Stellar Interiors Physical Principles, Structure, and Evolution

ISBN-10: 0387200894
ISBN-13: 9780387200897
Edition: 2nd 2004 (Revised)
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Description: This text, designed for beginning students of stellar physics, introduces the fundamentals of stellar structure and evolution. In emphasizing the general picture of the life cycles of stars and the physics responsible, it also allows prospective  More...

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Book details

List price: $104.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 2/26/2004
Binding: Mixed Media
Pages: 526
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

This text, designed for beginning students of stellar physics, introduces the fundamentals of stellar structure and evolution. In emphasizing the general picture of the life cycles of stars and the physics responsible, it also allows prospective specialists a taste of many of the detailed aspects of this mature discipline. The authors develop a solid foundation in important theory that is often overlooked in typical courses, yet steer clear of extraneous intensive mathematics and physics. Topics include nuclear physics and stellar energy sources, the equation of state of stellar material, phenomenological approaches to convection, and modern numerical techniques for computation of stellar evolution. Keeping pace with recent developments, the authors incorporate important elements such as asteroseismology, and the effects of rotation and magnetic fields.The text contains the source code for two useful programs, ZAMS (for constructing chemically homogeneous zero-age main sequence models) and PULS (to study the seismological properties of the ZAMS models). Some chapters include exercises. The diskette can be used on any computer with a FORTRAN compiler.

