Juvenile Delinquency A Sociological Approach

ISBN-10: 0205665713
ISBN-13: 9780205665716
Edition: 8th 2010
List price: $87.00
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Description: Taking a sociological approach, this text discusses delinquency as it relates to and emerges from the youth's family, neighborhood, school, peer group, social class, and overall cultural and social environment.Dimensions, Causes, Sociological  More...

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Book details

List price: $87.00
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/9/2009
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 528
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.804
Language: English

Taking a sociological approach, this text discusses delinquency as it relates to and emerges from the youth's family, neighborhood, school, peer group, social class, and overall cultural and social environment.Dimensions, Causes, Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency, Juvenile Delinquency in a Social Context For anyone to better understand juvenile delinquency, including counselors and social workers.

The Author: Jack Bynum is a Professor of Sociology and Criminology who has served on the faculties of several universities. As an educator, he received numerous teaching and research awards and his publications include six books and over fifty journal articles. However, Dr. Bynum's most significant contributions to our understanding of human behavior emerged when he stepped outside the academic environment into the streets, homes, neighborhoods, churches, truck stops, athletic playing fields, and military camps to interact with groups of people not ordinarily found on a university campus. The exciting details and findings from those forays into the larger society are now in your hands.

Conformity, Deviance, and Juvenile Delinquency
Introduction: The Sociological Perspective and Focus on Juvenile Delinquency
Juvenile Delinquency: The Act, the Actor, and the Audience
What Is Juvenile Delinquency?
An Integrated Definition of Delinquency
A Sociological Approach to Delinquency
The Sociological Perspective
The Social Nature of Humans
Norms
Sources of Norms
Folkways, Mores, and Laws
Marginality
Normative Behavior: Conformity
Deviant Behavior: Nonconformity
Negative Aspects of Deviance
Positive Aspects of Deviance
Juvenile Delinquency
Dimensions of Juvenile Delinquency
Juvenile Delinquency Data
tOfficial Sources of Delinquency Information
The Composite Delinquent Profile: Typical or Stereotypical?
Unofficial Sources of Delinquency Information
The Magnitude and Trends of Juvenile Delinquency
Addendum: A Balanced Perspective on Youth
Causes of Juvenile Delinquency
Introduction: Theory and the Etiology of Juvenile Delinquency
Classical, Biological and Psychogenic Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency
The Link between Biology and Behavior: Myths and Folklore
The Classical School of Criminological Thought
The Positive School of Criminology
Twentieth-Century Constitutional Typologies
The Continuing Search for the Biological Connection
Sociobiological Explanations
The Psychogenic Approach and the Medical Model
The Discovery of the Unconscious
The Formation of Personality
Freudian Theory as an Explanation of Crime and Delinquency
Psychoanalysis
The Medical Model: Delinquent Acts as Symptoms
Conduct Disorders and Risk/Needs Assessment
Other Psychogenic Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency
Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Social Strain and Cultural Transmission Theories
Theory
Social Strain Theories
Agnew's General Strain Theory
Cultural Transmission Theories
Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Social Learning and Social Control Theories
Social Learning Theories
Social Control Theories
Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Labeling and Radical/Conflict Theories
Labeling Theories
Radical Theories
Sociological Explanations of Juvenile
Delinquency andthe Ongoing Process of Integrative Theory Building
Short-run Hedonism: Delinquency is fun
Maturation and Life Course Theories
Making Decisions for Delinquency: Rational Choice Theory
The Punishment Response: Deterrence Theory
Explaining Female Delinquency
Back to the Future: The Prospects and Direction for New Theory Building
Juvenile Delinquency in a Social Context
Introduction: Collective Behavior and Social Groupings
The Family and Juvenile Delinquency
The Changing Role of the Family
Increasing Importance of the Nuclear Family and the Creation of Adolescenc
The Family as an Agent of Socialization
Working Mothers and Juvenile Delinquency
Other Family Variables and Juvenile Delinquency
Single-Parent Families and Delinquency
The Family and Delinquency Prevention
Schools and Delinquency
The School as an Arena
Schools and the Socialization Process
Juvenile Delinquency and the School Experience
Schools as a Screening Device
Schools as Combat Zone
School as Bureaucracy
Schools and Delinquency Prevention
The Youth Subculture and Delinquency
Culture, Subcultures, and Countercultures
The Creation of a Youth Subculture
Role of the Youth Subculture
Distinctive Elements of the Youth Subculture
The Youth Subculture and Juvenile Delinquency
Youth Countercultures and Delinquency
The Youth Subculture and Delinquency Prevention
Juvenile Gangs and Delinquency
The Solitary Delinquent
Group Delinquency
Dyads and Triads
Play Groups
Juvenile Gangs
Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States
Motives for Gang Membership
Gang Organization
Composition of Gang Membership
Gang Violence
Explanatory Theories of Gang Formation and Behavior: A Summary and Synthesis
Applied Theory: Social Control and the Juvenile Justice System
Introduction: Elements of Social Control
Juveniles and the Police
Juvenile Encounters with Police
Policing Juveniles
Police Discretion in Handling Juveniles
Police and Due Process
Police, Community Policing, and Delinquency Prevention
Juvenile Courts
Historical Background of the Juvenile Court
The Child Savers Movement
The Juvenile Court
Juvenile Courts and Due Process
Juvenile Court Procedures
The Role of Attorneys in Juvenile Court
Criticisms of the Juvenile Court
The Multifaceted Juvenile Court
The Future of the Juvenile Court
Juvenile Corrections
Social Control and Deterrence Theory
Voluntary Social Control
Informal Social Control
Formal Social Control
Capital Punishment for Juveniles and Roper v
Deinstitutionalization, Community Corrections, and Diversion
Evaluation of Deinstitutionalization, Community Corrections, and Diversion
Applied Theory: Strategies for Dealing with Juvenile Delinquency
Introduction: Approaching Treatment and Prevention in a Social Context
Treatment and Prevention Strategies
Treatment Ideology and Delinquency Treatment Programs
Prevention Ideology and Delinquency Prevention Programs
Sociological Approaches to Delinquency Treatment and Prevention
Mobilizing the Community to Prevent Delinquency
Evaluation of Delinquency Treatment and Prevention Strategies
Rethinking the Delinquency Problem
The Social Nature of Juvenile Delinquency
Eliminating the Marginal Status of Juveniles
Standardization or Elimination of Juvenile Codes
Decriminalization of Status Offenses
Revision of the Juvenile Court
Modification of Juvenile Corrections
Strengthening the Family
Changing the Educational System
Redefining Juvenile Delinquency

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