of International Monetary Systems
What Shaped Our World? The Wizard of Oz and the Gold Standard
Regional Monetary Arrangements: The Euro
How Do We Know? Who Wanted the Euro?
What Happens When Currencies Collapse?
Effects on Government
International Repercussions
Containing Currency Crises
Conclusion: Currencies, Conflict, and Cooperation
Controversy: Should Currency Traders Be Permitted to "Attack" Weak Currencies?
Development: Causes of the Wealth and Poverty of Nations
If Everyone Wants Development, Why Is It So Hard to Achieve?
Geographic Location
What Shaped Our World? Paths to Development
Domestic Factors
Domestic Institutions
How Do We Know? Explaining Developmental Differences: North and South America
Are Rich Countries Responsible for the Problems of the Developing World?
Did Colonialism Hamper Development?
Is the International Economy Biased against LDCs?
Are International Institutions Biased against LDCs?
Development Policies and Development Politics
Import Substituting Industrialization
Export-Oriented Industrialization
The Turn toward Globalization
Attempts to Remedy the Bias of International Institutions
Is Foreign Aid an Answer?
Controversy: What Responsibilities Do Rich Countries Have to the Global Poor?
Globalization and Its Discontents
Conclusion: Toward Global Development
Addressing International Factors
Addressing Domestic Factors
Transnational Politics
International Law and Norms
What Is International Law?
How Does International Law Get Made?
What Shaped Our World? Crimes against Humanity
Is All International Law the Same?
How Do We Know? The European Court of Justice and the Integration of Europe
Does International Law Matter?
What Are International Norms?
How Are International Norms Created?
Controversy: Toys Made for Children, by Children
Do Norms Matter?
Beyond Norms: TANs and International Cooperation
Conclusion: Is the State Obsolete?
Human Rights
What Are International Human Rights?
What Shaped Our World? The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Why Are Human Rights Controversial?
Are Some Rights More Important Than Others?
Why Do Individuals and States Care about the Human Rights of Others?
Controversy: Should Economic Sanctions Be Imposed on Governments That Violate Human Rights?
Why Do States Violate Human Rights?
Why Do States Sign Human Rights Agreements?
Why Don't States Observe International Human Rights Law?
Does International Human Rights Law Make a Difference?
How Do We Know? Human Rights Abuses around the Globe
What Can Lead to Better Protection of International Human Rights?
When Do States Take Action on Human Rights?
Will Protection of Human Rights Improve in the Future?
Conclusion: Why Protect Human Rights?
The Global Environment
Why Are Good Intentions Not Good Enough?
Collective Action and the Environment
Solving Collective Action Problems
What Shaped Our World? The Campaign to Save the Whales
Why Do Polluters Usually Win?
Domestic Winners and Losers
International Winners and Losers
Controversy: Who Should Bear the Costs of Addressing Global Climate Change?
How Do We Know? Patterns of Environmental Performance
Bargaining over the Future Environment
How Can Institutions Promote International Environmental Cooperation?
Setting Standards and Verifying Compliance
Facilitating Decision Making
Resolving Disputes
Conclusion: Can Global Environmental Cooperation Succeed?
Special Topic: The Science of Ozone Depletion and Global Climate Change
Looking Ahead
The Future of International Politics
Can the Spread of WMD Be Stopped?
What Do Theory and History Tell Us?
What Shaped Our World? The Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Preventing the Spread of WMD
Will China and the United States Fight for Global Leadership?
What Do Theory and History Tell Us?
A Coming Showdown or Peaceful Engagement?
What Will the United States Do?
Will Economic Globalization Continue?
What Do Theory and History Tell Us?
Resistance to Globalization in the Developed World
How Do We Know? Is Globalization Increasing Inequality?
Resistance to Globalization in the Developing World
Backlash and the International Trading System
Will Globalization Lead to Global Government?
What Do Theory and History Tell Us?
Coming Conflicts over Global Governance
Who Will Set the Rules?
Conclusion: Can Our Common Interests Prevail?
Glossary
Credits
Index
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