Supporting Children in Their Home, School, and Community

ISBN-10: 0205360920
ISBN-13: 9780205360925
Edition: 2004
List price: $115.20
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Description: While most texts touch lightly on families, Sailor's text provides in-depth, readable coverage of diverse family forms, cultural differences, early care and education, schooling, the media, community services, and social policies affecting the  More...

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Book details

List price: $115.20
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/4/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 456
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

While most texts touch lightly on families, Sailor's text provides in-depth, readable coverage of diverse family forms, cultural differences, early care and education, schooling, the media, community services, and social policies affecting the development of children. This book promotes the values and examines the challenges of raising and educating children in a pluralistic society. The book covers a variety of cultures, family forms, learning styles and physical and mental abilities. Conditions affecting education, various curricula, teachers' roles, learning styles, and multiple intelligences, technology, and school choice are examined. Sailor discusses the importance of the community and how to utilize its services. Students learn ways to advocate to improve conditions for children, in the family, child care, the school, or the community such as a park, out-of-school care, or support the passage of a school bond.

Foreword
Introduction
Growing Up in Society
Society
Agrarian Societies
Industrial Societies
Postindustrial Societies on Information Economics
Culture
Components of Culture
Subcultures
Counterculture
High Culture and Popular Culture
Multicultural or Anti-bias Environment
Social Classes in the United States
Family Characteristics and Options for Children
Upper Class and Lower Class
Middle Class and Working Class
Underclass
Race and Ethnicity
Gender
Ways Children Are Socialized
An Ecological Model
Agents of Socialization
Family, Child Care, School, Peers, Media, Government, and Community
Religion
Childhood: Yesterday and Today
War on Poverty
Current Trends
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
The Family Shapes the Child
How Forces in Society Affect Family Life
Family: A Facilitating Environment
The Family Provides Emotional Attachment
Infants First Attachments
Characteristics of Interactions Affecting Attachment
Secure and Insecure Attachments
Attachment Failure and Loss
The Family Provides Nurturing
Qualities of Temperament
The Family Facilitates Personal and Social Development
Goodness of Fit
Social Cognition
Acquiring a Sense of Self
Self as Observable Surface Attributes
Psychological Self
Determinants of Self-Concept
The "Looking-Glass Self"
Verbal Attribution
Self-Observation
Causal Attribution of Behavior
Social Comparison
Acquiring a Sense of Others
Causal Attribution
Perspective Taking
Self-Esteem
High Self-Esteem and Violence and Aggression
Race/Ethnicity and Self-Esteem
Cultural Identity and Self-Esteem
Moral Development
Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning
Family's Influences on Moral Development
Sex Differences and Gender Identity
Biological Determinants
Gender Development
Family Influences on Gender Role Acquisition
Traditional Roles and Androgynous Roles
Room to Grow
A Child's Membership in the Family
Children: Society's Future
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
The Rich Diversity of Family Forms
Origin of the Family
Contemporary Families
Extended Families
The Nuclear Family
Family Structure: Organization, Roles of Parents and Children
Challenges of Nuclear Families
Strengths of This Family Form
Single-Parent Families
Family Structure
Challenges
Strengths of This Family Form
Blended Families
Family Structure
Challenges of Parents and Children
Strengths of Blended Families
Current Trends
Key Points: Families, Origin, Contemporary, Extended, and Nuclear
Critical Thinking Questions
Key Points: Single-Parent Families
Critical Thinking Questions
Key Points: Blended Families
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Related Readings
References: Families, Origin, Contemporary, Extended, Nuclear
References: Single-Parent Families
References: Blended Family
Routes to Parenting
Teens as Parents
Societal Conditions
Structure
Challenges for Parents, and Children, and Society
Current Trends
Foster Parents
History of Foster Care
Roles of Foster Parents and Children
Challenges for Foster Parents, Children, and Society
Societal Support Services
Current Trends
Adoptive Families
History of Adoption
Family Structure
Challenges of Parents and Children
Types of Adoption
Sources of Adoption
Societal Responsibilities
Current Trends in Adoption
Grandparents as Parents: Kinship Care
Grandparent Households
Challenges for Grandparents and Grandchildren
Society's Response
Current Trends
Lesbian and Gay Parents
History
Family Structure
