Human Behavior and the Social Environment Shifting Paradigms in Essential Knowledge for Social Work Practice

ISBN-10: 0205329691
ISBN-13: 9780205329694
Edition: 3rd 2001
Author(s): Joe M. Schriver
Description: This text compares and contrasts both traditional (dominant) and alternative paradigms or worldviews in examining human behavior and the social environment. Professor Schriver's text is innovative in its examination of new paradigms that include  More...
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List Price: $79.20
Edition: 3rd
Copyright Year: 2001
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication Date: 10/25/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 576
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

This text compares and contrasts both traditional (dominant) and alternative paradigms or worldviews in examining human behavior and the social environment. Professor Schriver's text is innovative in its examination of new paradigms that include diversity, feminism, client empowerment, and other perspectives that are mandated by CSWE. Both traditional and alternative perspectives on individual development, families, groups, organizations, and communities are explored in the book. At each system level, attention is focused on the need for multiple perspectives that respect the vast diversity of persons and environments with whom social workers work. For example, in addition to traditional perspectives on individual development such as those of Freud, Kohlberg, Erikson, and Piaget, alternative perspectives on development are provided from feminist, multicultural, and gay-lesbian/bisexual perspectives such as Gilligan, Parham, Helms, and Cass. In each chapter, human diversity, oppression, social and economic justice, social work values and ethics, and populations-at-risk are an integral part of the content presented.

