Fitness Measures and Health Outcomes in Youth:

ISBN-10: 0309262844
ISBN-13: 9780309262842
Edition: 2012
Author(s): Not Available
Description: Physical fitness affects our ability to function and be active. At poor levels, it is associated with such health outcomes as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Physical fitness testing in American youth was established on a large scale in the  More...
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List Price: $65.00
Copyright Year: 2012
Publisher: Natl Academy Pr
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 280
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.990
Language: English

Physical fitness affects our ability to function and be active. At poor levels, it is associated with such health outcomes as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Physical fitness testing in American youth was established on a large scale in the 1950s with an early focus on performance-related fitness that gradually gave way to an emphasis on health-related fitness. Using appropriately selected measures to collected fitness data in youth will advance our understanding of how fitness among youth translates into better health. In Fitness Measures and Health Outcomes in Youth, the IOM assesses the relationship between youth fitness test items and health outcomes, recommends the best fitness test items, provides guidance for interpreting fitness scores, and provides an agenda for needed research. The report concludes that selected cardiorespiratory endurance, musculoskeletal fitness, and body composition measures should be in fitness surveys and in schools. Collecting fitness data nationally and in schools helps with setting and achieving fitness goals and priorities for public health at an individual and national level.

Summary
Introduction
Background
Statement of Task
Methods
Organization of the Report
References
Measuring Fitness in Youth
Early History of Physical Fitness Testing
National Youth Fitness Testing: 1950 to 1980
National Youth Fitness Testing: 1980 to 1990
Youth Fitness Testing Since 1990
Current Batteries of Youth Fitness Tests
References
Methodology for Selection and Interpretation of Health-Related Fitness Measures in Youth
Conceptual Framework
Selection of Appropriate Fitness Test Items
Consideration of Modifying Factors
Establishment of Cut-Points for Health-Related Youth Fitness Tests
References
Health-Related Fitness Measures for Youth: Body Composition
Measurement of Body Composition
Literature Review Process
Body Composition in Youth
Body Composition, Fitness, and Health in Youth
Validity and Reliability of Selected Body Composition Measures
Administrative Feasibility
Guidance for Interpretation of Test Results
Conclusions
Measurement of Body Composition Quality Control and Techniques
References
Health-Related Fitness Measures for Youth: Cardiorespiratory Endurance
Definitions
Cardiorespiratory Endurance Tests
Cardiorespiratory Endurance and Health in Youth
Validity and Reliability of Selected Test Items
Administrative Feasibility
Guidance for Interpretation of Test Results
Conclusions
References
Health-Related Fitness Measures for Youth: Musculoskeletal Fitness
Definitions
Musculoskeletal Fitness Tests
Musculoskeletal Fitness and Health in Adults
Musculoskeletal Fitness and Health in Youth
Validity and Reliability of Selected Test Items
Administrative Feasibility
Guidance for Interpretation of Test Results
Conclusions
References
Health-Related Fitness Measures for Youth: Flexibility
Definitions
Flexibility Fitness Tests
Flexibility and Health
Validity, Reliability, and Feasibility of Selected Flexibility Test Items
Guidance for Interpretation of Test Results
Conclusions
References
Fitness Measures for a National Youth Survey
Current Status of National Youth Fitness Testing
Conclusions and Recommendations
References
Fitness Measures for Schools and Other Educational Settings
Factors Related to Selecting and Implementing Test Items
Factors Related to Test Administration
Factors Related to Interpretation of Test Results
Factors Related to the Incorporation of Fitness Testing into a Curriculum or Program
Appropriate and Inappropriate Practices
Conclusions and Recommendations
References
Future Needs
Appendixes
Agenda
Glossary
Acronyms
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

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