Elements of Argument A Text and Reader

ISBN-10: 0312480474
ISBN-13: 9780312480479
Edition: 9th 2009
List price: $72.99
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Description: Elements of Argumentwas the first text based on the accessible Toulmin model the model of argument that fits best with the methods and goals of college composition. It combines a thorough argument text on critical thinking, reading, writing, and  More...

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Book details

List price: $72.99
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Bedford/Saint Martin's
Publication date: 7/1/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 864
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.266
Language: English

Elements of Argumentwas the first text based on the accessible Toulmin model the model of argument that fits best with the methods and goals of college composition. It combines a thorough argument text on critical thinking, reading, writing, and research with an extensive reader on both current and timeless controversial issues.Elements of Argumentpresents everything students need to analyze, research, and write arguments. The clearest writing and research coverage of any argument textbook has been re-invigorated to make it is even more accessible. And it now has array of provocative new topics, such as body image, terrorism and justice, and free speech all to help students stake their claim in argument.

Understanding Argument
Understanding the Structure of Argument
The Nature of Argument
X-Ray Tests Both Security, Privacy
Airport Screeners Could See X-Rated X-Rays
Freedom to Live Trumps All!
Practice
Why Study Argument?
The Terms of Argument
The Claim
Practice
The Support
The Warrant
Practice
Writer's Guide: Learning the Key Terms
The Audience
Sample Analysis
Will the Politics of Teen Sex Stop a Cancer Vaccine?
Advocates for Youth
Assignments for Understanding the Structure of Argument
Why U.S. Health Care Costs Aren't Too High
Reading and Listening Critically
Responding as a Critical Reader
Writer's Guide: General Reading Strategies
Practice
The Declaration of Independence
Comprehending Argument
Writer's Guide: Strategies for Comprehending Arguments
Sex and the Cinema
Practice
Evaluating Arguments
Writer's Guide: Strategies for Evaluating Arguments
Sample Analysis
The Gettysburg Address
Lincoln's Logic
Practice
Responding as a Writer
Sample Annotated Essay
No-Win Situations
Writer's Guide: Annotating a Text
Practice
'Freak Dancing': If Only It Stopped There
Responding as a Critical Listener
Writer's Guide: Guidelines for Critical Listening
Assignments for Reading and Listening Critically
Reading Visual Texts Critically
Responding to a Visual Argument
Practice
Practice
Cease Fire [advertisement]
Sample Analysis of an Advertisement
We Can Not Tell a Lie
Sample Analysis of a Web Site
The Hungersite.com [Web site]
Responding Online
Guidelines for Responding Online
Assignments for Reading Visual Texts Critically
Writing about Argument
Writing the Claim
Practice
Let's Have No More Monkey Trials
Planning the Structure
Sample Essays With Analysis
Is There a Torturous Road to Justice?
Alan Dershowitz's Tortuous Torturous Argument
Using Sentence Forms to Construct an Argument
Providing Support
Summarizing
Paraphrasing
Quoting
Writer's Guide: Incorporating Quotations into Your Text
Practice
Documenting Your Sources
Writer's Guide: Documenting Use of Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotations
Avoiding Plagiarism
Readings for Analysis
Should We Fight Terror with Torture?
Parents Need Help
Warfare: An Invention-Not a Biological Necessity
Debate: How Serious is the Problem of Online Predators?
MySpace and Sex Offenders: What's the problem?
MySpace Is Not Responsible for Predators
Assignments for Writing About Argument
Defining Key Terms
The Purposes of Definition
Defining the Terms in Your Argument
Defining Vague and Ambiguous Terms
Practice
Methods for Defining Terms
Practice
Stipulation
Negation
Examples
Extended Definition
The Definition Essay
Writer's Guide: Writing a Definition Essay
Sample Analysis
The Definition of Terrorism
Readings for Analysis
Race by the Numbers
Family a Symbol of Love and Life, but Not Politics
Don't Torture English to Soft-Pedal Abuse
Debate: Is The Definition of Marriage Changing?
Gay Marriage Shows Why We Need to Separate Church and State
Will It Be Marriage or Civil Union?
Assignments for Understanding Definition
Claims
Claims of Fact
Sufficient and Appropriate Data
Reliable Authorities
Facts or Inferences