Preface to Third Edition
Human Behavior and the Social Environment (HBSE) and Paradigms
Purposes, Foundations, and Assumptions
Purposes of Social Work
Foundation Areas
Paradigms and Social Work
Two Types of Paradigms: Traditional and Alternative
Paradigm Analysis, Critical Thinking, and Deconstruction
Technology: Social Work and HBSE/SEHB
Paradigms and History
Social Work History: Science and Art
Paradigm Shift
Paradigm Shift, Social Work, and Social Change
Paradigms: Culture, Ethnicity, and Race
Culture and Society: Multiple Meanings
Ethnicity
Multiple Meanings of Race
Social Work and Cultural Competence
Paradigms, Culture, and Society
Social Work and the Liberal Arts
Paradigms, Power, and Empowerment
Summary/Transition
Internet Search Guide
References
Toward Understanding the Association of Socioeconomic Status and Health: A New Challenge for the Biopsychosocial Approach by Anderson and Armstead
Self-Determination from a Pacific Perspective by Ewalt and Mokuau
Traditional and Alternative Paradigms
Dimensions of Traditional and Dominant Paradigm
Positivistic/Scientific/Objective/Quantitative: Ways of Knowing
Masculinity/Patriarchy
Whiteness
Separate/Impersonal/Competitive
Privilege
Dimensions of Alternative/Possible Paradigms
Interpretive/Intuitive/Subjective/Qualitative: Ways of Knowing
Feminisms
Diversities
Interrelated/Personal/Integrative
Oppressions
Summary/Transition
Internet Search Guide
References
Providing Services to Hispanic/Latino Populations: Profiles in Diversity by Castex
Paradigm Thinking and Social Work Knowledge for Practice
Tools and Terms for Thinking About Thinking
Ontology and Epistemology
The Meaning of Metaphor
The Necessity of Appreciating Ambiguity
The Personal as Political: Individual and Social Change
Human Behavior and the Social Environment (HBSE) and Social Environment and Human Behavior (SEHB)
The Substantive Nature of Language and Words
Technology
Social Work and Assessment
Tools for Social Workers: Theories for Practice
Traditional Theoretical Perspectives
Mid-Range Theoretical Approaches
Alternative Theoretical Approaches
Summary/Transition
Internet Search Guide
References
Indigenous People and the Social Work Profession: Defining Culturally Competent Services by Weaver
Traditional/Dominant Perspectives on Individuals
A Critical Perspective on Developmental Journeys: Ladders to Climb?
Critiques of Traditional Stage-Based Theories of Individual Development
The Social Environment and Traditional Theories of Individual Development: Too Little "SE" and Too Much "HB"
Developmental Perspectives: Commonality and Diversity
Developmental Paradigms and Social Work
The Traditional and the Possible (Alternatives)
Reductionism and Determinism
Traditional and Dominant Developmental Theories
Freud
Piaget
Kohlberg
Analysis/Criticism: "Women's Place" in Freud, Piaget, Kohlberg
Erikson
Erikson's "Eight Ages of Man"
Levinson: Adult Development
Disengagement Theory of Aging
Analysis/Criticism: "Woman's Place" in Adult Development
Analysis/Criticism: Traditional Developmental Approaches and People of Color
Summary/Transition
Internet Search Guide
References
Negotiating the World: The Developmental Journey of African American Children by Gomes and Mabry
Alternative/Possible Perspectives on Individuals
Destinations
Alternative and Possible Developmental Theories
SEHB and Individual Development
Poverty: The Social Environment and the Life Span
A Global Perspective on Poverty: Hunger
Identity Development
Sexuality
Multiple Intelligences
Creativity
Focus: People of Color
Introduction
Who Are People of Color: Demographic Status
Who Are People of Color: Population and Population Change
Development Perspectives and People of Color: Emphasis on Children and Youth
An Interactive Model
Life Span and Adult Developmental Models and People of Color
The Adult Development of African American Men: An Extension of Levinson's Model of Adult Development
Multiracial Identities
Focus: Whiteness/White Identity
White Identity Development Ego Statuses
Focus: Women
Women and Development: A Different Voice
Adult Women and Development Experiences
Focus: Sexual Orientation
Sexual Orientation and Biology
Human Development Perspective on Lesbian, Gay Male, and Bisexual Development
Multiple Meanings of Lesbianism
Lewis's Model of Lesbian Development
Bisexualities
Cass's Model of Homosexual Identity Formation
Kimmel's Perspective on Adult Development and Aging
Focus: Person with Disabilities
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Persons with Disabilities and Social and Economic Justice
ADA and Advocating for Social and Economic Justice
Focus: Men
Men, Masculinity, and Identity
NOMAS: An Alternative Vision of Maleness
Men and Violence
Summary/Commonalities
Internet Search Guide
References
The Development of Women's Sense of Self by Miller
Perspectives on Familiness
Familiness
Social Work and Families
Social Work Implications
Current Influences on Families
SEHB: The Social Environment and Family
The Digital Divide: Technology and Families
Family and Global Issues: Immigration
Approaches to Understanding Familiness
Life Course Theory and Familiness
Family-Centered Practice
Traditional Models
Traditional Definitions
Duvall and Hill: National Conference on Family Life Model
Changes in Traditional Family Life Cycle Models
Grandparents as Parents
The Alternative/Possible
Alternative Definitions
Focus: People of Color
Adaptive Strategies
Familiness and Multiracial Realities
Focus: Women
Feminist Perspectives on Families and Familiness
Summary
Focus: Sexual Orientation
Familiness from a Lesbian/Gay Perspective
Traditional Family Development Theories: Implications for Gay and Lesbian Families
Defining Gay and Lesbian Families
Summary
Internet Search Guide
References
Quiet Success: Parenting Parenting Strengths among African Americans by Hurd, Moore, and Rogers
Perspectives on Groups
Definitions
Historical Perspective
History of Group Theory and Practice
History of a Group
Traditional and Alternative Perspectives
Process and Product Dimensions
Goals and Purposes
Membership
Leadership, Followership, and Decision-Making
Democratic Groups
Roles and Norms
Conformity and Deviance in Groups
Individual and Group Dimensions
Stage Theories and Models
Social Systems/Ecological Perspectives
Diversity, Oppression, and Groups
Effective Groups
Summary
Internet Search Guide
References
Democracy, Diversity, and Social Capital by Chang
Perspectives on Organizations
Historical Perspective on Organizations
Basic Concepts/Definitions
Types of Organizations
Technology, Organizations, and Social Policy
The Digital Divide and Organizations: Technology, Poverty, and Inequality
Traditional Paradigms
Scientific Management or Classical Theory
Bureaucracy
Human Relations
Theory X and Theory Y
Systems Perspectives
Contingency Theory
Strengths, Weaknesses, Criticism
Alternative Paradigms
Organizational Culture
Organizational Climate
The "Iron Law of Oligarchy"
A Critical Perspective
Consensus Organizations
Modified Consensus Organizations
Feminist Approaches to Organizations
Chaos/Complexity Theory and Organizations
Theory Z
Total Quality Management
Learning Organizations
Global Issues
World-Class Organizations
The Intelligent Organization
Managing Diversity
Conclusion
Summary
Internet Search Guide
References
Persons with Disabilities--I Am John by Fishley
Role of Latina-Owned Beauty Parlors in a Latino Community by Delgado
Perspectives on Community (ies)
Historical Perspectives on Community
Defining Community
Traditional Perspectives
Community as Place
Community as Functions
Community as Middle Ground, Mediator, or Link
Community as Ways of Relating
Community as Social System
Alternative Perspectives
Alternative Approaches to Community
SEHB and Community: Poverty Reduction
Community Building/Community Renewal
People- and Place-Based Strategies
Community Building and Physical Environment
Comprehensive Community Initiatives
Economic Perspectives on Community: Capital
Types of Capital: Financial, Human, and Social
Civil Society, Civic Culture, and Civic Ethic
Social Capital and Diversity
Nonplace Community
Technology and Community
Technology and Social Network
Community as Social Network
Qualitative Aspects of Community
Intentional Communities
Community: Social and Economic Justice and Oppression
Diversity and Community
Summary
Internet Search Guide
References
Hip-Hop Nation: The Undeveloped Social Capital of Black Urban America by Sullivan
Turbulence among a Native People: Social Work Practice with Hawaiians by Mokuau and Matsuoka
Putting It All Together: Toward More Complete Views of Humans and Knowledge about Us
Ending Is Beginning
Interconnections
Traditional or Alternative or Both?
Alternative Paradigms and Social Work
Research and Knowledge for Practice (HSBE/SEHB)
Research, Practice, and Field Partnerships
Practice and/as Policy
Re-visioning through Alternative Paradigms
Beginnings
References
Index

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