Historical Linguistics An Introduction

ISBN-10: 026251849X
ISBN-13: 9780262518499
Edition: 3rd 2013
Authors: Lyle Campbell
List price: $65.00 Buy it from $41.38
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Description: This accessible, hands-on textbook not only introduces students to the importanttopics in historical linguistics but also shows them how to apply the methods described and how tothink about the issues. Abundant examples and exercises allow students  More...

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Book details

List price: $65.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 3/22/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.134
Language: English

This accessible, hands-on textbook not only introduces students to the importanttopics in historical linguistics but also shows them how to apply the methods described and how tothink about the issues. Abundant examples and exercises allow students to focus on how to dohistorical linguistics. The book is distinctive for its integration of the standard topics withothers now considered important to the field, including syntactic change, grammaticalization,sociolinguistic contributions to linguistic change, distant genetic relationships, areallinguistics, and linguistic prehistory. It also offers a defense of the family tree model, aresponse to recent claims on lexical diffusion/frequency, and a section on why languages diversifyand spread. Examples are taken from a broad range of languages; those from the more familiarEnglish, French, German, and Spanish make the topics more accessible, while those fromnon-Indo-European languages show the depth and range of the concepts theyillustrate.This third edition includes new material based on the latestdevelopments in the field, increased coverage of computational approaches, and additional exercises.Many of the chapters have been revised or expanded, with new coverage of such topics asmorphological change, language families, language isolates, language diversity, the Romani migrationcase, and misconceptions in recent work about historical linguistics. New for this edition is adownloadable instructor's manual with answers to exercises.

List of Tables
List of Figures and Maps
Preface
Acknowledgements
Phonetic Symbols and Conventions
Phonetic Symbols Chart
Introduction
Introduction
What is Historical Linguistics About?
Kinds of Linguistic Changes: An English Example
Exercises
Sound Change
Introduction
Kinds of Sound Change
Non-phonemic (Allophonic) Changes
Phonemic Changes
Sporadic Changes
General Kinds of Sound Changes
Kinds of Common Sound Changes
Relative Chronology
Chain Shifts
Exercises
Borrowing
Introduction
What is a Loanword?
Why do Languages Borrow from One Another?
How do Words get Borrowed?
How do we Identify Loanwords and Determine the Direction of Borrowing?
Loans as Clues to Linguistic Changes in the Past
What Can Be Borrowed?
Cultural Inferences
Exercises
Analogical Change
Introduction
Proportional Analogy
Analogical Levelling
Analogical Extension
The Relationship between Analogy and Sound Change
Analogical Models
Other Kinds of Analogy
Exercises
The Comparative Method and Linguistic Reconstruction
Introduction
The Comparative Method Up Close and Personal
A Case Study
Indo-European and the Regularity of Sound Change
Basic Assumptions of the Comparative Method
How Realistic are Reconstructed Proto-languages?
Exercises
Linguistic Classification
Introduction
The World's Language Families
Terminology
How to Draw Family Trees: Subgrouping
Exercises
Models of Linguistic Change
Introduction
The Family-tree Model
The Challenge from Dialectology and the 'Wave Theory'
Dialectology (Linguistic Geography Dialect Geography)
A Framework for Investigating the Causes of Linguistic Change
Sociolinguistics and Language Change
The Issue of Lexical Diffusion
Internal Reconstruction
Introduction
Internal Reconstruction Illustrated
Relative Chronology
The Limitations of Internal Reconstruction
Internal Reconstruction and the Comparative Method
Exercises
Semantic Change and Lexical Change
Introduction
Traditional Considerations
Attempts to Explain Semantic Change
Other Kinds of Lexical Change - New Words
Exercises
Morphological Change
Introduction
Change in Allomorphs
Boundary Changes
Change in Morpheme Order
Morphological Levelling
Morphological Loss
Suppletion
Morphological Change and Grammaticalization
Change from One Kind of Morpheme to Another
Exaptation
Morphological Conditioning
Directionality in Morphological Change
Typological Cycles and Directionality
One Form, One Meaning
Morphological Reconstruction
Exercises
Syntactic Change
Introduction
Mechanisms of Syntactic Change
Generative Approaches
Grammaticalization
Syntactic Reconstruction
Exercises
Language Contact
Introduction
Areal Linguistics
Pidgins and Creoles
Mixed Languages
Endangered Languages and Linguistic Change
Explanation
Introduction
Early Theories
Internal and External Causes
Interaction of Causal Factors
Explanation and Prediction
Myths and Misconceptions about Linguistic Change
Distant Genetic Relationship
Introduction
Lexical Comparison
Sound Correspondences
Grammatical Evidence
Borrowing
Semantic Constraints
Onomatopoeia
Nursery Forms
Short Forms and Unmatched Segments
Chance Similarities
Sound-Meaning Isomorphism
Only Linguistic Evidence
Erroneous Morphological Analysis
Non-cognates
Spurious Forms
Methodological Wrap-up
Some Examples of Long-range Proposals
Exercises
Writing and Philology: The Role of Written Records
Introduction
Writing and the History of Writing Systems
Philology
The Role of Writing
Exercises
Linguistic Prehistory
Introduction
Indo-European Linguistic Prehistory
The Methods of Linguistic Prehistory
Limitations and Cautions
Farming Language Dispersal Model
Exercises
Quantitative Approaches to Historical Linguistics
Introduction
Glottochronology (Lexicostatistics)
Word Lists, Stability, and Replacement Rates
Other Recent Quantitative Approaches
Conclusions
Bibliography
Name Index
Subject Index
Language Index

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