Role of Police in American Society A Documentary History

ISBN-10: 0313301646
ISBN-13: 9780313301643
Edition: 1999
List price: $72.00 Buy it from $13.60
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Description: From the night watchmen of the 17th century to the highly publicized Rodney King hearings, the history and development of police policy and the role of police in American society are traced through this collection of 95 primary documents. Students,  More...

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Book details

List price: $72.00
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, LLC
Publication date: 5/30/1999
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 360
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

From the night watchmen of the 17th century to the highly publicized Rodney King hearings, the history and development of police policy and the role of police in American society are traced through this collection of 95 primary documents. Students, teachers, and interested readers can use this valuable resource to examine the development and role of the police in the United States through the words of the people who were involved in the struggle to enforce laws, uphold the Constitution, maintain safe and stable communities, and create efficient and effective police forces. An explanatory introduction precedes each document to aid the user in understanding the economic, political, social, and legislative forces that helped shape the role of the police in our society. Riots, strikes, commission reports, innovations, groundbreaking studies, and major court cases from different time periods are presented in a balanced manner. This volume is divided into seven parts, each part representing a different time period in which the roles of the police were being redefined. Vila and Morris present the reader with theories from different professionals on what the role of the police should be and how to develop these roles, as well as presenting successful and unsuccessful models to help readers draw their own conclusions.

