Light Science Physics and the Visual Arts

ISBN-10: 0387988270

ISBN-13: 9780387988276

Edition: 1999

List price: $109.00 Buy it from $38.04
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Description: Visual arts depend on light to communicate, and an understanding of the physical properties of light and color should enhance the communication for both the artist and the viewer.This book is intended for students in the visual arts and for others with an interest in art, but with no prior knowledge of physics. It presents the science of light - that is, the science behind what and how we see. The approach emphasizes phenomena rather than mathematical theories and the joy of discovery rather than the drudgery of derivations - the opposite of "heavy science".The text includes numerous problems, questions for discussion, and suggestions for simple experiments. It considers such questions as- why is the sky blue?- what is the nature of light?- how do mirrors and prisms affect the color of light?- how do compact disks work?- what can visual illusions tell us about the nature of perception?And it discusses such topics as: the optics of the eye and camera; the physiology of the eye and the nature of color vision; the different kinds of sources of light; photography and holography; symmetry in art and nature; color in printing and painting; computer imaging and processing.

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Book details

List price: $109.00
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 9/24/1999
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 442
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.014
Language: English

Tom Rossing has taught musical acoustics for nearly 50 years, and has been active in research in this area for at least 30 years. In 1992 he was awarded the Silver Medal in Musical Acoustics by the Acoustical Society of America, and his biography is included in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. He is also the editor of the 2006 Springer Handbook of Acoustics. In 2009 he was awarded the ASA Gold Medal by the Acoustical Society of America for contributions to musical acoustics, leadership in science education, and service to the Society.

