Experimental Methodology

ISBN-10: 0205308325
ISBN-13: 9780205308323
Edition: 8th 2001
List price: $102.00
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Description: An introduction to the basic principles of psychological research (both experimental and non-experimental) with new coverage of qualitative research. Known for its readability, Experimental Methodology is organized so that each chapter focuses on  More...

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Book details

List price: $102.00
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/10/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 452
Size: 7.72" wide x 9.53" long x 0.94" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

An introduction to the basic principles of psychological research (both experimental and non-experimental) with new coverage of qualitative research. Known for its readability, Experimental Methodology is organized so that each chapter focuses on a specific step in the research process. The primary orientation of this text is toward providing instruction in the experimental approach, but an introduction to non-experimental approaches such as ex-post facto research, correlational research, and survey research is provided. Rather than dichotomizing psychological research into descriptive and experimental research, this edition takes the more current approach of using the quantitative and qualitative research dichotomy, presented in Chapter 2. Christensen also contains strong coverage of research ethics. Experimental Methodology can be accompanied by a lab manual.

Larry Christensen (PhD University of Southern Mississippi) is Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology at the University of South Alabama. Larry is the author of several successful textbooks and has published more than 60 journal articles.

Preface
What Is Science?
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Methods of Acquiring Knowledge
Science
Advantage of the Scientific Method
Characteristics of the Scientific Approach
Objectives of Science
Basic Assumptions Underlying Science
Method versus Technique
The Role of Theory in Science
The Role of the Scientist in Science
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Nonexperimental Research Approaches
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Nonexperimental Quantitative Research
Qualitative Research
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
The Experimental Research Approach
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Causation
The Psychological Experiment
Experimental Research Settings
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Problem Identification and Hypothesis Formation
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Sources of Research Ideas
Gender Bias in Research Ideas
Ideas Not Capable of Scientific Investigation
Review of the Literature
Feasibility of the Study
Formulating the Research Problem
Formulating Hypotheses
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Ethics
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Research Ethics: What Are They?
Ethical Dilemmas
Development of the APA Code of Ethics
Ethical Principles
Issues Raised by the Code of Ethics
Ethics of Animal Research
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Variables Used in Experimentation
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Types of Variables
The Independent Variable
The Dependent Variable
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Control in Experimentation
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Control of Extraneous Variables
Extraneous Variables to Be Controlled
Research Participant and Experimenter Effects to Be Controlled
Sequencing Effect to Be Controlled
Additional Extraneous Variables to Be Held Constant
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Techniques for Achieving Constancy
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Randomization
Matching
Counterbalancing
Control of Participant Effects
Control of Experimenter Effects
Likelihood of Achieving Control
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Experimental Research Design
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Faulty Research Design
Requirements of True Research Designs
Pretesting Participants
True Research Designs
Choice of a Research Design
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Quasi-Experimental Designs
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Nonequivalent Control Group Design
Time-Series Design
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Single-Case Research Designs
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Single-Case Designs
A-B-A Design
Interaction Design
Multiple-Baseline Design
Changing-Criterion Design
Methodological Considerations in Using Single-Case Designs
Criteria for Evaluating Change
Rival Hypotheses
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Data Collection
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Research Participants
Sample Size
Apparatus
Instructions
Scheduling of Research Participants
Procedure
Institutional Approval
Data Collection
Consent to Participate
Debriefing, or Postexperimental Interview
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Hypothesis Testing
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Testing the Hypothesis
The Mean
Standard Deviation
Selection of a Statistical Test
Independent Samples t-Test
Significance Level
Analysis of Variance
Potential Errors in the Statistical Decision-Making Process
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
External Validity
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Population Validity
Ecological Validity
Temporal Validity
Relationship Between Internal and External Validity
Cautions in Evaluating the External Validity of Experiments
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
The Research Report
Learning Objectives
Introduction
The APA Format
Preparation of the Research Report
Appendixes
References
Index

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