Candide

ISBN-10: 0312148542
ISBN-13: 9780312148546
Edition: 1999
List price: $20.99
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Description: In this new translation of Voltaire's best-known work, distinguished translator Burton Raffel captures the irreverent spirit of "Candide "and" "renders the novel in clear, vivacious English. Stylistically superior to all predecessors, Raffel's  More...

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Book details

List price: $20.99
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Bedford/Saint Martin's
Publication date: 9/15/1998
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 138
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.50" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.396
Language: English

In this new translation of Voltaire's best-known work, distinguished translator Burton Raffel captures the irreverent spirit of "Candide "and" "renders the novel in clear, vivacious English. Stylistically superior to all predecessors, Raffel's version now stands as the translation of choice for twenty-first-century readers. "[A] fine new translation."--Adam Gopnik, "New Yorker" "Burton Raffel's excellent translations of a wide variety of texts are rightly admired, and so will this one be. Thanks be, he possesses the wit necessary to take us on and along the satirical road of Voltaire's "Candide.""--Mary Ann Caws, editor of "The Yale Anthology of Twentieth-Century French Poetry"

A leading freethinker of his time and an opponent of political and religious oppression, Voltaire was instrumental in popularizing serious philosophical, religious, and scientific ideas that were frequently derived from liberal thinkers in England, where he lived for two years after his imprisonment in the Bastille. Voltaire's writings are wide ranging: He wrote plays in the neoclassic style, such as Oedipus (1718), philosophical essays in a popular vein like Letters on England (1734), which has been referred to as the first bomb hurled against the Ancien Regime; and the Philosophical Dictionary (1764), a catalog of polemical ideas on a large variety of subjects, particularly religion and philosophy. Voltaire was one of the most prolific letter writers in the entire history of literature, and his correspondence has been published in a French edition of 107 volumes. For the twentieth-century reader, Voltaire is best known for his philosophical tale Candide (1759), a masterpiece of satire that is both an attack on the philosophy of metaphysical optimism elaborated earlier in the century by the German philosopher Leibniz and a compendium of the abuses of the Ancien Regime as the author ponders the general problem of evil. Voltaire's unflinching belief in human reason and his easy handling of the language of Enlightenment wit and philosophy led the critic Roland Barthes to dub him "the last happy writer."

Foreword
Preface
Introduction: The Paradoxes of Voltaire
The Duality of Voltaire
Voltaire and the Old Regime
Absolute Monarchy
Nobility
Religion
Candide
The Unhappy Voltaire
Voltaire against Leibniz
Ridicule, Sex, Irony
Note on Voltaire's Vocabulary and the Present Translation
Illustrations
Candide, or Optimism
Related Documents
Voltaire, Letter to Catherine-Olympe du Noyer, November 28, 1713
Voltaire, Letter to Frederick, Crown Prince of Prussia, October 15, 1737
Voltaire, Letter to Fran�ois-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, October 14, 1749
Voltaire, Letter to Jean-Robert Tronchin, November 24, 1755
Omer Joly de Fleury, Letter to Henry-L�onard-Jean-Baptiste Bertin, February 24, 1759
Voltaire, Letter to Gabriel and Philibert Cramer, February 25, 1759
Elie Fr�ron, Review of Candide, 1759
Appendices
A Voltaire Chronology (1694-1791)
Questions for Consideration
Selected Bibliography
Index of Key Concepts

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