Basics of Biopsychology

ISBN-10: 0205461085
ISBN-13: 9780205461080
Edition: 2007
Authors: John P. J. Pinel
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Description: "Basics of Biopsychology" clearly presents the fundamentals of the study of the biology of behavior and makes the topics personally and socially relevant to the student. By emphasizing four interwoven themes (" Thinking Clearly, " " Clinical  More...

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Book details

List price: $234.00
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/24/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 624
Size: 8.75" wide x 10.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 3.344
Language: English

"Basics of Biopsychology" clearly presents the fundamentals of the study of the biology of behavior and makes the topics personally and socially relevant to the student. By emphasizing four interwoven themes (" Thinking Clearly, " " Clinical Implications, " " The Evolutionary Perspective, " and " Cognitive Neuroscience" ) throughout the book, the major recent developments in the rapidly changing field of biopsychology come alive clearly and completely for students. How Biopsychologists Think about Behavior, Anatomy of the Brain, Neural Activity and How to Study It, The Visual System, Mechanisms of Perception, The Sensorimotor System, Development of the Nervous System, Brain Damage and Neuroplasticity, Learning, Memory, and Amnesia, Hunger, Eating, and Health, Hormones and Sex, Sleep, Dreaming, and Circadian Rhythms, Health Psychology, Lateralization, Language, and the Split Brain, and Behavioral Neuroscience of Psychiatric Disorders " " "biopsychology"