Preface
Our World of Light and Color
Rainbows
Blue Skies and Red Sunsets
Why Clouds Are White
The Color of Water
Green Leaves of Summer, Crimson Leaves of Autumn
What Is Color?
Mixing Colors by Addition
Mixing Colors by Subtraction
Color in Art
Shadows
Pinhole Camera
Summary
The Mystery of Light
The Nature of Light: Particles or Waves?
Waves
Progressive Waves
Impulsive Waves: Reflection
Superposition and Interference
Standing Waves
Electromagnetic Waves
Speed of Light
The Particle Nature of Light: Observing Photons
Wave Propagation in Two and Three Dimensions
The Doppler Effect
Water Waves
Summary
Reflection, Mirrors, and Kaleidoscopes
Images Formed by Plane and Curved Mirrors
Concave Mirrors
Convex Mirrors
Anamorphic Art
Kaleidoscopes
Other Applications of Mirrors in the Visual Arts
Mirrors in the Performing Arts: One-Way Mirrors
Summary
Refraction of Light
Bending of Light at a Boundary
Snell's Law
Dispersion
Total Internal Reflection
Diamonds
Lenses
Image Formation by Lenses
Converging Lens
Diverging Lens
Stopped Lens
Simple Cameras
The Human Eye
Telescopes and Microscopes
Summary
Interference and Diffraction
Interference of Waves from Two Identical Sources
Light Passing Through Two Slits: Young's Experiment
Interference in Thin Films
Michelson Interferometer
Applications of Interference
Antireflection Coatings
Multilayer Mirrors
Multilayer Interference Filters
Diffraction
Combined Interference and Diffraction
How Diffraction Limits Resolution
Multiple Slits and Gratings
3-D with Jumping Colors
Summary
Light Sources
Blackbody Radiation
Spectra of Light Sources
Spectral Sensitivity of the Eye
Measuring Illumination
Atoms
Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
Laser Light
Light-Emitting Diodes
Gas-Filled Arc Lamps
Summary
Polarized Light
Polarization by Selective Absorption
Law of Malus
Three Polaroid Filters
Polarization by Reflection
Polarization by Double Refraction: Birefringence
Polarization by Scattering
Three-Dimensional Images
Wave Plates
Photoelasticity
Optical Activity
Applications of Polarized Light in Art
Summary
Color Vision
Spectral Color
Photoreceptors in the Eye
Additive Color Mixing (Revisited)
Transmission and Reflection of Colored Light Subtractive Color Mixing Revisited
Spectral and Monochromatic Filters
Spectral Power Distribution of Filtered Light
Spectral Reflectance
Color Perception
How Many Colors Can We See?
Afterimages
Contrast
Color Constancy
Paints and Inks
Halftone Printing
Four-Color Printing
Color Systems
Theories of Color Vision
Sources of Color
Colored Glass
Glazes and Enamels
Paint
Summary
Holography
Transmission Holograms
Virtual and Real Images
Two-Beam Transmission Holograms
Reflection Holograms
Bragg Reflection
Transfer Holograms
Rainbow (Slit-Transfer) Holograms
Phase Holograms
Color Holograms
Lippmann Color Holograms
Multicolor Rainbow Holograms
Pseudocolor Through Shrinkage
Multiple Scenes
Holographic Stereograms
Embossed Holograms
Holographic Interferometry
Real-Time Interferometry
Double-Exposure Interferometry
Time-Averaged Interferometry
TV Holography
Photopolymers
Computer-Generated Holograms
Summary
Photography
Evolution of Photography
Cameras
Focal Lengths, f-Numbers, and Field of View
Film
Color Film
Color Reversal Films
Color Negative Films
Instant Color Films
Lighting for Color Photography
High-Speed Flash Photography
Digital Photography
Summary
Computer Images
Evolution of Computer Imaging
What Is a Computer?
Bits and Bytes
Graphic Displays
Software
The Imaging Process
Computer-Aided Design
Computer Animation
Motion Capture and Performance Animation: Digital Puppets
Visual Effects for "Titanic"
Summary
Optical Recording, Communication, and Photonics
Optical Storage and the Compact Disc
Recordable Compact Discs
DVD
DVD for Movies and Video
DVD for Computers
DVD for Audio
Optical Communication
Optical Computing
Optical Scanners
Holographic Memories
The Mouse
The Future of Photonics
Summary
Symmetry in Art and Nature
Translational Symmetry
Rotational Symmetry
Reflection Symmetry
Inversion Symmetry
Snowflakes
Right-Hand and Left-Hand Symmetry
Chirality and Life
Spirals and Propellers
Symmetry and Conservation Laws
Symmetry of Tiles
Border Art: Classes of Translational Symmetry
Decorative Patterns: Classes of Planar Symmetry
Summary
Visual Perception and Illusions
Visual Illusions
Everyday Illusions
Classifying Illusions
Ambiguous Figures
Distortion Illusions
Impossible Figures
The Grand Illusion: How Artists Produce a Sense of Depth
Aerial Perspective and Rayleigh Scattering
Shadows and Illumination
The Magic of Linear Perspective
The Use of Depth Cues: From the Sublime to the Impossible
Summary
Numerical Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises
Standard International (SI) Units of Measurement
Scientific or Exponential Notation
Mathematical Helps
Graphs
Glossary
Materials in Paintings
Analysis of Art Using Physics and Chemistry
Conservation and Restoration of Art
Laboratory Experiments
Exploring Color
Shadows and Light Rays
Waves on a Coiled Spring (Slinky)
Transverse and Longitudinal Waves in One Dimension
Standing Waves on a Wire
Waves in Two Dimensions (Ripple Tank)
Law of Reflection and Plane Mirrors
Construct a Kaleidoscope
Image Formation by Concave Mirrors
Refraction and Total Internal Reflection
Converging Lens
Simple Magnifier and Telescope
Diffraction and Interference of Water Waves
Diffraction Grating
Diffraction from Tracks of a Compact Disc
Michelson Interferometer
Spectrum Analysis with a Prism Spectrometer
Spectrum Analysis with a Diffraction Grating
Exploration of Polarized Light
Color Perception
Mixing Pigments: Subtractive Color Mixing
Making a Reflection Hologram
Making a Transmission Hologram
Making a Cylindrical Hologram
Holographic Images
Exploring a Single-Use Camera with Built-In Flash
Field of View and Depth of Field of a Camera Lens
Symmetry Exploration
Name Index
Subject Index
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