Introduction to Forensic Anthropology A Textbook

ISBN-10: 020532181X
ISBN-13: 9780205321810
Edition: 2002
Authors: Steven N. Byers
List price: $86.20
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Book details

List price: $86.20
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/9/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 432
Size: 7.09" wide x 9.57" long x 0.98" tall
Weight: 2.134
Language: English

Steve Byers received his B.A. and M.A. from Colorado State University in Ft. Collins, CO. His Master's Thesis, entitled "A reconstruction of the skull of Gigantopithecus blacki", formed the basis for YFX Studio's full reconstruction of Gigantopithecus on display at the San Diego Museum of Man. His first teaching job was at the University of Southern Colorado (now call Colorado State Universiy, Pueblo) where he taught Anthropology for two and a half years. From there, he worked as a social and psychological researcher until he decided that his true love was Anthropology. He enrolled at the University of New Mexico (UNM) in Albuquerque, NM, where he studied skeletal biology and bioarchaeology.Since graduating in 1992, he has taught part-time at the various campuses of UNM as well as Santa Fe Community College. When given the opportunity to teach a forensic anthropology class at UNM in 1998, he realized that the field lacked a comprehensive textbook. Since no one appeared to be writing one, he decided to take on the project. The first edition of his textbook, published by Allyn and Bacon (since subsumed under Prentice Hall), appeared in 2002, and has been put into new editions three times. The book received a very favorable review in the Journal of Forensic Sciences, as well as several regional anthropology associations.

Preface
Foreword
Introduction
Historical Background
Formative Period: Early 1800s to 1938
Consolidation Period: 1939 to 1971
Modern Period: 1972 to the Present
Forensic Anthropologists and the Medicolegal Community
The Forensic Anthropology Protocol and the Layout of This Book
Methods of Forensic Anthropology
Data Gathering Methods
Data Analysis Methods
Basics of Human Osteology and Odontology
Overview of the Human Skeleton
Cranial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Basic Topics in Osteology
Anatomy of Bone
Bone Growth
Joint Types
Overview of the Human Dentition
Establishing the Forensic Context
Human versus Nonhuman
Maturity Distinctions
Architectural Differences
Bear Paws and Pig's Teeth
Contemporary versus Noncontemporary
State of Preservation
Body Modifications
Personal Belongings
Conditions of Interment
Recovery Scene Methods
Preliminary Issues
Locating Remains
Searching for Human Remains
Searching for Associated Materials
Mapping Remains
Grave Excavation
Collecting Remains
Mass Disasters
Personnel
Locating, Mapping, Collecting
Temporary Morgue
Victim Information
Estimating Time Since Death
Overview of Decomposition
Decomposition and Skeletonization
Surface Finds
Buried and Submerged Remains
Animal Scavenging
Other Methods
Forensic Entomology
Forensic Botany
Deterioration of Clothing and Other Materials
Initial Treatment and Examination
Forensic Anthropology Laboratory
Preparation of Remains
Bulk Soft Tissue Removal
Disarticulation
Residual Soft Tissue Removal
Stabilizing Remains
Reconstruction, Sorting, and Reassembly
Reconstruction
Sorting
Reassembly
Inventorying Remains
Skeletal Inventory Form (Adults)
Skeletal Inventory Form (Subadults)
Attribution of Ancestry
Anthroposcopic Traits
Cranial Skeleton
Postcranial Skeleton
Metric Methods
Indexes
Discriminant Functions
Miscellaneous Ancestral Characteristics
Attribution of Sex
Sexing the Pelvis
Anthroposcopic Traits
Metric Methods
Sexing the Skull
Anthroposcopic Traits
Metric Methods
Miscellaneous Methods
Multiple Postcranial Bones
Long Limb Bone Lengths
Scapula
Humerus
Sexing Subadults
Auricular Surface
Greater Sciatic Notch
Other Methods
Estimation of Age at Death
Subadults
Long Bone Lengths
Union of Primary Ossification Centers
Tooth Formation
Tooth Eruption
Epiphyseal Union
Adults
Pubic Symphyses
Auricular Surface
Sternal Rib Ends
Cranial Suture Closure
Other Methods
Calculation of Stature
Basics of Stature Reconstruction
Full Skeleton Methods
Long Limb Bones
Other Skeletal Elements
Partial Long Limb Bones
Adjustments to Stature
Age of Individual
Bone Shrinkage
Reported versus Measured Stature
Death, Trauma, and the Skeleton
Cause and Manner of Death
Basics of Bone Trauma
Characteristics of Forces Causing Trauma
Direction of Force
Speed of Force
Focus of Force
Types of Trauma
Blunt Force Trauma
Sharp Force Trauma
Projectile Trauma
Miscellaneous Trauma
Timing of Bone Injury
Antemortem Trauma
Perimortem Trauma
Postmortem Damage
Projectile Trauma
Basics of Ammunition and Firearms
Size
Bullet Construction
Projectile Velocity
Basics of Bullet Travel
Effects of Bullets on Bone
Wound Beveling
Wound Shape
Wound Size
Fracture Lines
Bullet Wound Analysis
Description of Wound(s)
Estimation of Caliber
Estimation of Bullet Construction
Estimation of Velocity
Estimation of Direction of Fire
Estimation of Sequence
Miscellaneous Estimations
Pellet Wound Analysis
Miscellaneous Projectiles
Blunt Trauma
Characteristics of Instruments
Size
Shape
Weight
Effects of Blunt Instruments
Skull
Long Bones
Other Bones
Wound Analysis
Description of Wound(s)
Estimation of Size
Estimation of Shape
Estimation of Direction
Estimation of Energy
Estimation of Number
Estimation of Sequence
Miscellaneous Estimations
Sharp and Miscellaneous Trauma
Sharp Trauma
Effects of Sharp Instruments
Wound Analysis
Strangulation
Chemical Trauma
Antemortem Skeletal Conditions
Pathological Conditions
Lytic Lesions
Proliferative Lesions
Deformative Lesions
Skeletal Anomalies
Accessory Bones
Nonfusion Anomalies
Accessory Foramen
Miscellaneous Anomalies
Occupational Stress Markers
Postmortem Changes to Bone
Dismemberments
Basics of Saws and Saw Damage
Analysis of Saw Marks
Animal Scavenging
Carnivores
Rodents
Fire Damage
Weathering
Burial Damage
Water Transport Damage
Miscellaneous
Additional Aspects of Individualization
Facial Reproduction
Assessing Handedness
Estimating Body Weight
Identification Using Antemortem Records
Radiography
Frontal Sinus
Other Structures
Photographic Superimposition
Forensic Odontology
Ancestry (Race)
Age
Sex
"Civilized" Teeth
Cause of Death
Antemortem Health
Positive Identification
Miscellaneous Techniques
Conclusion
Ethical Responsibilities
The Final Report
Courtroom Testimony
Future of Forensic Anthropology
References
Note on Photography
Index

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