Abnormal 1974-1975

ISBN-10: 0312424051

ISBN-13: 9780312424053

Edition: 2003 (Revised)

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From 1971 until his death in 1984, Foucault gave public lectures at the world-famous College de France. Attended by thousands, these were seminal events in the world of French letters. Picador is proud to be publishing the lectures in thirteen volumes. The lectures comprising Abnormal begin by examining the role of psychiatry in modern criminal justice, and its method of categorizing individuals who "resemble their crime before they commit it." Building on the themes of societal self-defense in "Society Must Be Defended," Foucault shows how and why defining "abnormality" and "normality" were preorogatives of power in the nineteenth century. The College de France lectures add immeasurably to our appreciation of Foucault's work and offer a unique window into his thinking.
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Book details

List price: $20.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Picador
Publication date: 9/1/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 400
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.012
Language: English

MICHEL FOUCAULT acknowledged as the pre-eminent philosopher of France in the 1970s and 1980s, continues to have enormous impact throughout the world in many disciplines. ARNOLD I. DAVIDSON is the Robert O. Anderson Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Chicago, USAnbsp;and Professor of the History of Political Philosophy at the University of Pisa, Italy. He is co-editor of the volume Michel Foucault: Philosophie . GRAHAM BURCHELL is Translator, and has written essays on Michel Foucault. He is an Editor of The Foucault Effect .

Michel Foucault was born on October 15, 1926, in Poitiers, France, and was educated at the Sorbonne, in Paris. He taught at colleges all across Europe, including the Universities of Lill, Uppsala, Hamburg, and Warsaw, before returning to France. There he taught at the University of Paris and the College of France, where he served as the chairman of History of Systems of Thought until his death. Regarded as one of the great French thinkers of the twentieth century, Foucault's interest was in the human sciences, areas such as psychiatry, language, literature, and intellectual history. He made significant contributions not just to the fields themselves, but to the way these areas are studied, and is particularly known for his work on the development of twentieth-century attitudes toward knowledge, sexuality, illness, and madness. Foucault's initial study of these subjects used an archaeological method, which involved sifting through seemingly unrelated scholarly minutia of a certain time period in order to reconstruct, analyze, and classify the age according to the types of knowledge that were possible during that time. This approach was used in Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, for which Foucault received a medal from France's Center of Scientific Research in 1961, The Birth of the Clinic, The Order of Things, and The Archaeology of Knowledge. Foucault also wrote Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison, a study of the ways that society's views of crime and punishment have developed, and The History of Sexuality, which was intended to be a six-volume series. Before he could begin the final two volumes, however, Foucault died of a neurological disorder in 1984.

