Anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean

ISBN-10: 0205380999
ISBN-13: 9780205380992
Edition: 2005
Authors: Harry Sanabria
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Description: The first single-authored comprehensive introduction to major contemporary research trends, issues, and debates on the anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean. The text provides wide and historically informed coverage of key facets of Latin  More...

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Book details

List price: $101.95
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 9/30/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 448
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.640
Language: English

The first single-authored comprehensive introduction to major contemporary research trends, issues, and debates on the anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean. The text provides wide and historically informed coverage of key facets of Latin American and Caribbean societies and their cultural and historical development as well as the powerful role of power and inequality in this development. One reviewer writes, ""The text moves well and builds over time, paying close attention to balancing both the Caribbean and Latin America as geographic regions, Spanish and non-Spanish speaking countries, and historical and contemporary issues in the field. I found the geographic breadth to be especially impressive."" Another notes that the contents ""reflect the insights of an anthropologist who knows ""Latin America"" intimately and extensively.""

Acknowledgments and Thanks
Preface
Analytical Approach
Strengths and Features
Organization and Themes
Anthropology, Latin America, and the Caribbean
Why Study the Anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean?
Doing Cultural Anthropology and Documenting Everyday Life
Controversies: The Culture of Poverty and Perspectives on the Poor
Oscar Lewis and the "Culture of Poverty"
Dying and Weeping in Brazilian Favelas
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Endnotes
Introducing Latin America and the Caribbean
Delimiting and Imagining Latin America: Ideas, Spaces, and Places
Countries and Population
Migration and Cities
Languages
Landscapes, Culture, and Society
Major Landscapes
Structural Zones
Physiographic Regions
South America
Mexico
Central America
Caribbean
Landscape Transformations Before and After the Europeans
Controversies: Is the Culture Area Concept Still Useful?
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Endnotes
Society and Culture Before the Europeans
Anthropological Perspectives on the Evolution of Social Complexity
Phases in the Emergence of Societal Complexity in Latin America and the Caribbean
Paleo-Indian
Archaic
Formative
Horizon
The Inca and Aztec States
The Andean and Mesoamerican Highlands: Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries
The Inca and Aztec Expansions
Controversies: The Peopling of the Americas
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Endnote
Conquest, Colonialism, and Resistance
The European Conquests
Voyages, Exploration, and Expeditions
How Did (and Could) It Happen?
The Columbian Exchange
The Colonial Period
Mechanisms of Rule
Encomiendas, Repartimientos, and Tribute
Reducciones
Expansion of the State Bureaucracy
Local Elites as Power and Cultural Brokers
Rituals and Ceremonies
Pillars of the Colonial Economy: Haciendas, Plantations, and Mines
Haciendas
Plantations and Slavery
Mines
Resisting the Colonial Order
Rebellions
Evasive, "Everyday" Forms of Resistance
Ethnogenesis
Colonial Legacies, Independence, and the Coalescence of Nation-States
Controversies: The Quincentennial, or Remembering Columbus
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Endnotes
Cultural Politics of Race and Ethnicity
Racial Categories and Racial Fluidity in Latin America
Colonialism, Empire, and the Invention of Race
Marriage and Race in the Eighteenth Through Early Twentieth Centuries
Scientific Racisms of the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Culture and Race
Decency, Hygiene, and Race
Mestizos and Mestizaje: Class, Race, and Nation
The Rise of Ethnicity and Ethnic Movements
Indian versus Indigenous
Ethnicity, Culture, and Class
Indigenous Movements and the Politics of Difference
Land, Ethnicity, and Indianness
Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Gender
Nationalism
Gender
Controversies: Intellectual Property Rights and Indigenous Peoples
In the United States: Race and Respect in the Streets of New York City
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Cultural Constructions of Gender and Sexuality
Pre-European Gender Systems
