Understanding the Political World A Comparative Introduction to Political Science

ISBN-10: 0205854923
ISBN-13: 9780205854929
Edition: 11th 2013 (Revised)
List price: $163.20 Buy it from $27.88
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Description: Understanding the Political World offers a comparative perspective on how politics works at the global, national, group, and individual level.Focusing on how fundamental concepts in political science relate to real political events, this bestselling  More...

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Book details

List price: $163.20
Edition: 11th
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 2/14/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 528
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.782
Language: English

Understanding the Political World offers a comparative perspective on how politics works at the global, national, group, and individual level.Focusing on how fundamental concepts in political science relate to real political events, this bestselling text surveys political behavior, systems, and processes throughout the world and asks students to evaluate and apply this knowledge. Through an engaging writing style, numerous examples, and the instructive use of visuals, Understanding the Political World encourages students to think like political scientists and to critically examine new and enduring political realities and challenges.

Preface
To the Reader
Maps
On Knowing the Political World
Politics and Knowledge
Towards a Definition of Politics
On Political Knowledge
Types of Political Knowledge
Description
Explanation
Prescription
The Acid Test I
Sources of Political Knowledge
Authority
Personal Thought
Science
Political Science
Doing Comparative Analysis
Political Science and Political Knowledge
The Debate In 1 Is Political Science Possible?
The Subfields of Political Science ?
Where is This Book Going?
The Political Knowledge of Different Age Groups in the United States
Political Behavior
Political Theory and Political Beliefs
Normative Political Theory
Great Britain as a Context for Some Great Political Theorists
Political Ideology
Conservatism
Classical Liberalism
Socialism
Some Further Points About "Isms"
Individual Political Beliefs
Types of Political Orientations
Identifying Specific Beliefs
Belief Systems
Political Culture
National Character Studies
Is There a "Clash of Civilizations"?
Survey Research Analyses
Value Differences Across Countries
Looking Ahead
Political Actions
Individual Political Actions
Modes of Political Activity
Political Activists
Political Participation Studies
Extent of Political Actions in Mexico and Poland
Group Political Actions
Political Interest Groups
Activities of Political Interest Groups
Constraints on a Group's Behavior
Types of Interest Groups
How Interested Are Interest Groups in Democracy?
Political Parties
Activities of Political Parties
Let's Party! The Rise of the Green Party in Germany
Doing Politics
Influences on Beliefs and Actions
The Environment
Agents of Political Socialization
The Family
Political Socialization in China
Schools
Peer Groups
The Media
Do the New ICTs Substantially Change Our Political Beliefs and Actions?
Religion
Culture
Events
Personal Characteristics
You Go Your Way, I'll Go Mine
Political Personality
Personality
Biology and Human Nature
Concluding Observations
Political Systems
Political Systems, States, and Nations
The State
A Legal Definition of the State
A Structural-Functional Definition of the State
Does Humanitarian Intervention Violate State Sovereignty?
Major Goals
The Nation
Nation and State
State and Nations: The Indian Subcontinent
The Political System
Power and Authority
Conceptualization of the Political System
Three Major Concepts: A Reprise
Political Institutions I: Institutional Structures
Executives
Roles of Executives
Structural Arrangements
The Age of the Executive?
Legislatures
Roles of the Legislature
Electoral Systems and Legislative Representation: South Africa
Legislative Structures
The Decline of Legislatures
Administrative Systems
Administrative Functions and Power
Bureaucracy as One Form of Administration
Five Styles of Administration
Judiciaries
Aspects of Adjudication
Judicial Structures
Is Judicial Review Democratic?
Styles of Adjudication
Concluding Observations
Political Institutions II: Institutional Arrangements
Constitutions and Constitutional Regimes
Constitutions
Constitutional Regimes
Nonconstitutional Regimes
Democracies and Nondemocracies
Defining Democracy
Defining Nondemocracies
A Democracy-Nondemocracy Measure
Areal Distribution of Power
Unitary State
Federation
Confederation
Forms of Executive-Legislative Relations
Presidential Government
Parliamentary Government
Hybrid Systems
Council Systems
A Hybrid System in Action: France
Assembly Systems
Which Form Is Optimal?
Which Form of Government Is Preferable: Parliamentary, Presidential, or Hybrid?
