Introductory Chemistry Concepts and Critical Thinking

ISBN-10: 0321663055
ISBN-13: 9780321663054
Edition: 6th 2011
Author(s): Charles H. Corwin
Description: More than a textbook,Introductory Chemistry: Concepts and Critical Thinking, Sixth Edition is a comprehensive learning system that offers print and media resources as well as an extensive study area available in MasteringChemistry®. Unlike other  More...
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List Price: $175.20
Edition: 6th
Copyright Year: 2011
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication Date: 1/3/2010
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 800
Size: 9.00" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 3.828
Language: English

More than a textbook,Introductory Chemistry: Concepts and Critical Thinking, Sixth Edition is a comprehensive learning system that offers print and media resources as well as an extensive study area available in MasteringChemistry®. Unlike other introductory chemistry texts, all the materials are coherently integrated including the textbook, student solutions manual, laboratory manual, instructor's manual and test item file. To help students learn chemical skills and concepts more effectively, Corwin highlights the connection between key concepts and key problem-solving skills through critical thinking. Math and problem solving are covered early in the text; Corwin builds student confidence and ability through innovative pedagogy and technology formulated to meet student needs. This revision retains all the strengths of the previous editions, while adding emphasis on conceptual understanding and critical thinking.

Introduction to Chemistry
Evolution of Chemistry
Critical Thinking Rise and Fall of a Theory
Modern Chemistry
Chemistry Connection "Worth your Salt?"
Learning Chemistry
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Scientific Measurements
Uncertainty in Measurements
Significant Digits
Rounding Off Nonsignificant Digits
Adding and Subtracting Measurements
Multiplying and Dividing Measurements
Exponential Numbers
Scientific Notation
Chemistry Connection A Student Success Story
Unit Equations and Unit Factors
Unit Analysis Problem Solving
Critical Thinking World Trade Center
The Percent Concept
Chemistry Connection the Coinage Metals
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
The Metric System
Basic Units and Symbols
Chemistry Connection Nanotechnology
Metric Conversion Factors
Metric���Metric Conversions
Metric���English Conversions
Chemistry Connection the Olympics
Volume by Calculation
Volume by Displacement
The Density Concept
Critical Thinking Lower Gasoline Bills
Temperature
Heat and Specific Heat
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Matter and Energy
Physical States of Matter
Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures
Names and Symbols of the Elements
Critical Thinking Aluminum or Aluminium?
Metals, Nonmetals, and Semimetals
Chemistry Connection Elements 104 and Beyond
Compounds and Chemical Formulas
Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical and Chemical Changes
Conservation of Mass
Potential and Kinetic Energy
Conservation of Energy
Chemistry Connection Recycling Aluminum
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Models of the Atom
Dalton Model of the Atom
Chemistry Connection John Dalton
Thomson Model of the Atom
Rutherford Model of the Atom
Atomic Notation
Atomic Mass
Chemistry Connection Heavy Water
The Wave Nature of Light
The Quantum Concept
Bohr Model of the Atom
Critical Thinking Neon Lights
Energy Levels and Sublevels
Electron Configuration
Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
The Periodic Table
Classification of Elements
Chemistry Connection Dmitri Mendeleev
The Periodic Law Concept
Groups and Periods of Elements
Critical Thinking IUPAC Group Numbers
Periodic Trends
Properties of Elements
Blocks of Elements
Valence Electrons
Electron Dot Formulas
Ionization Energy
Ionic Charges
Chemistry Connection Evolution of Chemical Elements
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Language of Chemistry
Classification of Compounds
Chemistry Connection Antoine and Marie Lavoisier
Monoatomic Ions
Polyatomic Ions
Writing Chemical Formulas
Critical Thinking Nutritional Potassium
Binary Ionic Compounds
Ternary Ionic Compounds
Binary Molecular Compounds
Binary Acids
Ternary Oxyacids
Chemistry Connection IUPAC Nomenclature
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Chemical Reactions
Evidence for Chemical Reactions
Chemistry Connection Fireworks
Writing Chemical Equations
Balancing Chemical Equations
Classifying Chemical Reactions
Combination Reactions
Decomposition Reactions
The Activity Series Concept
Single-Replacement Reactions
Solubility Rules
Double-Replacement Reactions
Neutralization Reactions
Critical Thinking Household Chemicals
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
The Mole Concept
Avogadro's Number
