Sociology A down-to-Earth Approach, Core Concepts

ISBN-10: 020549658X
ISBN-13: 9780205496587
Edition: 2nd 2007
Authors: James M. Henslin
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Book details

List price: $93.33
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 416
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.914

James M. Henslin is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville. He is the author of many textbooks, including "Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach, " 7th ed.; "Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach, " 6th ed.; and "Social Problems, " 7th ed.

To the Student from the Author
To the Instructor from the Author
The Sociological Perspective
The Sociological Perspective
Seeing the Broader Social Context
Origins of Sociology
Tradition Versus Science
Auguste Comte and Positivism
Herbert Spencer and Social Darwinism
Karl Marx and Class Conflict
Emile Durkheim and Social Integration
Max Weber and the Protestant Ethic
Sexism in Early Sociology
Attitudes of the Time
Harriet Martineau and Early Social Research
Sociology in North America
Early History: The Tension Between Social Reform and Sociological Analysis
Jane Addams and Social Reform
W. E. B. Du Bois and Race Relations
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Early Sociology in North America: Du Bois and Race Relations
Talcott Parsons and C. Wright Mills: Theory Versus Reform
The Continuing Tension and the Rise of Applied Sociology
Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Careers in Sociology: What Applied Sociologists Do
Symbolic Interactionism
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Capturing Saddam Hussein: A Surprising Example of Applied Sociology
Functional Analysis
Conflict Theory
Levels of Analysis: Macro and Micro
Putting the Theoretical Perspectives Together
How Theory and Research Work Together
Doing Sociological Research
A Research Model
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Enjoying A Sociology Quiz-Sociological Findings Versus Common Sense
Research Methods
Surveys
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Loading the Dice: How Not to Do Research
Participant Observation (Fieldwork)
Secondary Analysis
Documents
Experiments
Unobtrusive Measures
Gender in Sociological Research
Ethics in Sociological Research
Protecting the Subjects: The Brajuha Research
Misleading the Subjects: The Humphreys Research
Values in Sociological Research
Trends Shaping the Future of Sociology
Sociology Full Circle: Reform Versus Research
Globalization
Cultural Diversity in the United States: Studying Job Discrimination: Another Surprising Example of Applied Sociology
Applications of Globalization to This Text
Summary and Review
Culture
What Is Culture?
Culture and Taken-for-Granted Orientations to Life
Practicing Cultural Relativism
Cultural Diversity around the World: You Are What You Eat?: An Exploration in Cultural Relativity
Components of Symbolic Culture
Gestures
Language
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Emoticons: "Written Gestures" for Expressing Yourself Online
Cultural Diversity in the United States: Miami-Language in a Changing City
Cultural Diversity in the United States: Race and Language: Searching for Self-Labels
Values, Norms, and Sanctions
Folkways and Mores
Many Cultural Worlds
Subcultures
Countercultures
Values in U.S. Society
An Overview of U.S. Values
Looking at Subcultures
Mass Media in Social Life: Why Do Native Americans Like Westerns?
Value Clusters
Value Contradictions and Social Change
Emerging Values
Culture Wars: When Values Clash
Values as Blinders
"Ideal" Versus "Real" Culture
Cultural Universals
Thinking Critically: Are We Prisoners of Our Genes? Sociobiology and Human Behavior
Technology in the Global Village
The New Technology
Cultural Lag and Cultural Change
Technology and Cultural Leveling
Summary and Review
Socialization
What Is Human Nature?
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Heredity or Environment? The Case of Oskar and Jack, Identical Twins
Feral Children
Isolated Children
Institutionalized Children
Deprived Animals
Socialization into the Self and Mind
Cooley and the Looking-Glass Self
Mead and Role Taking
Piaget and the Development of Reasoning
Global Aspects of the Self and Reasoning
Cultural Diversity around the World: Do You See What I See?: Eastern and Western Ways of Perceiving and Thinking
Learning Personality, Morality, and Emotions
Freud and the Development of Personality
Kohlberg, Gilligan, and the Development of Morality
Socialization into Emotions
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Signs of the Times: Are We Becoming Ik?
Society Within Us: The Self and Emotions as Social Control
Socialization into Gender
Gender Messages in the Family
Gender Messages from Peers
Gender Messages in the Mass Media
Agents of Socialization
The Family
Mass Media in Social Life: From Xena, Warrior Princess, to Lara Croft, Tomb Raider: Changing Images of Women in the Mass Media
The Neighborhood
Religion
Day Care
The School
Cultural Diversity in the United States: Caught Between Two Worlds
Peer Groups
Sports and Competitive Success
The Workplace
Resocialization
Total Institutions
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Boot Camp as a Total Institution
Socialization Through the Life Course
Childhood
Adolescence
Transitional Adulthood
