Mental Leaps Analogy in Creative Thought

ISBN-10: 0262581442
ISBN-13: 9780262581448
Edition: 1996 (Reprint)
List price: $40.00
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Description: Analogy - recalling familiar past situations to deal with novel ones - is a mental tool that everyone uses. Analogy can provide invaluable creative insights, but it can also lead to dangerous errors. In Mental Leapstwo leading cognitive scientists  More...

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Book details

List price: $40.00
Copyright year: 1996
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 1/31/1996
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 336
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.188
Language: English

Analogy - recalling familiar past situations to deal with novel ones - is a mental tool that everyone uses. Analogy can provide invaluable creative insights, but it can also lead to dangerous errors. In Mental Leapstwo leading cognitive scientists show how analogy works and how it can be used most effectively. Keith Holyoak and Paul Thagard provide a unified, comprehensive account of the diverse operations and applications of analogy, including problem solving, decision making, explanation, and communication. Holyoak and Thagard present their own theory of analogy, considering its implications for cognitive science in general, and survey examples from many other domains. These include animal cognition, developmental and social psychology, political science, philosophy, history of science, anthropology, and literature. Understanding how we draw analogies is important for people interested in the evolution of thinking in animals and in children; for those whose focus is on either creative thinking or errors of everyday reasoning; for those concerned with how decisions are made in law, business, and politics; and for those striving to improve education. Mental Leapscovers all of this ground, emphasizing the principles that govern the use of analogy and keeping technical matters to a minimum. A Bradford Book

Preface
Acknowledgments
First Steps
A Bird's Backyard
Analogic
From Socrates to Velcro and Vietnam
Indirect Communication
Ripples in the Air
Creative Connections
Overview
Breaking Loose
Funes in Chains
From Reacting to Thinking
Similarity
Structure
Models
Purpose and Cause
Summary
The Analogical Ape
Sameness
What Sarah Thinks
How Thought Evolved
The Analogies of Apes
The Invention of Problems
Hitting the Wall
Summary
The Analogical Child
Lori's Magic Carpet
Toward System Mapping
First Relations
Early Relational Mapping
Personification
The Next Steps
Summary
The Construction of Similarity
Making Saddam into Hitler
The Tumor and the Fortress
Selection
Mapping
Evaluation
Learning
Summary
What Is to Be Done?
Howard's Dilemma
Coherent Decisions
Houses and Baseball Players
Courtroom Analogies
Lessons of the Past
World War II
Korean War
Cuban Missile Crisis
Swine Flu Scare
No More Vietnams
Summary
Wondering Why
Gods Like Us
Plato's Cave
Designing the World
Other Minds
Intuition Pumps
Asian Analogies
Summary
The Analogical Scientist
Great Scientific Analogies
Purposes
Cognitive Mechanisms
Social Sciences
Invention and Design
Educating Scientists
Lessons
Summary
The Web of Culture
The Japanese Tea Ceremony
Star Trek and the Hidden Paths
What Is Metaphor?
The Analogical Basis
Metaphorical Extensions
Laughter and Love
Analogy as Therapy
Making Magic
Summary
The Analogical Computer
Looking Backward
The Computational Mind
Parallel Constraint Satisfaction
Mapping
Retrieval
The Competition
The Future of Analogy
Notes
References
Index

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