Challenges for Lesbian and Gay Families
Research on Children of Gay and/or Lesbian Families
Challenges for Society
Current Trends
Key Points: Teens as Parents
Critical Thinking Questions
Key Points: Foster Care
Critical Thinking Questions
Key Points: Adoption
Critical Thinking Questions
Key Points: Grandparents as Parents
Critical Thinking Questions
Key Points: Lesbian and Gay Parents
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
References: Teen Families
References: Foster Care
References: Adoption
References: Grandparents as Parents
References: Gay and Lesbian Families
Child Rearing
A Challenge for Parents and for Society
Influences on Child-Rearing Practices
Temperament
Parental Child-Rearing Experiences
Religious Beliefs
Cultural and Ethnic Groups
Socioeconomic Status
Scientific and Popular Media Information
Societal Conditions
Changing Roles of Parents
Fathers in Today's Families
Redefining and Supporting Fatherhood
Benefits from Fathers' Involvement in Child Rearing
Worldwide Interest in the Role of Fathers
Children's Developmental Stages
Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development
Stages of Parenthood
Galinsky's Six Parental Stages
Styles of Parenting
Four Basic Parenting Styles
Effects of Parenting Styles on Children's Behavior
Cultural Differences in Parenting Styles
Ethnic/Racial Child-Rearing Patterns
African American Families
Asian American Families
Hispanic American Families
Native American Families
Parenting a Child with Special Needs
Initial Adjustments
Support Systems
Acceptance
Parenting Education
Parenting Programs for Enhancement, Remediation, and for Fathers
Discipline and Punishment
Positive Discipline
Punishment
Physical Punishment of Children
Societal Norms Supporting Punishment and Violence
ABC's of Good Parenting
Key Points: Child Rearing
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Family Strengths and Stresses
Healthy and Unhealthy Family Characteristics
Sense of Stability or Instability
Clear, Open Communication or Confused, Closed Messages
Nurturing and Mutuality or Neglect and Isolation
Individuality to Enmeshment of Members
Roles: Complimentary and Realistic to Poorly Defined and Unrealistic
Values and Standards: Clear and Consistent or Inconsistent
Solve Problems Coping with Stress or Disintegration
Strong Ties with Friends and Community or Lack of Outside Involvement
Stress
Types of Stressors
Stages of Stress and Coping Strategies
Family Stressors and Coping Skills
Divorce
Phases of Divorce
What to Tell Children
Coping with Divorce
Joint Custody
Death of a Parent
Children's Reactions
What to Tell Children
Resilient Children
Characteristics of Supportive Environments
Current Trends
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Early Education and Child Care: New Challenges
Effects of Early Childhood Education and Care
Effects of Mothers' Employment on Children's Development
Infant Development
Preschool and School-Age Children
Child-Care Options
Family Child-Care Homes
Center-Based Programs
Preschool and Nursery School Programs
Parent Cooperatives
Employer-Supported Child Care
Full-Day Child-Care Centers
Infant Centers
Head Start
Early Head Start
The Nanny Program
Contrasting Curriculums: Approaches to Learning
Teacher-Initiated Approaches
Child-Teacher-Initiated Approaches
Child-Initiated Approaches
The Reggio Emilia Approach to Early Childhood Education
Quality Care and Assessment
Multicultural, Anti-Bias Environment
Anti-Bias Environment
How Can High-Quality Care Be Measured?
Voluntary Accreditation of Child-Care Programs
Military and Nonmilitary Child Care
Parent Involvement
Building Blocks for Good Relationships between Parents and Teachers
Stumbling Blocks
Parent-Teacher Conferences
What Parents Should Look for in Child Care
Homeless Children and High-Quality, Comprehensive Child Care
Can Early Childhood Education Intervention Make a Lasting Difference?
School-Age Children and Out-of School Care
Latchkey or Self-Care Children
School-Age Child Care or Out-of-School Care
Funding and Partnerships
Defining High Quality in School-Age Child Care
Community Planning
Early Childhood Education and Care for the Twenty-First Century
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Schooling
The American Education System
Functions of Education
Sources of Funding and Control for Schools
Conditions Affecting the Functions of Schools
Teachers' Influences
Roles of Teachers
Children's Learning Styles
Multiple Intelligence Theory
Integrating Learning Styles with Multiple Intelligences
Family School Involvements
Encouraging Parent Involvement
Parent-Teacher Relationships
Ways to Communicate with Parents
Methods to Support Parental Involvement in Schools
Difficult Problems: Irate Parents and Chronic Complainers
Kindergarten
School Readiness
Developmentally and Culturally Appropriate Programs
Private Schooling
Magnet Schools
Home Schooling
Schooling for Special Needs Children
Inclusion or Full Inclusion
The Charter School Experiment
Freedom, Responsibility, and Accountability
Charter Schools: A Smorgasbord of Schools
Evaluation of Charter Schools