Political Party Systems
Two-Party Systems
Multiparty Systems
Dominant-Party Systems
One-Party Systems
Party Systems in Four Countries
No-Party Systems
Classification and Clarity
Political Economy
Politics and Economics
A Political-Economic Framework
Factors, Firms, and Households/Consumers
Getting and Spending
The State Joins In
The World Joins In
The Economy Strikes Back
Measuring Economic Prosperity
Wealth Inequality
Two Ideal-Type Political Economies
The Market Economy: Total Private Contro
The Command Economy: Total State Control
Key Problems of Each Ideal-Type Political Economy
Market Economy
Command Economy
The Mixed Economy
Mexico's Political Economy
Politics Plus Political Economy: The Other "ISMS"
The Three "Isms"
The Real World
Is Communism Dead?
Concluding Observations
Political Processes
Public Policy, Power, and Decision
Public Policy
Types of Public Policies
Selected Public Policies in Seven Countries
Analysis of the Stages of the Policy Process
Policy Impact Analysis
Policy Prescription
Explaining Public Policy Decision! Making
The Elite Approach
Key Concepts
Major Theorists
The Public Policy Process
The Prevalence of Elite-Based Political Systems
Elite Politics in Swaziland
The Class Approach
The Public Policy Process
The Pluralist Approach
The Policymaking Process
The Debate In 9
The Three Approaches Compared
Which Approach Is Correct?
Essential Similarities and Differences
Change and Political Development
Change
Development
Characteristics of "'More Developed" Human Systems
The Process of Development
The Dynamics of Economic Development
Political Development
Characteristics of Political Development
The Process of Political Development
Political Development and Modernization in Turkey
Political Development as Democratization
Is Economic Development a Necessary Prerequisite for Democracy?
World of Changes
Compare In 10
Concluding Observations
Politics Across Borders
Perspectives on States' Behavior
Realist and Idealist Perspectives on the States' "Motives"
A Geopolitical Perspective
Compare In 11 Geopolitics in Two Countries
Mechanisms of Political Cooperation Across Borders
Diplomacy and Interstate Agreements
International Law
International Organizations
Political Competition Across Borders
Transnational Systems of Power
Domination and Dependence
The Faces of Colonialism: Congo
Globalization?
The Debate In 11
Competition in the Globalizing World
Political Violence
Violence
Political Society
Types of Political Violence
State Violence Against Individuals or Groups
Individual Violence Against an Individual
Group Violence Against an Individual
Group Violence Against a Group
The Debate In 12 Is Terrorism Ever a Justifiable Form of Political Violence?
Individual or Group Violence Against the State
Use of Force Between States
War
What Causes War?
Focus In 12
Compare In 12
Evaluating Political Violence: Means and Ends
Politics Among States
The Developed Countries of the Global North
Grouping the States in the Contemporary World
The Developed Countries of the Global North
The Developing Countries of the Global South
The Transitional Developed Countries
Goal: Prosperity
Mixed Economy
Sweden and Switzerland
Performance
Challenges to Prosperity
Are the Social Democracies Dying?
Goal: Stability
Liberal Democracies
Political Institutionalization
Order Maintenance
Welcome to the Brave New World: Singapore
Challenges to Stability
Goal: Security
The Era of Colonialism
The Cold War Period
The Post-Cold War Period
Challenges to Security
The Developed Countries Overall
The Developing Countries of the Global South
Grouping Countries in the Developing World
Developmental Classification
Regional Classification
Achieving Development in the Global South: Some Obstacles
Obstacles to Development: Nigeria and the Philippines
Goal: Prosperity
The Quest for Prosperity: Strategic Choices
Poor Women and Development: Microcredit in Bangladesh
Current Outcomes
Goal: Security
Interstate Violence
Economic Security
Goal: Stability
Inadequate Political Development
The Decline of Order
Democratization
Political Approaches
Is it Getting Better all the Time?
The Debate In 14 Will There Always Be a Third World?
The Transitional Developed Countries
The Postcommunist Developed Countries
Acid Test II
Goal: Prosperity
Strategy
Performance
Challenges
Goal: Stability
Strategies p420
Challenges
Social Disorder
Nationality Conflicts
Entry into Europe and Global Society
Goal: Security
The Newly Industrializing Countries
Goal: Prosperity
Approach
Performance
FocusIn 15
Goal: Stability
Asian NICs
Latin American NICs
Democratization?
Goal: Security
Asian NICs
Latin American NICs
The Future of the Transitional Developed Countries
The Postcommunist Developed Countries
The NICs
Next?
So…
The Final Debate What Time Is It?
Appendix: Political Analysis
Glossary
References
Photo Credits
Index

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