Sociology of Mental Health and Illness

ISBN-10: 0335215831
ISBN-13: 9780335215836
Edition: 3rd 2005 (Revised)
List price: $53.00
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Description: Providing a clear overview of the major aspects of the sociology of mental health and illness, this text draws on a range of social theories and methods to illustrate its points, and information is organised along dimensions of class, race, etc.

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Book details

List price: $53.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Publication date: 7/1/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 296
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

Providing a clear overview of the major aspects of the sociology of mental health and illness, this text draws on a range of social theories and methods to illustrate its points, and information is organised along dimensions of class, race, etc.

David Pilgrim is Professor of Health and Social Policy, Department of Sociology,nbsp;Social Policy and Criminology at the University of Liverpool, UK. After trainingnbsp;and working as a clinical psychologist he completed a PhD examining psychotherapynbsp;in the organisational setting of the British NHS. He then went on thenbsp;complete a Master's in sociology. He has worked at the boundary between clinicalnbsp;psychology and medical sociology for the past twenty years and has produced overnbsp;60 articles in peer-reviewed journals, based upon his research into mental healthnbsp;policy and practice. His years working in the British NHS provided him withnbsp;extensive everyday experience of the theoretical and policy aspects of mentalnbsp;health expressed in practical settings. One his books, A Sociology of Mental Healthnbsp;and Illness (3rd edition, Open University Press, 2005), co-authored with Annenbsp;Rogers, won the British Medical Association's medical book of the year award fornbsp;2006. Currently he is writing a book on critical realism and mental healthnbsp;(Routledge, 2014) and is co-editing (with John Hall) a book on the history ofnbsp;British clinical psychology for the British Psychological Society. This will commemoratenbsp;the fiftieth anniversary in 2015 of the establishment in the latter of thenbsp;Division of Clinical Psychology.

After graduating in Social Sciences (Sociology and Social Policy) from the Polytechnic of Central London in 1984, I undertook an M.Sc in Sociology as Applied to Medicine at Bedford College, University of London. I then gained employment as a research officer in the Legal Department of National Mind, exploring the implementation of Section 136 of the Mental Health Act where I became interested in a broad range of mental health issues including civil commiment, coercion, drug treatments and user involvement. During that time I undertook a part-time Phd at the University of Nottingham exploring notions of profesional dominance applied to policing and psychiatry. Between 1985-90 I was a a member and then Chair of a Community Health Council in South London. I worked for a while as a free lance and contract researcher for the National Youth Burea and undertook part-time tutoring at various London Universities and medical schools until I was appointed to a full time sociology lecturing post at the Roehampton Institute University in 1989. I taught medical sociology, research methods and underook research exploring users experiences of psychiatric services. In 1994 I moved to the North West and joined the University of Manchester, the School of Primary Care and the National Primary Care Research & Development Centre. In 2001 I was promoted to my present position as Professor of the Sociology of Health Care. I was elected an Academician of the Academy of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences in 2009 and in 2010 was appointed an NIHR Senior Investigator.

Preface to the third edition
Acknowledgements
Perspectives on mental health and illness
Chapter overview
The perspectives outwith sociology
Psychiatry
Psychoanalysis
Psychology
The statistical notion
The ideal notion
The presence of specific behaviours
Distorted cognitions
The legal framework
Conclusion about the perspectives outwith sociology
The perspectives within sociology
Social causation
Critical theory
Social constructivism
Social realism
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
Stigma revisited and lay representations of mental health problems
Chapter overview
Lay views of psychological differences
Stereotyping and stigma
Intelligibility
Competence and credibility
Does labelling matter?
The role of the mass media
Social exclusion and discrimination
Social capital, social disability and social exclusion
Conclusion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
Social class and mental health
Chapter overview
The general relationship between social class and health status
The relationship between social class and diagnosed mental illness
Social class, social capital and neighbourhood
The relationship between poverty and mental health status
Labour market disadvantage and mental health
Housing and mental health
Social class and mental health professionalism
Lay views about mental health and social class
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
Women and men
Chapter overview
The over-representation of women in psychiatric diagnosis
Does society cause excessive female mental illness?
Vulnerability factors
Provoking agents
Symptom-formation factors
Is female over-representation a measurement artefact?
Sex differences in help-seeking behaviour
Are women labelled as mentally ill more often than men?
The effects of labelling secondary deviance - women and minor tranquillizers
Men, dangerousness and mental health services
Gender and sexuality
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
Race and ethnicity
Chapter overview
Theoretical presuppositions about race
Race and health
The epidemiology of mental health, race and ethnicity
Methodological cautions about findings
Type of service contact
Disproportionate coercion
Black people's conduct and attributions of madness - some summary points
Asian women and the somatization thesis
Irish people and psychiatry
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
Age and ageing
Chapter overview
Emotions and primary socialization
Sociology, childhood and mental health
Childhood sexual abuse and mental health problems
Social competence in adulthood
Dementia and depression in older people
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
The mental health professions
Chapter overview
Theoretical frameworks in the sociology of the professions
The neo-Durkheimian framework
The neo-Weberian framework
Social closure
Professional dominance
The neo-Marxian framework
Eclecticism and post-structuralism
Mental health professionals and other social actors
Sociology and the mental health professions
Eclecticism and post-structuralism
The neo-Weberian approach
Symbolic interactionism
The influence of the sociology of deviance
The influence of the sociology of knowledge
The influence of feminist sociology
The impact of legislative arrangements and service redesign
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
The treatment of people with mental health problems
Chapter overview
Therapeutics
A brief social history of psychiatric treatment
Criticisms of psychiatric treatment
Why have physical treatments tended to predominate?
Minor tranquillizers
Major tranquillizers
Antidepressants
Psychological therapies
Why is there a problem of legitimacy about the effectiveness of psychiatric treatment?
The moral sense of 'treatment'
Who is psychiatry's client?
The question of informed choice
Insight
The morality of others
Comprehensive and comprehensible information
Coercion
Specifiable actions
The social distribution of treatment
The impact of evidence-based practice on treatment
Disputed evidence about ECT
Users' views as evidence in service research
Tackling social exclusion as a focus of treatment
Governmentality and self-help
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
The organization of mental health work
Chapter overview
The sociology of the hospital
The rise of the asylum
The crisis of the asylum
Responses to the crisis
The 'pharmacological revolution'
Economic determinism
Changes in the organization of medicine: a shift to acute problems and primary care
Community care and reinstitutionalization
Public health, primary care and the new technology revolution
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
Psychiatry and legal control
Chapter overview
Legal versus medical control of madness
Mentally disordered offenders
The problematic status of personality disorder
The persistence of a problematic concept: the case of 'dangerous and severe personality disorder'
Socio-legal aspects of compulsion
The globalization of compulsion
Professional interests and legislation
Dangerousness
Violence and mental disorder
Suicide and mental disorder
Impact on patients of their risky image
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
Users of mental health services
Chapter overview
The diffuse concept of service use
Relatives or 'significant others'
Users as patients
The disregarding by researchers of those users' views that do not coincide with the views of mental health professionals
The notion that psychiatric patients are continually irrational and so incapable of giving a valid view
Patients and relatives are assumed to share the same perspective, and where they do not, the views of the former are disregarded by researchers
Framing patient views in terms which suit professionals
Users as consumers
Literature on psychiatric patient satisfaction and dissatisfaction
Users as survivors
The phenomenology of surviving the psychiatric system
Survivors as a type of new social movement
Users as providers
The tension between advising, providing and campaigning
Discussion
Questions
For discussion
Further reading
References
Index

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