Chemistry Connection Analogies for Avogadro's Number
Mole Calculations I
Molar Mass
Mole Calculations II
Molar Volume
Mole Calculations III
Percent Composition
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
Critical Thinking Avogadro's Number
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Chemical Equation Calculations
Interpreting a Chemical Equation
Mole���Mole Relationships
Critical Thinking Iron vs. Steel
Types of Stoichiometry Problems
Mass���Mass Problems
Mass���Volume Problems
Volume���Volume Problems
Chemistry Connection Manufacturing Ammonia
The Limiting Reactant Concept
Limiting Reactant Problems
Percent Yield
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
The Gaseous State
Properties of Gases
Chemistry Connection the Greenhouse Effect
Atmospheric Pressure
Variables Affecting Gas Pressure
Boyle's Law: Pressure���Volume Relationships
Chemistry Connection Robert Boyle
Charles's Law: Volume���Temperature Relationships
Gay���Lussac's Law: Pressure���Temperature Relationships
Combined Gas Law
The Vapor Pressure Concept
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
Ideal Gas Behavior
Ideal Gas Law
Critical Thinking Conceptualizing Gases
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Chemical Bonding
The Chemical Bond Concept
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Electron Dot Formulas of Molecules
Electron Dot Formulas of Polyatomic Ions
Polar Covalent Bonds
Chemistry Connection Linus Pauling
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
Coordinate Covalent Bonds
Hydrogen Bonds
Shapes of Molecules
Critical Thinking Diamond vs. Graphite
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Liquids and Solids
Properties of Liquids
The Intermolecular Bond Concept
Vapor Pressure, Boiling Point, Viscosity
Surface Tension
Properties of Solids
Crystalline Solids
Changes of Physical State
Structure of Water
Chemistry Connection Water Purification
Physical Properties of Water
Chemical Properties of Water
Hydrates
Critical Thinking Bottled Water
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Solutions
Gases in Solution
Liquids in Solution
Solids in Solution
Chemistry Connection Colloids
The Dissolving Process
Rate of Dissolving
Solubility and Temperature
Unsaturated, Saturated, and Supersaturated Solutions
Mass/Mass Percent Concentration
Molar Concentration
Critical Thinking Water Fluoridation
Dilution of a Solution
Solution Stoichiometry
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Acids and Bases
Properties of Acids and Bases
Arrhenius Acids and Bases
Chemistry Connection Svante Arrhenius
Brinsted���Lowry Acids and Bases
Acid���Base Indicators
Acid���Base Titrations
Acid���Base Standardization
Ionization of Water
The pH Concept
Advanced pH Calculations
Critical Thinking Acid Rain
Strong and Weak Electrolytes
Net Ionic Equations
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Chemical Equilibrium
Collision Theory
Energy Profiles of Chemical Reactions
The Chemical Equilibrium Concept
Chemistry Connection the Ozone Hole
General Equilibrium Constant, Keq
Equilibria Shifts for Gases
Ionization Equilibrium Constant, Ki
Equilibria Shifts for Weak Acids and Bases
Solubility Product Equilibrium Constant, Ksp
Equilibria Shifts for Slightly Soluble Compounds
Summary
Key Concepts
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Oxidation and Reduction
Oxidation Numbers
Oxidation���Reduction Reactions
Balancing Redox Equations
Oxidation Number Method
Balancing Redox Equations
Half���Reaction Method
Predicting Spontaneous Redox Reactions
Voltaic Cells
Electrolytic Cells
Chemistry Connection Hybrid Vehicles
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Nuclear Chemistry
Natural Radioactivity
Nuclear Equations
Radioactive Decay Series
Radioactive Half���Life
Applications of Radionuclides
Critical Thinking Nuclear Medicine
Induced Radioactivity
Nuclear Fission
Chemistry Connection Nuclear Power Plant
Nuclear Fusion
Summary
Key Concepts
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Alkanes
Alkenes and Alkynes
Arenes
Hydrocarbon Derivatives
Organic Halides
Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
Amines
Aldehydes and Ketones
Carboxylic Acids, Esters, and Amides
Chemistry Connection Forensic Chemistry
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Biochemistry
Biological Compounds
Proteins
Enzymes
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Chemistry Connection Vitamins
Nucleic Acids
Critical Thinking Left- and Right-Handed Molecules
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Chapter Self-Test
Appendices
Weights and Measures
Physical Constants
Activity Series of Metals
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Vapor Pressure of Water
Properties of Water
Answers to Concept Exercises
Answers to Key Term Exercises
Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises
Answers to Chapter Self-Tests
Glossary
Photo Credits
Index

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