Psychological Testing History, Principles, and Applications

ISBN-10: 0205468829

ISBN-13: 9780205468829

Edition: 5th 2007 (Revised)

List price: $151.80
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Description:

The goal of Psychological Testing is to teach students about the characteristics, objectives, and wide-ranging effects of psychological testing. In addition to the breadth of coverage of traditional topics, the fifth edition features new detailed presentations on neuropsychological and geriatric assessment, the early uses and abuses of testing, assessment of learning disabilities, testing in special settings, race differences in IQ, and cheating on national group achievement tests. The author describes and critiques the latest versions of the most widely used tests, examines the subtleties of the testing process, and explores the value-laden issues surrounding the wisdom of testing. Other Highlights of the Fifth Edition bull; bull;Chapter 2, ldquo;The History of Psychological Testing,rdquo; and Appendix A, ldquo;Major Landmarks in the History of Psychological Testing,rdquo; give students a broad overview of the field. bull;The importance of ethical and social issues in testing is emphasized in Chapter 1, ldquo;Applications and Consequences of Testing.rdquo; bull;Real-world case studies bring concepts to life for students.
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Book details

List price: $151.80
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/16/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 720
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.750
Language: English

Gregory is a senior appellate attorney in the Office of General Counsel at the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Preface
Applications and Consequences of Psychological Testing
The Nature and Uses of Psychological Testing
The Consequences of Testing
Definition of a Test
True-Life Vignettes of Testing
Further Distinctions in Testing
Types of Tests
Uses of Testing
Factors Influencing the Soundness of Testing
The Impact of Nonstandard Testing
Standardized Procedures in Test Administration
Desirable Procedures of Test Administration
Influence of the Examiner
Background and Motivation of the Examinee
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Ethical and Social Implications of Testing
The Rationale for Professional Testing Standards
Responsibilities of Test Publishers
Ethical and Professional Quandaries in Testing
Responsibilities of Test Users
Overzealous Interpretation of the MMPI
Testing of Cultural and Linguistic Minorities
Unintended Effects of High-Stakes Testing
Reprise: Responsible Test Use
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
The History of Psychological Testing
The Origins of Psychological Testing
The Importance of Testing
Rudimentary Forms of Testing in China in 2200 B.C.
Psychiatric Antecedents of Psychological Testing
Physiognomy, Phrenology, and the Psychograph
The Brass Instruments Era of Testing
Changing Conceptions of Mental Retardation in the 1800s
Influence of Binet's Early Research on His Test
Binet and Testing for Higher Mental Processes
The Revised Scales and the Advent of IQ
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Early Testing in the United States
Early Uses and Abuses of Tests in the United States
Howard Knox and Nonverbal Tests in the Early 1900s
The Stanford-Binet: The Early Mainstay of IQ
Group Tests and the Classification of WWI Army Recruits
Early Educational Testing
The Development of Aptitude Tests
Personality and Vocational Testing after WWI
The Origins of Projective Testing
The Development of Interest Inventories
Summary of Major Landmarks in the History of Testing
Summary
Norms and Reliability
Norms and Test Standardization
Outmoded Tests and Outdated Norms
Raw Scores
Essential Statistical Concepts
Raw Score Transformations
Selecting a Norm Group
Criterion-Referenced Tests
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Concepts of Reliability
Test Reliability and Courtroom Testimony
Classical Test Theory and the Sources of Measurement Error
Sources of Measurement Error
Measurement Error and Reliability
The Reliability Coefficient
The Correlation Coefficient
The Correlation Coefficient as a Reliability Coefficient
Reliability as Temporal Stability
Reliability as Internal Consistency
Item Response Theory
The New Rules of Measurement
Special Circumstances in the Estimation of Reliability
The Interpretation of Reliability Coefficients
Reliability and the Standard Error of Measurement
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Validity and Test Development
Basic Concepts of Validity
Validity: A Definition
Research as the Essential Proof of Test Validity
Content Validity
Criterion-Related Validity
Construct Validity
Approaches to Construct Validity
Extravalidity Concerns and the Widening Scope of Test Validity
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Test Construction
Defining the Test
Selecting a Scaling Method
Representative Scaling Methods
Constructing the Items
Testing the Items
Revising the Test
Publishing the Test
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Theories and Individual Tests of Intelligence and Achievement
Theories of Intelligence and Factor Analysis
Definitions of Intelligence
Learning and Adaptation as Core Functions of Intelligence
A Primer of Factor Analysis
Galton and Sensory Keenness
Spearman and the g Factor
Thurstone and the Primary Mental Abilities
Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) Theory
Piaget and Adaptation
Guilford and the Structure-of-Intellect Model
Theory of Simultaneous and Successive Processing
Information-Processing Theories of Intelligence
Intelligence as a Biological Construct
Gardner and the Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Sternberg and the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Individual Tests of Intelligence and Achievement
Orientation to Individual Intelligence Tests
The Wechsler Scales of Intelligence
The Wechsler Subtests: Description and Analysis
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales: Fifth Edition
Detroit Tests of Learning Aptitude-4
Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children-II
Kaufman Adolescent and Adult Intelligence Test (KAIT)
Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2 (KBIT-2)
Individual Tests of Achievement
Nature and Assessment of Learning Disabilities
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Group Tests and Controversies in Ability Testing
Group Tests of Ability and Related Concepts
Nature, Promise, and Pitfalls of Group Tests
Group Tests of Ability
Multiple Aptitude Test Batteries
Predicting College Performance
Postgraduate Selection Tests
Educational Achievement Tests
Effects of Coaching on Aptitude Test Scores
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Test Bias and Other Controversies
Misconceptions about IQ
The Question of Test Bias
Social Values and Test Fairness
Genetic and Environmental Determinants of Intelligence
Origins of African American and White IQ Differences
Age Changes in Intelligence
Generational Changes in Intelligence Test Scores
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Testing Special Populations
Infant and Preschool Assessment
Assessment of Infant Ability
Assessment of Preschool Intelligence
Practical Utility of Infant and Preschool Assessment
Screening for School Readiness
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Testing Persons with Disabilities
Origins of Tests for Special Populations
Nonlanguage Tests
Nonreading and Motor-Reduced Tests
The Challenge of Assessment in Cerebral Palsy
Testing Persons with Visual Impairments
Testing Individuals Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Assessment of Adaptive Behavior in Mental Retardation
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Origins of Personality Testing
Theories and the Measurement of Personality
Personality: An Overview
Psychoanalytic Theories of Personality
Type Theories of Personality
Phenomenological Theories of Personality
Behavioral and social Learning Theories
Trait Conceptions of Personality
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Projective Techniques
The Projective Hypothesis
A Primer of Projective Techniques
Association Techniques
Completion Techniques
Construction Techniques
Expression Techniques
Reprise: The Projective Paradox
Projective Tests as Ancillary to the Interview
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Structured Assessment of Personality and Other Qualities
Self-Report Inventories
Theory-Guided Inventories
Factor-Analytically Derived Inventories
Criterion-Keyed Inventories
Attitudes and Their Assessment
The Assessment of Moral Judgment
The Assessment of Spiritual and Religious Concepts
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Behavioral and Observational Assessment
Foundations of Behavior Therapy
Behavior Therapy and Behavioral Assessment
Structured Interview Schedules
Assessment by Systematic Direct Observation
Assessment of Nonverbal Behavior
Analogue Behavioral Assessment
Ecological Momentary Assessment
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Neuropsychological Assessment and Screening
A Primer of Neurobiological Concepts
The Human Brain: An Overview
Structures and Systems of the Brain
Survival Systems: The Hindbrain and Midbrain
Attentional Systems
Motor/Coordination Systems
Memory Systems
Limbic System
Language Functions and Cerebral Lateralization
Visual System
Executive Functions
Neuropathology of Adulthood and Aging
Brain Imaging Techniques
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Neuropsychological Tests, Batteries, and Screening Tools
A Conceptual Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships
Assessment of Sensory Input
Measures of Attention and Concentration
Tests of Learning and Memory
Assessment of Language Functions
Tests of Spatial and Manipulatory Ability
Assessment of Executive Functions
Assessment of Motor Output
Test Batteries in Neuropsychological Assessment
Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery
Screening for Alcohol Use Disorders
Assessment of Mental Status in the Elderly
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Industrial, Occupational, and Forensic Assessment
Industrial and Organizational Assessment
The Role of Testing in Personnel Selection
Autobiographical Data
The Employment Interview
Cognitive Ability Tests
Personality and Temperament Tests
Paper-and-Pencil Integrity Tests
Work Sample and Situational Exercises
Appraisal of Work Performance
Career Assignment in Canada
Approaches to Performance Appraisal
Sources of Error in Performance Appraisal
Inventories for Interest Assessment
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Forensic Applications of Assessment
Standards for the Expert Witness
The Nature of Forensic Assessment
Evaluation of Suspected Malingering
Assessment of Mental State for the Insanity Plea
Competency to Stand Trial
Prediction of Violence and Assessment of Risk
Evaluation of Child Custody in Divorce
Personal Injury and Related Testimony
Interpretation of Polygraph Records
Specialized Personality Assessment in Forensic Settings
Controversy over the Psychologist as Expert Witness
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Legal Issues and the Future of Testing
Psychological Testing and the Law
The Sources and Nature of Law
Testing in School Systems and the Law
Disability Assessment and the Law
Unwise Testing Practices in Employee Screening
Legal Issues in Employment Testing
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Computerized Assessment and the Future of Testing
Computers in Testing: Overview and History
Computer-Based Test Interpretation: Current Status
High-Definition Video and Virtual Reality: The New Horizons of CAPA
Evaluation of Computer-Based Test Interpretation
Unwise Reliance on a Computerized MMPI Report
Computerized Adaptive Testing
The Future of Testing
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Major Landmarks in the History of Psychological Testing
Test Publisher Addresses
Major Tests and Their Publishers
Standard and Standardized-Score Equivalents of Percentile Ranks in a Normal Distribution
Glossary
References
Name Index
Subject Index
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