Sexuality, Parallelism, and Complementarity
Gender and State Expansion
The Conquest and Colonial Period
Gender and the Consolidation of Nation-States
Femininity and Masculinity: Rethinking Marianismo and Machismo
Contesting Marianismo: Women and Gender in Revolutionary Settings
Cuba
Chile
Nicaragua
Contesting Marianismo: Sexuality and Female-Headed Households
Sexuality
Matrifocality: Female-Headed Households
Real "Machos" or Contingent Masculinities?
Contesting Machismo: Alcohol and Fatherhood
Alcohol
Fathering
Models of Behavior or Lived Experience?
Shifting Contours of Masculinity, Femininity, and Sexual Identities
Controversies: Gender, Masculinity, and Violence in Amazonian Societies
In the United States: Courtship, Sexuality, and Love Across the Border
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Religion and Everyday Life
Popular Catholicism
Major Attributes of Popular Catholicism
Facets of Popular Catholicism
The Virgin Mary
Working with the Devil
Todos Santos: The Days of the Dead
The Spread of Protestantism
Maya Women in Mexico
Andean Villagers in Highland Ecuador
The African Heritage: Candomble, Santeria, and Vodou
Controversies: Mesoamerican Civil-Religious Cargo Systems
In the United States: Re-Creating Vodou in Brooklyn
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Striving for Health and Coping with Illness
Medical Anthropology
The Poor Health of Latin America and the Caribbean
Mortality, Access to Biomedicine, and Malnutrition
Poverty, Inequality, and Disease
Tuberculosis
AIDS
Gender and Health
Folk Illnesses: Susto, Mal de Ojo, and Nervios
The Expressive and Healthy Body
Bodies, Communities, and Mountains in the Andes
Body and Knowledge in Lowland South America
Jamaican Bodies: Health, Sexuality, and Gender
Religion and Healing
Shamanism, Ritual Poetics, and Hallucinogenic Healing
Medicine and Religious Pluralism
Controversies: Marijuana and Coca, Health and Politics
Marijuana in Jamaica and Costa Rica
Coca in the Andes
In the United States: Susto and Mal de Ojo Among Florida Farmworkers
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Food, Cuisine, and Cultural Expression
Food and Culture
Historical and Cultural Sketch of Latin American Food
Food, Consumption, and Ritual
Guinea Pigs and Ritual in the Andes
Juthaa: Sharing Polluting Food in Trinidad
Communicating Gender and Sexuality Through Food
Highland Ecuador
Jamaica
Brazil
Cuisine, Cookbooks, and Nation-Building
Globalization and National Cuisine in Belize
Cookbooks, Tamales, and Mexican Nation-Building
Controversies: "Hot" and "Cold" Foods
In the United States: Tamales, Gender, and Survival
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Endnotes
Perspectives on Globalization
Globalization
Tourism, Crafts, and Cultural Authenticity
In Search of the "Authentic" and the Timeless
Producing "Ethnic" Handicrafts
Transnational Production and Labor
The North American Free Trade Agreement
Transnational Migrants in the United States and Canada
Labor and Gender in Mexican and Guatemalan Maquilas
Lurking Danger on the Borderlands: Women, Maquilas, and Death
Global Interests and the Environment
Sustainable Development and Bioprospecting
Deforestation and Degradation
The Amazon
Central America
Controversies: Global Interests and Ethnographic Representations in the Amazon
In the United States: Domestic Workers in the Midst of Affluence
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Endnote
Manifestations of Popular Culture
What Is Popular Culture?
Sports
Soccer
The Central American Soccer War
Nationalism, Masculinity, and Party Politics in Argentine Soccer
Popular Discontent and Soccer in Urban Chile
Baseball
The Dominican Republic
Cuba
Carnaval and Popular Celebrations
The Origins of Carnaval
Understanding Carnaval
Tourism and Violence in Brazilian Carnaval
Fertility, Community, and the Supernatural in Bolivian Carnaval
Music and Dance
Tango
Salsa
Reggae
Television and Telenovelas
Why Are Telenovelas so Popular?
The Cultural Impact of Telenovelas and Television Programming
Controversies: Tango and Sexuality
In the United States: Quinceaneras, Gender, and Tradition
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Endnote
Violence, Memory, and Striving for a Just World
Violence and Memory
The Central American Civil Wars
Nicaragua and El Salvador
Nicaragua
El Salvador
Guatemala's Despotic State
Chile's Pinochet
Argentina's Dirty War
Colombia's Violencia
Mexico's Zapatistas
Peru's Shining Path
Controversies: Rigoberta Menchu, and the Politics of Memory and Culture
In the United States: Fleeing War and Reconstituting New Lives
Summary
Issues and Questions
Key Terms and Concepts
Bibliography
Glossary
Index

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