Series Foreword
Preface
Introduction
Significant Dates in the History of the Police in America
Night Watchmen, Constables, and Sheriffs: The Role of Early "Police" in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century America
The Boston Night Watch (April 1631)
The Duke of York's Laws (1675-1775)
A Bill Concerning the Choice of Constables (1684)
The Constables Pocket-Book (Nicholas Boone, 1710)
Benjamin Franklin on the 1737 Philadelphia Night Watch
Southern Slave Patrols as a Precursor to Contemporary Police Forces (1704-circa 1861)
The Regulators (1767)
The Bill of Rights (1791)
The Fourth Amendment
The Fifth Amendment
The Sixth Amendment
Rangers, Marshals, and Municipal Police Forces: The Role of the Police in the Nineteenth Century
The Texas Rangers (1823-)
Metropolitan Police Act (London, 1829)
Excerpts from "An Act for Improving the Police in and Near the Metropolis"
London Times Article on the New Police
The New York City Police (1845)
"The Police Uniform" (1854)
Allan Pinkerton and Private Policing (1867)
First National Police Convention (1871)
The Role of the Indian Police in the Western Territories (John P. Clum, 1875)
Hopt v. Utah (1884)
Recollections of a New York Chief of Police (George W. Walling, 1887)
Our Police (George M. Roe, 1890)
Police Matrons (1890)
William S. Seavey and the National Chiefs of Police Union (1893-1895)
"Improvements in Police Work" (W. J. McKelvey, 1896)
Theodore Roosevelt and the New York Police (1895-1897)
The Role of United States Marshals in the Western Territories (1898)
The Nineteenth-Century Town Marshal
Police Reform and Social and Technological Advances in The Early Twentieth Century
Police Administration (Leonhard Felix Fuld, 1909)
"The Automobile as a Police Department Adjunct" (J. H. Haager, 1909)
"A History of the 'Sweat Box' and 'Third Degree'" (Richard Sylvester, 1910)
Alice Stebbins Wells (1910)
Los Angeles Times Article Announcing Wells' Appointment
Good Housekeeping Magazine Article About Wells
"Police Regulation of Motor Vehicles" (C. E. Sebastian, 1911)
"Troubles of a Black Policeman" (1912)
Weeks v. United States (1914)
Policeman and Public (Arthur Woods, 1919)
"The Policeman as a Social Worker" (August Vollmer, 1919)
The Boston Police Strike (1919)
Governor Coolidge's Response to the Strike (1)
President Wilson's Response to the Strike
Governor Coolidge's Response to the Strike (2)
American Police Systems (Raymond B. Fosdick, 1920)
Race Relations and the Police in Chicago (1922)
"Adding Policemen to the List of Those Who Know How to Shoot" (1923)
Carroll et al. v. United States (1925)
Opinion of the Court
Dissenting Opinion
J. Edgar Hoover (1925)
"Radio in Police Work" (William P. Rutledge, 1929)
"Our Inefficient Police" (Howard McLellan, 1929)
"Municipal Police Administration" (Bruce Smith, 1929)
A Growing Emphasis on Police Training, Professionalism, Efficiency, and Ethics, 1930-1959
Uniform Crime Reporting (1930)
Report on Police (Wickersham Commission, 1931)
Summary of the Report on Police Written by the Wickersham Commission
Conclusions Reached by Garrett, Monroe, and Vollmer in Their Report on Police
Our Lawless Police (Ernest Jerome Hopkins, 1931)
A Cop Remembers (Cornelius W. Willemse, 1933)
Brown et al. v. Mississippi (1936)
FBI National Police Academy (J. Edgar Hoover, 1937)
"FBI Pledge for Law Enforcement Officers" (1937)
Chambers et al. v. Florida (1940)
Police Unions and Other Police Organizations (1944)
Police Administration (O. W. Wilson, 1950)
Los Angeles Police Chief William H. Parker (1954)
"Law Enforcement Code of Ethics" (IACP, 1957)
Social Change and Conflicting Expectations of the Police Role, 1960-1978
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
Opinion of the Court
Dissenting Opinion
Policewoman's Manual (Lois Lundell Higgins, 1961)
The Police Role in Racial Conflicts (Juby E. Towler, 1964)
Police Unionization (1965)
Governor's Commission on the Los Angeles Riots (1965)
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Opinion of the Court
Dissenting Opinion
U.S. Task Force Report on the Police (1967)
Terry v. Ohio (1968)
Opinion of the Court
Dissenting Opinion
The Kerner Report (1968)
The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968
Varieties of Police Behavior (James Q. Wilson, 1968)
Police Power (Paul Chevigny, 1969)
"The Role of the Police in Modern Society" (T. A. Fleek and T. J. Newnam, 1969)
"The Capacity to Use Force as the Core of the Police Role" (Egon Bittner, 1970)
The Knapp Commission Report on Police Corruption (1972)
The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment (George L. Kelling et al., 1974)
"A Professor's 'Street Lessons'" (George L. Kirkham 1974)
"Law Enforcement and Affirmative Action" (Samuel L. Williams, 1975)
Patrick V. Murphy (1977)
The Quality of Police Education (Lawrence W. Sherman et al., 1978)
Reexamining and Redefining the Role of the Police, 1979-1989
"Improving Policing: A Problem-Oriented Approach" (Herman Goldstein, 1979)
"Always Prepared: Police Off-Duty Guns" (James J. Fyfe, 1980)
The Concept of "Depolicing" (Donald Black and M. P. Baumgartner, 1980)
"Broken Windows" (James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling, 1982)
"The Evolving Role of Women in American Policing" (Edith Linn and Barbara Raffel Price, 1985)
Tennessee v. Garner et al. (1985)
Opinion of the Court
Dissenting Opinion
Malley et al. v. Briggs (1986)
Opinion of the Court
Dissenting Opinion
Private Employment of Public Police (Albert J. Reiss, Jr., 1988)
"Community Policing: A Report from the Devil's Advocate" (David H. Bayley, 1988)
The Role of the Police in the 1990s
The Police Mystique (Anthony V. Bouza, 1990)
Police Role Strain and Role Conflict (A. Daniel Yarmey, 1990)
The "Law Enforcement Code of Ethics" (revised version, 1991) and the "Police Code of Conduct" (1991)
The Rodney King Beating and the Christopher Commission Report (1991)
The Los Angeles Riot and Its Impact on Police-Community Relations (Karen Grigsby Bates, 1992)
"The Cops' Code of Silence" (Bryan Vila, 1992)
"The New Policing: Confronting Complexity" (Herman Goldstein, 1993)
Police for the Future (David H. Bayley, 1994)
"A Theory of Excessive Force and Its Control" (Carl B. Klockars, 1996)
"Ethics and Police Integrity: Some Definitions and Questions for Study" (Stephen J. Vicchio, 1996)
"The Thin Blue and Pink Line" (Lisa Shores, 1997)
"A Time to Remember" (Darrell L. Sanders, 1997)
Glossary
Selected U.S. Supreme Court Cases
Selected Police-Related Groups, Organizations, and Web Sites
Select Bibliography
Index

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