The Middle Years
The Older Years
The Sociological Significance of the Life Course
Are We Prisoners of Socialization?
Summary and Review
Social Structure and Social Interaction
Levels of Sociological Analysis
Macrosociology and Microsociology
The Macrosociological Perspective: Social Structure
The Sociological Significance of Social Structure
Down-to-Earth Sociology: College Football as Social Structure
Culture
Social Class
Social Status
Roles
Groups
Social Institutions
The Sociological Significance of Social Institutions
An Example: The Mass Media as an Emerging Social Institution
Comparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives
Changes in Social Structure
What Holds Society Together?
The Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
Symbolic Interaction
Cultural Diversity in the United States: The Amish: Gemeinschaft Community in a Gesellschaft Society
Down to Earth Sociology: Beauty May Be Only Skin Deep, But Its Effects Go On Forever: Stereotypes in Everyday Life
Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
Mass Media in Social Life: You Can't Be Thin Enough: Body Images and the Mass Media
Ethnomethodology: Uncovering Background Assumptions
The Social Construction of Reality
The Need for Both Macrosociology and Microsociology
Summary and Review
Societies to Social Networks
Societies and Their Transformation
Hunting and Gathering Societies
Pastoral and Horticultural Societies
Agricultural Societies
Industrial Societies
Postindustrial (Information) Societies
Biotech Societies: Is a New Type of Society Emerging?
Groups Within Society
Sociology and the New Technology: "So, You Want to Be Yourself?" Cloning in the Coming Biotech Society
Primary Groups
Secondary Groups
In-Groups and Out-Groups
Reference Groups
Social Networks
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Facebooking: The Lazy (But Efficient) Way to Meet Friends
A New Group: Electronic Communities
Cultural Diversity in the United States: How Our Own Social Networks Perpetuate Social Inequality
Group Dynamics
Effects of Group Size on Stability and Intimacy
Effects of Group Size on Attitudes and Behavior
Leadership
The Power of Peer Pressure: The Asch Experiment
The Power of Authority: The Milgram Experiment
Thinking Critically: If Hitler Asked You to Execute a Stranger, Would You? The Milgram Experiment
Global Consequences of Group Dynamics: Groupthink
Summary and Review
Deviance and Social Control
What Is Deviance?
How Norms Make Social Life Possible
Cultural Diversity around the World: Human Sexuality in Cross-Cultural Perspective
Sanctions
Shaming and Degradation Ceremonies
Thinking Critically: Is It Rape, Or Is It Marriage? A Study in Culture Clash
Competing Explanations of Deviance: Sociology, Sociobiology, and Psychology
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
Differential Association Theory
Control Theory
Labeling Theory
The Functionalist Perspective
Can Deviance Really Be Functional for Society?
Strain Theory: How Social Values Produce Deviance
Mass Media in Social Life: Pornography on the Internet: Freedom Versus Censorship
Illegitimate Opportunity Structures: Social Class and Crime
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Islands in the Street: Urban Gangs in the United States
The Conflict Perspective
Class, Crime, and the Criminal Justice System
Power and Inequality
The Law as an Instrument of Oppression
Reactions to Deviance
Street Crime and Prisons
Thinking Critically: "Three Strikes and You're Out!" Unintended Consequences of Well-Intended Laws
The Decline in Crime
Recidivism
The Death Penalty and Bias
Down-to-Earth Sociology: The Killer Next Door: Serial Murderers in Our Midst
Legal Change
Thinking Critically: Changing Views: Making Hate a Crime
The Trouble with Official Statistics
The Medicalization of Deviance: Mental Illness
The Need for a More Humane Approach
Summary and Review
Social Stratification
An Overview of Social Stratification
Slavery
Mass Media in Social Life: What Price Freedom? Slavery Today
Caste
Social Class
Global Stratification and the Status of Females
Global Stratification: Three Worlds
The Most Industrialized Nations
The Industrializing Nations
Thinking Critically: OPen Season: Children As Prey
The Least Industrialized Nations
How Did the World's Nations Become Stratified?
Colonialism
World System Theory
Thinking Critically: When Globalization Comes Home: Maquiladoras South of the Border
Culture of Poverty
Evaluating the Theories
Why Is Social Stratification Universal?
The Functionalist View: Motivating Qualified People
The Conflict Perspective: Class Conflict and Scarce Resources
What Determines Social Class?
Karl Marx: The Means of Production
Max Weber: Property, Prestige, and Power
Social Class in the United States
Property
Prestige
Down-to-Earth Sociology: How the Super-Rich Live
Power
Status Inconsistency
A Social Class Model
Down-to-Earth Sociology: The Big Win: Life After the Lottery
The Capitalist Class
The Upper Middle Class
The Lower Middle Class
The Working Class
The Working Poor
The Underclass
Consequences of Social Class
Family Life
Education
Religion
Politics
Physical Health
Mental Health
Thinking Critically: Mental Illness and Inequality in Health Care
Social Mobility
Three Types of Social Mobility
Cultural Diversity in the United States: Social Class and the Upward Mobility of African Americans
Women in Studies of Social Mobility