Foreword
Introduction
8 January 1975
Expert psychiatric opinion in penal cases
What kind of discourse is the discourse of expert psychiatric opinion?
Discourses of truth and discourses that make one laugh
Legal proof in eighteenth-century criminal law
The reformers
The principle of profound conviction
Extenuating circumstances
The relationship between truth and justice
The grotesque in the mechanism of power
The psychological-moral double of the offense
Expert opinion shows how the individual already resembles his crime before he has committed it
The emergence of the power of normalization
15 January 1975
Madness and crime
Perversity and puerility
The dangerous individual
The psychiatric expert can only have the character of Ubu
The epistemological level of psychiatry and its regression in expert medico-legal opinion
End of the antagonistic relationship between medical power and judicial power
Expert opinion and abnormal individuals (les anormaux)
Criticism of the notion of repression
Exclusion of lepers and inclusion of plague victims
Invention of positive technologies of power
The normal and the pathological
22 January 1975
Three figures that constitute the domain of abnormality: the human monster, the individual to be corrected, the masturbating child
The sexual monster brings together the monstrous individual and the sexual deviant
Historical review of the three figures
Reversal of their historical importance
Sacred embryology and the juridicobiological theory of the monster
Siamese twins
Hermaphrodites: minor cases
The Marie Lemarcis case
The Anne Grandjean case
29 January 1975
The moral monster
Crime in classical law
The spectacle of public torture and execution (la supplice)
Transformation of the mechanisms of power
Disappearance of the ritual expenditure of punitive power
The pathological nature of criminality
The political monster: Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette
The monster in Jacobin literature (the tyrant) and anti-Jacobin literature (the rebellious people)
Incest and cannibalism
5 February 1975
In the land of the ogres
Transition from the monster to the abnormal (l'anormal)
The three great founding monsters of criminal psychiatry
Medical power and judicial power with regard to the notion of the absence of interest
The institutionalization of psychiatry as a specialized branch of public hygiene and a particular domain of social protection
Codification of madness as social danger
The motiveless crime (crime sans raison) and the tests of the enthronement of psychiatry
The Henriette Cornier case
The discovery of the instincts
12 February 1975
Instinct as grid of intelligibility of motiveless crime and of crime that cannot be punished
Extension of psychiatric knowledge and power on the basis of the problematization of instinct
The 1838 law and the role claimed by psychiatry in public security
Psychiatry and administrative regulation, the demand for psychiatry by the family, and the constitution of a psychiatric-political discrimination between individuals
The voluntary-involuntary axis, the instinctive and the automatic
The explosion of the symptomatological field
Psychiatry becomes science and technique of abnormal individuals
The abnormal: a huge domain of intervention
19 February 1975
The problem of sexuality runs through the field of abnormality
The old Christian rituals of confession
From the confession according to a tariff to the sacrament of penance
Development of the pastoral
Louis Habert's Pratique du sacrament de penitence and Charles Borromee's (Carlo Borromeo) Instructions aux confesseurs
From the confession to spiritual direction
The double discursive filter of life in the confession
Confession after the Council of Trent
The sixth commandment: models of questioning according to Pierre Milhard and Louis Habert
Appearance of the body of pleasure and desire in penitential and spiritual practices
26 February 1975
A new procedure of examination: the body discredited as flesh and the body blamed through the flesh
Spiritual direction, the development of Catholic mysticism, and the phenomenon of possession
Distinction between possession and witchcraft
The possessions of Loudon
Convulsion as the plastic and visible form of the struggle in the body of the possessed
The problem of the possessed and their convulsions does not belong to the history of illness
The anti-convulsives: stylistic modulation of the confession and spiritual direction; appeal to medicine; recourse to disciplinary and educational systems of the seventeenth century
Convulsion as neurological model of mental illness
5 March 1975
The problem of masturbation between the Christian discourse of the flesh and sexual psychopathology
Three forms of the somatization of masturbation
The pathological responsibility of childhood
Prepubescent masturbation and adult seduction; the offense comes from outside
A new organization of family space and control: the elimination of intermediaries and the direct application of the parent's body to the child's body
Cultural involution of the family
The medicalization of the new family and the child's confession to the doctor, heir to the Christian techniques of the confession
The medical persecution of childhood by means of the restraint of masturbation
The constitution of the cellular family that takes responsibility for the body and life of the child
Natural education and State education
12 March 1975
What makes the psychoanalytic theory of incest acceptable to the bourgeois family (danger comes from the child's desire)
Normalization of the urban proletariat and the optimal distribution of the working-class family (danger comes from fathers and brothers)
Two theories of incest
The antecedents of the abnormal: psychiatric-judicial mesh and psychiatric-familial mesh
The problematic of sexuality and the analysis of its irregularities
The twin theory of instinct and sexuality as epistemologico-political task of psychiatry
The origins of sexual psychopathology (Heinrich Kaan)
Etiology of madness on the basis of the history of the sexual instinct and imagination
The case of the soldier Bertrand
19 March 1975
A mixed figure: the monster, the masturbator, and the individual who cannot be integrated within the normative system of education
The Charles Jouy case and a family plugged into the new system of control and power
Childhood as the historical condition of the generalization of psychiatric knowledge and power
Psychiatrization of infantilism and constitution of a science of normal and abnormal conduct
The major theoretical constructions of psychiatry in the second half of the nineteenth century
Psychiatry and racism: psychiatry and social defense
Course Summary
Course Context
Index of Notions and Concepts
Index of Names
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