Preliminaries
Hydrostatic Equilibrium
An Energy Principle
The Virial Theorem and Its Applications
Application: Global Energetics
Application: The Kelvin-Helmholtz Time Scale
Application: A Dynamic Time Scale
Application: Estimates of Stellar Temperatures
Application: Another Dynamic Time Scale
The Constant-Density Model
Calculation of Molecular Weights
The Temperature Distribution
Energy Generation and Transport
Stellar Dimensional Analysis
Evolutionary Lifetimes on the Main Sequence
The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
Summary Remarks
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
An Overview of Stellar Evolution
Young Stellar Objects (YSOs)
The Zero-Age Main Sequence (ZAMS)
Life on the Main Sequence
Brown Dwarfs
Leaving the Main Sequence
Cluster HR Diagrams
Cluster and Galactics Ages
Mass Loss From Massive Stars
Red Giants and Supergiants
Helium Flash or Fizzle
Helium Core Burning
Helium Core Exhaustion
Asymptotic Giant Branch
Later Phases, Initial Masses <$>{\cal M} \leq 6-10 {\cal M}_\odot<$>
A Bit About White Dwarfs
Advanced Phases, Initial Masses <$>{\cal M} \ge 6-10 {\cal M}_\odot<$>
Core Collapse and Nucleosynthesis
Abundances and Nucleosynthesis
Variable Stars: A Brief Overview
Eclipsing and Ellipsoidal Variables
Spotted, Rotating Stars
T Tauri Stars, FU Orionis Stars (FUORs), and Luminous Blue Variables
Last Helium Flash and Formation of Atmospheric Dust
Pulsational Variables
Explosive Variables
Novae
Supernovae
SN1987A
SN Type I
SN Remnants
White Dwarfs, Neutron Stars, and Black Holes
Binary Stars
Types of Binaries
The Roche Geometry
Formation and Early Evolution
The First Mass Transfer Phase and its Consequences
Systems With One Compact Component
The Second Phase of Mass Transfer
Binaries With Two Compact Components
Star Formation
Supplemental Material
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
Equations of State
Distribution Functions
Blackbody Radiation
Ideal Monatomic Gas
The Saha Equation
Fermi-Dirac Equations of State
The Completely Degenerate Gas
Application to White Dwarfs
Effects of Temperature on Degeneracy
""Almost Perfect"" Equations of State
Adiabatic Exponents and Other Derivatives
Keeping the Composition Fixed
Specific Heats
Adiabatic Exponents
Mixtures of Ideal Gases and Radiation
Mixtures of Degenerate and Ideal Gases
Allowing for Chemical Reactions
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
Radiative and Conductive Heat Transfer
Radiative Transfer
The Diffusion Equation
A Brief Diversion into ""&#8711;s""
A Simple Atmosphere
Radiative Opacity Sources
Electron Scattering
Free-Free Absorption
Bound-Free and Bound-Bound Absorption
H Opacity and Others
Heat Transfer by Conduction
Tabulated Opacities
Some Observed Spectra
Line Profiles and the Curve of Growth
The Lorentz Profile
Doppler Broadening
Curve of Growth
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
Heat Transfer by Convection
The Mixing Length Theory
Criteria for Convection
Radiative Leakage
The Equation of Motion
Convective Efficiencies and Time Scales
Convective Fluxes
Calculations in the MLT
Numeric Examples
Variations on the MLT
Beyond the MLT
Semiconvection
Hydrodynamic Calculations
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
Stellar Energy Sources
Gravitational Energy Sources
Thermonuclear Energy Sources
Preliminaries
Nuclear Energetics
Astrophysical Thermonuclear Cross Sections and Reaction Rates
Nonresonant Reaction Rates
Example: The <sup>12</sup>C(p, �)<sup>13</sup>N Reaction
Resonant Reaction Rates
Other Forms of Reaction Rates
Neutron Capture and the S-Process
Weak Interactions
The Proton-Proton Reaction
Special Effects
The Proton-Proton Chains
Deuterium and Lithium Burning
The Carbon-Nitrogen-Oxygen Cycles
Helium-Burning Reactions
Carbon, Neon, and Oxygen Burning
Silicon ""Burning""
Neutrino Emission Mechanisms
Pair Annihilation Neutrinos
Photoneutrinos and Bremsstrahlung Neutrinos
Plasma Neutrinos
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
Stellar Modeling
The Equations of Stellar Structure
Polytropic Equations of State and Polytropes
General Properties of Polytropes
Numerical Calculation of the Lane-Emden Functions
Shooting for a Solution
The Fitting Method
The U-V Plane
Newton-Raphson or ""Henyey"" Methods
Eigenvalue Problems and the Henyey Method
Dynamic Problems
The Eddington Standard Model
Applications to Zero-Temperature White Dwarfs
The Approach to Real Models
Central Expansions
The Radiative Stellar Envelope
The Structure of the Envelope
The Radiative Temperature Structure
Completely Convective Stars
A Question of Entropy
Application to Pre-Main Sequence Evolution
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
Asteroseismology
Adiabatic Radial Pulsations
The Linear Adiabatic Wave Equation
Some Examples
Asymptotic Analysis
Nonadiabatic Radial Motions
The Quasi-Adiabatic Approximation
The �- and �-Mechanisms
The Epstein Weight Function and Cepheids
Nonadiabaticity and the Cepheid Strip
A Footnote on Nonlinear Modeling
An Introduction to Nonradial Oscillations
Linearization of the Hydrodynamic Equations
Separation of the Pulsation Equations
Properties of the Solutions
Mode Classification
The Eigenfunctions
The Inverse Problem and Rotation
Probing for Internal Rotation
Solid Stars?!
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
Structure and Evolution of the Sun
Vital Statistics of the Sun
From the ZAMS to the Present
The Sun on the ZAMS
Evolution From the ZAMS
The Present-Day Sun
The Solar Neutrino ""Problem""
The Role of Rotation in Evolution
von Zeipel's Paradox
Rotational Mixing of Stellar Interiors
Helioseismology
Observed and Predicted Pulsation Frequencies
Helioseismology and the Solar Interior
Structural Inversions
Rotational Inversions
References and Suggested Readings
Structure and Evolution of White Dwarfs
Observed Properties of White Dwarfs
White Dwarf Evolution
Cooling of White Dwarfs
Realistic Evolutionary Calculations
The Magnetic White Dwarfs
Magnetic Field Decay
The Variable White Dwarfs
The Observed Variables
White Dwarf Seismology
White Dwarfs and the Whole Earth Telescope
Exercises
References and Suggested Readings
Mini Stellar Glossary
Table of Symbols and Physical Constants
List of Journal Abbreviations
Index

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