Educating and Supporting Homeless Children
Needs of School Age Homeless Children
Assessment of Public Schools
National Goals for Education by the Year 2000
Computers, the Internet, Schools, and the Twenty-First Century
Schools Help Equalize Access to Computers
Current Trends
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Siblings, Peers, and Friends
Sibling's Special Place
Qualities of Sibling Relationships
Influences on Sibling Relationships
Birth Order
Spacing, Gender, and Age
Family Size
Effect of Parent-Child Relationships on Sibling Relationships
Individual Children's Characteristics and Sibling Relationships
Effects of Sibling Interaction on Development
Peers
Development of the Peer Group
Age, Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Culture
Functions of Peer Groups
Build Social Competence
Provide Companionship
Testing for One's Identity
Explore Behavior, Morals, and Values
Teach Peer Culture
Facilitate Personal Independence
Facilitate Learning about the Adult World and Societal Values
Skills Facilitating Peer Acceptance
Adult Support in Development of Peer Acceptance and Friendships
Adult-Sponsored Activities That Build Peer Relationships
Sports and Recreational Programs
Friends
Development of Friendships
Understanding of Friendships
Basis for Selection
Environmental Conditions Affecting the Selection of Friends
Characteristics of Popular, Rejected, and Ignored Children
Loneliness in Children
Contributing Factors and Consequences
Strategies for Teachers
Shy or Withdrawn Students
Contributing Factors and Consequences
Strategies for Teachers
Problems in Relationships
Aggression
Teasing
How Parents and Teachers Can Help
Bullying
Characteristics of Bullies and Victims
Intervention Programs
Current Trends
Key Points: Siblings
Critical Thinking Questions
Key Points: Peers and Friends
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Mass Media and Technology
Role of Mass Media
Provide Formal and Informal Education
Provide Entertainment
Provide a Broader View of the World
Reflect Ideas, Values, and Problems of a Society
Shape Behavior and Social Values
Control of the Media
Regulations and Laws Governing the Media
Who Controls the Messages of Mass Media?
Private and Public Television and Radio
Television, Video Games, Computers, and the Internet
Television and Children
Influence of TV on Developmental Needs of Children
Programs Enhancing Learning and Providing Healthy Entertainment
Television Violence and Children's Aggressive Behavior
Challenge for Change: Whose Responsibility?
Video Games
Computers and the Internet
Print Media and Children
Influence on the Developmental Needs of Children
Minimizing Effects of Violence, Advertisers, and Stereotyping
Current Trends
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Violence in the Lives of Children and Peaceful Alternatives
Roots and Consequences of Violence
Effects of Violence on Development
Forms of Violence
Child Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect
Causes and Conditions Surrounding Child Maltreatment
Community; State, and National Resources
Domestic Violence
Substance Abuse in the Family
Dysfunctional Family: Compulsive Behavior and Survival Roles
Gun Violence
School Violence
Juvenile Offenders
Helping Children Cope with Violence
Family Influences
School, and Recreational Program Staff Influences
Peaceful Alternatives to Violence
Societal Responses
Prevention Programs and Peaceful Alternatives
Current Trends
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Effects of Government and All Social Policies on Children and Families
Roles of Government
Policies at the National, State, and Local Levels
Legislative, Administrative, and Legal/Judicial Systems
Juvenile Justice System
Federal Programs Supporting Children and Families
Conditions Impacting Children and Their Families
Children with a Parent(s) in Prison
Support Programs
Advocacy
Advocacy, Coalitions, and Networking
Advocacy Groups and Projects
Where America Stands
Current Trends
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Community: Its Influence on Children
Functions of a Community
Life in Cities, Suburbs, and Rural Communities
Cities
Sense of Belonging and Segregation
Control over Personal Events or Conditions and Safety
Effects of Noise
Suburbs
Rural Communities
Characteristics Affecting All Communities
Economic Conditions
Neighborhoods
Environmental Problems
Community Services
Public and Private Agencies
Health Care: A Right or a Privilege?
Quality of Medical Care
Availability of Health Care
Affordable Health Care
Preventive Health Care
Obesity: A Growing Risk for Children
Mental Health Care
Hospice Care
Religious Organizations
Community Play Areas and Parks and Recreation Programs
Parks and Playgrounds Reflecting the Needs of Children
Six New York City Playgrounds
Playgrounds for All: Disabled and Nondisabled Children
Public-Private Partnerships for Play Space
Current Trends
Key Points
Critical Thinking Questions
Resources and References
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Author Index
Subject Index

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