Maras Gang Violence and Security in Central America

ISBN-10: 0292729286
ISBN-13: 9780292729285
Edition: 2011
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Description: Sensational headlines have publicized the drug trafficking, brutal violence, and other organized crime elements associated with Central America's mara gangs, but there have been few clear-eyed analyses of the history, hierarchies, and future of the  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Publication date: 12/1/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 319
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 0.968
Language: English

Sensational headlines have publicized the drug trafficking, brutal violence, and other organized crime elements associated with Central America's mara gangs, but there have been few clear-eyed analyses of the history, hierarchies, and future of the mara phenomenon. The first book to look specifically at the Central American gang problem by drawing on the perspectives of researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds, Maras: Gang Violence and Security in Central America provides much-needed insight. These essays trace the development of the gangs, from "Mara Salvatrucha" to "M-18," in Los Angeles and their spread to El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua as the result of members' deportation to Central America; there, they account for high homicide rates and threaten the democratic stability of the region. With expertise in areas ranging from political science to law enforcement and human rights, the contributors also explore the spread of mara violence in the United States. Their findings comprise a complete documentation that spans sexualized violence, case studies of individual gangs, economic factors, varied responses to gang violence, the use of intelligence gathering, the limits of state power, and the role of policy makers. Raising crucial questions for a wide readership, these essays are sure to spark productive international dialogues.

Thomas C. Bruneau is a Professor in the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, where he is also the Program Manager for Latin America and the Academic Liaison for the Center for Civil-Military Relations.

Elizabeth and Charlie Skinner have spent the last 18 years bicycling, hiking, and exploring the Piedmont, foothills, and mountains of North Carolina. After a few years of awkward adventures with very young children, their two daughters, Caroline and Katie, can now cycle without training wheels. So, if readers are cycling on the Parkway and they see the Skinner caravan, they should say "Hello." The Skinners live in Pfafftown, North Carolina.

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Case Studies
The Origins of Southern California Latino Gangs
Street Gangs of El Salvador
Street Gangs of Guatemala
Street Gangs of Honduras
Street Gangs of Nicaragua
Responses to Gang Violence
State Power and Central American Maras: A Cross-national Comparison
Government Responses and the Dark Side of Gang Suppression in Central America
Elite Membership and Sexualized Violence among Central American Gangs
The Use of Intelligence to Combat Maras
The Impact of U.S. Anti-gang Policies in Central America QuoVadis?
Conclusion: The Dilemma of Fighting Gangs in New Democracies
Notes
Glossary
List of Acronyms
Bibliography
About the Contributors
Index

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