Poverty
Drawing the Poverty Line
Children of Poverty
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Exploring Myths About the Poor
Thinking Critically: The Nation's Shame: Children in Poverty
Where Is Horatio Alger? The Social Functions of a Myth
Summary and Review
Sex and Gender
Issues of Sex and Gender
Gender Differences in Behavior: Biology or Culture?
Thinking Critically: Biology Versus Culture-Culture Is the Answer
Thinking Critically: Biology Versus Culture-Biology Is the Answer
The Dominant Position in Sociology
Opening the Door to Biology
Gender Inequality in Global Perspective
Down-to-Earth Sociology: The Gender Gap in Math and Science: A National Debate
How Females Became a Minority Group
Cultural Diversity Around the World: "Pssst. You Wanna Buy a Bride?" China in Transition
The Origins of Patriarchy
Sex Typing of Work
Gender and the Prestige of Work
Other Areas of Global Discrimination
Gender Inequality in the United States
Fighting Back: The Rise of Feminism
Cultural Diversity around the World: Female Circumcision
Gender Inequality in Health Care
Gender Inequality in Education
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Cold-Hearted Surgeons and Their Women Victims
Gender Inequality in Everyday Life
Gender Inequality in the Workplace
The Pay Gap
The Cracking Glass Ceiling
Gender and the Control of Workers
Sexual Harassment-and Worse
Thinking Critically: Sexual Harassment and Rape of Women in the Military
Gender and Violence
Violence Against Women
Feminism and Gendered Violence
Solutions
The Changing Face of Politics
Glimpsing the Future-with Hope
Summary and Review
Fold-out Section: The Changing Role of Women: A Walk Through History
Race and Ethnicity
Laying the Sociological Foundation
Race: Myth and Reality
Cultural Diversity in the United States: Tiger Woods and the Emerging Multiracial Identity: Mapping New Ethnic Terrain
Ethnic Groups
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Can a Plane Ride Change Your Race?
Minority Groups and Dominant Groups
How People Construct Their Racial-Ethnic Identity
Prejudice and Discrimination
Learning Prejudice
Down-to-Earth Sociology: The Racist Mind
Thinking Critically: Self-Segregation: Help or Hindrance for Race Relations on Campus?
Individual and Institutional Discrimination
Theories of Prejudice
Psychological Perspectives
Sociological Perspectives
Global Patterns of Intergroup Relations
Genocide
Population Transfer
Internal Colonialism
Segregation
Assimilation
Cultural Diversity in the United States: "You Can Work for Us, But You Can't Live Near Us"
Multiculturalism (Pluralism)
Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States
European Americans
Latinos (Hispanics)
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack: Exploring Cultural Privilege
African Americans
Down-to-Earth Sociology: Stealth Racism in the Rental Market: What You Reveal by Your Voice
Thinking Critically: Reparations for Slavery: Justice or Foolishness?
Fold-out Section: "Racial" Categories in the U.S. Census: 1940 to Present
Asian Americans
Native Americans
Looking Toward the Future
The Immigration Debate
Affirmative Action
Cultural Diversity in the United States: Glimpsing the Future: The Shifting U.S. Racial-Ethnic Mix
Toward a True Multicultural Society
Summary and Review
Marriage and Family
Marriage and Family in Global Perspective
What Is a Family?
Common Cultural Themes
Cultural Diversity around the World: Watching Out for Kids: Gender Equality and Family Life in Sweden
Marriage and Family in Theoretical Perspective
The Functionalist Perspective: Functions and Dysfunctions
The Conflict Perspective: Gender and Power
Thinking Critically: The Second Shift-Strains and Strategies
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Gender and the Meanings of Marriage
The Family Life Cycle
Love and Courtship in Global Perspective
Cultural Diversity around the World: East Is East and West Is West: Love and Arranged Marriage in India
Marriage
Childbirth and Child Rearing
Family Transitions in Later Life
Diversity in U.S. Families
African American Families
Latino Families
Asian American Families
Native American Families
One-Parent Families
Families Without Children
Blended Families
Gay and Lesbian Families
Trends in U.S. Families
Sociology and the New Technology: The Brave New World of High-Tech Reproduction: Where Technology Outpaces Law and Sometimes Common Sense
Postponing Marriage and Childbirth
Cohabitation
Unmarried Mothers
Grandparents as Parents
Down-to-Earth Sociology: "You Want Us to Live Together? What Do You Mean By That?"
The "Sandwich Generation" and Elder Care
Divorce and Remarriage
Problems in Measuring Divorce
Down-to-Earth Sociology: "What Are Your Chances of Getting Divorced?"
Children of Divorce
Grandchildren of Divorce
The Absent Father and Serial Fatherhood
The Ex-Spouses
Remarriage
Two Sides of Family Life
The Dark Side of Family Life: Battering, Child Abuse, Marital Rape, and Incest
Down-to-Earth Sociology: "Why Doesn't She Just Leave?" The Dilemma of Abused Women
The Bright Side of Family Life: Successful Marriages
The Future of Marriage and Family
Down-to-Earth Sociology: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work
Summary and Review
Epilogue: Why Major in Sociology?
Glossary
Suggested Readings
References
Name Index
Subject Index

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