Writer's Guide: Defending a Claim of Fact
Sample Annotated Essay: Claim of Fact
A Reassuring Scorecard for Affirmative Action
Practice
Picking Sides for the News
Claims of Value
Writer's Guide: Defending a Claim of Value
Sample Annotated Essay: Claim of Value
Kids in the Mall: Growing Up Controlled
Practice
Crash
Claims of Policy
Writer's Guide: Defending a Claim of Policy
Sample Annotated Essay: Claim of Policy
College Life versus My Moral Code
Readings for Analysis
Supersize Your Child?
'Saw' Good at Tying Things in Knots
Letter from Birmingham Jail
Debate: Under What Circumstances Does the Government have the Right to Seize Personal Property?
One Year Later, Power to Seize Property Ripe for Abuse, USA TODAY
Vital Tool of Last Resort
Assignments for Defending Claims
Providing Support
Types of Support: Evidence and Appeals to Needs and Values
Evidence
Factual Evidence
Opinions: Interpretations of the Facts
Practice
Evaluation of Evidence
Evaluation of Factual Evidence
Evaluation of Statistics
Evaluation of Opinions
When Experts Disagree
Appeals to Needs and Values
Appeals to Needs
Appeals to Values
Evaluation of Appeals to Needs and Values
Writer's Guide: Using Effective Support
Practice
Sample Annotated Essay
Single-Sex Education Benefits Men too
Sample Analysis
The True Costs of S.U.V.'s
The True Confusion about SUV Costs
Safer? Tastier? More Nutritious? The Dubious Merits of Organic Foods
Readings for Analysis
Connecting the Dots . . . to Terrorism
A New Look, an Old Battle
Marriage Plus
DEBATE: Is assuming the role of citizen journalist worth the risk?
Praise for Student's Footage of Virginia Tech Mass Killing
Disaster Photos: Newsworthy or Irresponsible?
Assignments for Providing Support
Analyzing Warrants
What Are Warrants?
Practice
An Unjust Sacrifice
Types of Warrants
Sample Annotated Essay
The Case for Torture
Writer's Guide: Recognizing Warrants
Readings for Analysis
We're All Celebrities in Post-Privacy Age
Newman's Own 100% Grape Juice [advertisement]
Do We Need the Census Race Question?
Civil Disobedience
Debate: Are you Responsible for Your Own Weight?
Absolutely. Government Has No Business Interfering with What You Eat
Not If Blaming the Victim Is Just an Excuse to Let Industry Off the Hook
Assignments for Analyzing Warrants
Avoiding Flawed Logic
Induction
Sample Essay: An Inductive Argument
True or False: Schools Fail Immigrants
Practice
Deduction
Sample Annotated Essay: A Deductive Argument
It's All about Him
Practice
A Note on the Syllogism and the Toulmin Model
Common Fallacies
Writer's Guide: Avoiding Logical Fallacies
Practice
Readings for Analysis
Show Biz Encourages Looser Teen Sex Habits
Food for Thought (and for Credit)
A Modest Proposal
Debate: Should the Federal Government Fund Embryonic Stem-Cell Research?
Use the Body's "Repair Kit": We Must Pursue Research on Embryonic Stem Cells, Christopher Reeve
The Misleading Debate on Stem-Cell Research
Assignments for Avoiding Logical Fallacies
Choosing Fair and Precise Language
The Power of Words
Address to Congress, 8 December 1941
Practice
Connotation
Slanting
Selection, Slanting, and Charged Learning
Practice
Picturesque Language
Concrete and Abstract Language
Short Cuts
Cliches
Slogans
Sample Annotated Essay
Address to the Nation, September 11, 2006
Writer's Guide: Choosing Your Words Carefully
Readings for Analysis
Americans Entitled to Cheap Gas-Right?
$hotgun Weddings
Politics and the English Language
DEBATE: Does the Government Have the Right to Regulate Guns?
The Right to Bear Arms
A God-Given Natural Right
Assignments for Choosing Fair and Precise Language
Researching, Writing, and Presenting Arguments
Planning and Researching an Argumentative Paper
Finding an Appropriate Topic
Invention Strategies
Evaluating Possible Topics
Writer's Guide: Why Use Sources?
Initiating Research
Writer's Guide: Keeping Your Research on Track
Mapping Research: A Sample Outline
Using Sources: Primary Research
Using Sources: Secondary Research
Selecting and Searching Databases
Types of Databases
Encyclopedias
Statistical Resources
Government Publications
Searching the Web
Evaluating Sources
Evaluating Print Sources
Evaluating Web Sources
Evaluating a Web Site: One Example
Taking Notes
Documenting Your Research: MLA System
Documenting Your Research: APA Sources
Writing an Argumentative Paper
Defining the Issues
Case Study: School Uniforms
Organizing Material
Defending the Main Idea
Refuting an Opposing View
Finding the Middle Ground
Presenting the Stock Issues
Ordering Material for Emphasis
Considering Scope and Audience
To This Point
Writing
Beginning the Paper