Preface
To the Student
About the Author
Biopsychology and Its Foundations
Introduction to Biopsychology: How Biopsychologists Think about Behavior
The Case of Jimmie G., the Man Frozen in Time
Four Major Themes of This Book
What Is Biopsychology?
Human Evolution
Fundamental Genetics
Thinking about the Biology of Behavior: Mind-Brain and Nature-Nurture Issues
Key Terms
Visual Summary
The Anatomy of the Brain: The Systems, Structures, and Cells That Make Up Your Nervous System
General Layout of the Nervous System
Cells of the Nervous System
Neuroanatomical Techniques and Directions
The Spinal Cord
The Five Divisions of the Brain
Major Structures of the Brain
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Neural Activity and How to Study It: How Neurons Work
The Lizard, a Case of Parkinson's Disease
The Neuron' s Resting Membrane Potential
Postsynaptic Potentials and Action Potentials
Conduction of Action Potentials
Synaptic Transmission: Chemical Transmission of Signals from One Neuron to Another
The Neurotransmitters
How Biopsychologists Study the Brain
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Sensory and Motor Systems
The Visual System: How We See
The Case of Mrs. Richards: Fortification Illusions and the Astronomer
Light Enters the Eye and Reaches the Retina
The Retina and Translation of Light into Neural Signals
From Retina to Primary Visual Cortex
Seeing Edges
Seeing Color
Cortical Mechanisms of Vision: Beyond Primary Visual Cortex
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Mechanisms of Perception: Hearing, Touch, Smell, Taste, and Attention: How You Know the World
The Case of the Man Who Could See Only One Thing at a Time
Principles of Sensory System Organization
Auditory System
Somatosensory System: Touch and Pain
The Chemical Senses: Smell and Taste
Selective Attention
Key Terms
Visual Summary
The Sensorimotor System: How You Do What You Do
The Case of Rhonda, the Dexterous Cashier
Three Principles of Sensorimotor Function
Sensorimotor Association Cortex
Secondary Motor Cortex
Primary Motor Cortex
Cerebellum and Basal Ganglia
Descending Motor Pathways
Sensorimotor Spinal Circuits
Central Sensorimotor Programs
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Plasticity of the Brain
Development of the Nervous System: From Fertilized Egg to You
The Case of Genie
Phases of Neurodevelopment
Postnatal Cerebral Development in Human Infants
Effects of Experience on the Early Development, Maintenance, and Reorganization of Neural Circuits
Neuroplasticity in Adults
Disorders of Neurodevelopment: Autism and Williams Syndrome
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Brain Damage and Neuroplasticity: Can the Brain Recover from Damage?
The Ironic Case of Professor P.
Causes of Brain Damage
Neuropsychological Diseases
Animal Models of Human Neuropsychological Diseases
Neuroplastic Responses to Nervous System Damage: Degeneration, Regeneration, Reorganization, and Recovery
Neuroplasticity and the Treatment of Nervous System Damage
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Learning, Memory, and Amnesia: How Your Brain Stores Information
Amnesic Effects of Bilateral Medial Temporal Lobectomy
Amnesia of Korsakoff' s Syndrome
Amnesia of Alzheimer' s Disease
Amnesia after Concussion: Evidence for Consolidation
Neuroanatomy of Object-Recognition Memory
The Hippocampus and Memory for Spatial Location
Where Are Memories Stored?
Synaptic Mechanisms of Learning and Memory
Conclusion: Infantile Amnesia and the Biopsychologist Who Remembered H.M.
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Biopsychology of Motivation
Hunger, Eating, and Health: Why Do Many People Eat Too Much?
The Case of the Man Who Forgot Not to Eat
Digestion and Energy Flow
Theories of Hunger and Eating: Set Points versus Positive Incentives
Factors That Determine What, When, and How Much We Eat
Physiological Research on Hunger and Satiety
Body Weight Regulation: Set Points versus Settling Points
Human Obesity
Anorexia Nervosa
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Hormones and Sex: What' s Wrong with the Mamawawa?
The Developmental and Activational Effects of Sex Hormones
The Men-Are-Men-and-Women-Are-Women Assumption
The Neuroendocrine System
Hormones and Sexual Development
Three Cases of Exceptional Human Sexual Development
Effects of Gonadal Hormones on Adults
Neural Mechanisms of Sexual Behavior
Sexual Orientation, Hormones, and the Brain
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Sleep, Dreaming, and Circadian Rhythms: How Much Do You Need to Sleep?
The Case of the Woman Who Wouldn't Sleep
Physiological and Behavioral Events of Sleep
REM Sleep and Dreaming
Why Do We Sleep, and Why Do We Sleep When We Do?
Comparative Analysis of Sleep
Circadian Sleep Cycles
Effects of Sleep Deprivation
Four Areas of the Brain Involved in Sleep
The Circadian Clock: Neural and Molecular Mechanisms
Drugs That Affect Sleep
Sleep Disorders
The Effects of Long-Term Sleep Reduction
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Biopsychology of Health
Health Psychology: Addiction, Emotion, and Stress: Impact of Psychological Factors on Health
The Ironic Case of the Drugged High School Teachers
Principles of Drug Addiction
Effects on Health of Five Commonly Abused Drugs
Addiction and the Neural Mechanisms of Motivation
Introduction to the Biopsychology of Emotion
Stress and Health
Brain Mechanisms of Emotion
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Lateralization, Language, and the Split Brain: The Left Brain and the Right Brain of Language
Cerebral Lateralization of Function: Introduction
The Split Brain
Differences between the Left and Right Hemispheres
Cortical Localization of Language: The Wernicke-Geschwind Model
Evaluation of the Wernicke-Geschwind Model
The Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Language
The Cognitive Neuroscience Approach and Dyslexia
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Behavioral Neuroscience of Psychiatric Disorders: The Brain Unhinged
Schizophrenia
Affective Disorders: Depression and Mania
Anxiety Disorders
Tourette Syndrome
Clinical Trials: Development of New Psychotherapeutic Drugs
Key Terms
Visual Summary
Epilogue
Appendixes
The Autonomic Nervous System
Some Functions of Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Activation
The Cranial Nerves
Functions of the Cranial Nerves
Nuclei of the Thalamus
Nuclei of the Hypothalamus
Glossary
References
Credits
Name Index
Subject Index

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