Guidelines for Good Writing
The MLA System for Citing Sources
Revising
Preparing the Manuscript
Writer's Guide: Checklist for Argumentative Papers
Sample Research Paper (MLA Style)
Thalidomide: Changing a Drug's Reputation
The APA System for Citing Sources
Sample Research Paper (APA Style)
The Controversy over Women in Combat
Presenting an Argument Orally
The Audience
Credibility
Organization
Language
Support
Presentation Aids
Charts, Graphs, Handouts
Audio
Video
Multimedia
Sample Persuasive Speech
Live Longer and Healthier: Stop Eating Meat!
Multiple Viewpoints
How Far Will We Go to Change Our Body Image?
From Body Image and Adolescents
When Is Thin Too Thin?
All to Be Tall
Smooth Operations
How Men Really Feel about Their Bodies
Not too Rich or Too Thin
"Now that we're old . . ." [cartoon]
The Tyranny of the Normal
Thinking and Writing about Body Image
Is Academic Integrity on Our College Campuses under Assault?
Expect, but Respect, Original Work by Students
Battling Term-Paper Cheats
It Takes a Village: Academic Dishonesty and Educational Opportunity
Bulletproof Assessment, War Stories, and Tactics: Avoiding Cybercheating
Universities Strike Back in Battle over Illegal Downloads
RateMyProfessors: Hidden Camera Edition
Playboy Launches Social-Networking Site
Have We Become Too Reliant on Standardized Testing?
Why Can't We Let Boys Be Boys?
Standardized Testing and Its Victims
Standardized Students: The Problems with Writing for Tests Instead of People
Testing Has Raised Students' Expectations, and Progress in Learning Is Evident Nationwide
NCLB's Excessive Reliance on Testing Is Unrealistic, Arbitrary, and Frequently Unfair
Are We Fixing the Wrong Things?
The SAT's Greatest Test: Social, Legal, and Demographic Forces Threaten to Dethrone the Most Widely Used College-Entrance Exam
Are SAT Scores "Worse Than Meaningless"?
Thinking and Writing About Reliance on Standardized Testing
What Is the Role of Sex and Violence in Popular Culture?
Does Watching Sex on Television Influence Teens' Sexual Activity?
Filling Their Minds with Death: TV Violence and Children
Television More Oversexed Than Ever, Study Finds
Cultural Studies and "Forensic Noir"
"Back Away. Slowly" [cartoon]
Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence
A Desensitized Society Drenched in Sleaze
"Dad . . . Is it the entertainment industry's fault that I'm exposed to this? [cartoon]
Gore for Sale
Thinking and Writing about Sex and Violence in Popular Culture
Are Limits on Freedom of Speech Ever Justified?
First Amendment [cartoon]
Student Sues School District for Banning Anti-War T-Shirt
The "Bong Hits 4 Jesus" Student Speech Case: With Kenneth Starr Seeking High Court Review of the Ninth Circuit Decision, Is Someone Blowing Smoke?
The Case Against School Prayer
Why We Need to Abolish the FCC
Freedom of Speech and My Right to Silence at Bath Time
Too Much Coffee Man [cartoon]
Dare Call It Treason
The Imus Fallout: Who Can Say What?
A Case the Scouts Had to Win
Thinking and Writing about The Limits on Freedom of Speech
Why and How Should Immigration Be Controlled?
The Hard Truth of Immigration
A Legacy of the Unforeseen
Don't Bad-Mouth Unskilled Immigrants
Living with Illegals
The Invasion
Alien Nation
Waiting in Limbo, Their Childhood Lost
Lining Up for Citizenship
Rousing the Zealots
Thinking and Writing About Immigration
In the World of Medicine, Who Decides What Is Ethical?
Need an Organ? It Helps to Be Rich
Ethics of Organ Donation
Cancer and the Constitution-Choice at Life's End
Pillow Angel Ethics
"Adoption" of Frozen Embryos a Loaded Term
Doctors' Beliefs Hinder Patient Care
Does Stem Cell Advance Provide an Ethical Out?
How Has Terrorism Affected the American Idea of Justice?
The USA PATRIOT Act: Preserving Life and Liberty, www.lifeandliberty.gov
Surveillance under the USA PATRIOT Act, American Civil Liberties Union
From The PATRIOT Act [H. R. 3162, Sections 213 and 215] The Patriot Act and You
Name Withheld: Harsh Justice for a September 11 Detainee
From The Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War.
The Diplomatic Conference for the Establishment of International Conventions for the Protection of Victims of War
From Prepared Remarks of Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales at the JAG Corps Leadership Summit
Panel Hears about Falsehoods in Two Wartime Incidents
What Abu Ghraib Taught Me
Thinking and Writing About The Effect of Terrorism on the American Way of Life
Glossary of Terms
Index of Subjects
Index of Authors and Titles

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