Demography The Science of Population

ISBN-10: 0205283217

ISBN-13: 9780205283217

Edition: 2001

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Description: A comprehensive, introductory text that emphasizes the major techniques, methods, and data sources of contemporary population studies. Written by a sociologist and a demographer, the book's principal aim is to improve the students' skills primarily as consumers and secondarily as producers of demographic information. One reviewer says, The author has a pleasant style. It is the voice of knowledge combined with a gentle voice of teaching. He goes on to say of the book, It is really unique and refreshingly original. It is comprehensive and comprehensible. Ron Hammond, University of Utah.

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Book details

List price: $161.40
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/6/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 450
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.496

Preface
An Overview of Population Science
The Nature of Populations
The Focus on Aggregates
Populations and Other Aggregates
Naturally Occurring Populations: Human and Nonhuman
Aggregates and Individuals
Ecological Fallacy
Structural Effects: An Introduction
Demographic Determinism and "Laws" of Population
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
The Study of Populations
The History of Demography: An Overview
The First Demographers
The Study of Population in the Premodern Era
Contemporary Sources of Demographic Information
Traditional and Nongovernmental Sources
Census and Registration Data
Samples and Complete Enumerations
Demographic Variables: Size, Structure, and Vital Events
Population Size
Variations in Population Size
Measuring Structural Characteristics
Rates of Vital Events
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
How Populations Are Structured
Biological Structure: Age and Sex
Sex Structure: Some Comparisons
Age Structure and Population Pyramids
Proportional and Average Ages
Sociocultural Structure: Subpopulations and Strata
The Constituents of Population: Marriage and Family, Ethnicity and Race
Ethnicity
Class and Income Differentials
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Geographic Distribution: Population and Territory
How Territory Is Divided: Administrative and Statistical Areas
Population Density: Concepts and Consequences
Measuring Density
Density and Behavior
The Urbanization of the Human Population
An Historical Overview of Urban Growth
Urban Growth in the United States
Geographic Information Systems
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Population Dynamics: Vital Events and Growth
Birth and Fertility: Measures, Theories, and Trends
Measuring Fertility
Common Period Measures
Other Period Measures
Cohort Measures
Theories of Fertility
The Theory of Multiphasic Demographic Response
The Theory of Intermediate Variables
Economic, Structural, and Cultural Theories
World Fertility: Levels and Trends
Fertility Decline in Asia
Delayed Transition in Africa
Latin America: Low Fertility, High Variability
Toward Negative Growth in the Industrialized Nations
Fertility in the United States
Postwar Trends and the Baby Boom
Contemporary Fertility Differentials
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Mortality: Causes and Consequences
Measuring Morbidity and Mortality
Morbidity Rates
Crude Death Rates
Specific Death Rates
Social and Environmental Factors
Mortality in the United States
The Effects of Inequality
Cause-Specific Death in the United States
Mortality Decline: An Overview
Global Mortality Patterns: Past and Present
Epidemiological Transition in Europe and America
Transition in the Third World
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Migration: Geographic and Social Psychological Components
Measuring Migration
Some Operational Definitions
Measurement Problems and Estimation Methods
Internal Population Shifts in the United States
The Great Migration
A Reversal of Trends in the Late Twentieth Century
Theories of Migration
Ravenstein's "Laws"
The Economic Opportunity Model
Lee's Theory of Push and Pull Factors
Social Network Theory
Todaro's Migration Model
The Value Expectancy Model
International Migration
A Nation of Immigrants
Refugees: The Issue of Forced International Migration
Explaining Forced Migration
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Population Dynamics in Historical and Comparative Perspective
Measures and Models of Growth
Measuring Growth by Difference
Growth by Components
Demographic Transition and Social Change
Early World Population Growth
The Three-Stage Process
Demographic Transition in the Third World
The Prospects of Future Population Growth
The Redistribution of the World's Population
The Third Stage in the Third World?
Europe's Second Transition
The Aging of the World's Population
The United States Population: Growth and Change
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Population Models
The Life Table: An Introduction
Measuring Mortality
Definitions and Illustrations
Observed Data
The Life Table Proper
Data Sources and Functions
Age: x
The Observed Cohort Sizes, Deaths, and Probabilities of Dying: [subscript n]K[subscript x], [subscript n]D[subscript x], and [subscript n]q[subscript x]
The Surviving Population: [subscript n]l[subscript x]
Deaths in the Life Table: [subscript n]d[subscript x]
The Person Years Lived by the Life-Table Population: [subscript n]L[subscript x]
Total Person Years Remaining: [subscript n]T[subscript x]
Average Life Expectancy: e[subscript x]
Abridged and Unabridged Tables
Survival Rates
Interpretations
Reverse Survival
Applications
Cohort Tables and the Lexis Diagram
The Cohort or Generation Table
The Lexis Diagram
Life-Table Applications
Life Insurance and Related Uses
The Class of '61
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Population Estimates, Projections, and Forecasts
Approaches to Anticipating Population Characteristics
Population Estimation
Simple Growth Models
Components Methods
Methods of Projection
Extrapolation from Simple Growth Models
Projecting with the Components Method
Matrix-Based Approaches to Population Projection
Forecasts and Forecasting
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Demography in Application
Population Policy: Controlling Demographic Processes
The Nature of Population Policy: Definition and Case Studies
Why Are Population Policies Necessary?
Children, Families, and Communities
The Legal Dimension: Policy Implementation and Fertility Determinants
Immigration Policy
How Population Policies Are Made
Stages of the Policy Process
Creating a Population Policy: The Case of Zambia
International Organizations and Population Policy
Evaluating Population Policies
The Role of Values in Population Policy
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Population and Environment
The Tea-Seller's Dilemma
The Household of Nature: The Plight of Natural Resources
Fresh Water
Depletion of Forests
Energy
Theories of Population and Environment
Direct Effect Theories
Indirect Effect Theories
Measuring Environmental Conditions and Impacts
The Geophysical Environment
Individual-Level Measures
Environmental Policies and Politics
The Political Context
Programs and Strategies: The Rise of Environmentalism
Embracing the Lessons of Chipko
Sustainable Development
Summary
Key Terms
Doing Demography
Web Sites to Bookmark
For Further Reading
Accessing and Using Information about Population Science
Demography-Oriented Software
Data Sets, Educational Packages, and Applications
GIS Software and Sites
Demography and the Internet
The Internet: Roots and Branches
Demography-Oriented Sites
Marketing Demographic Skills
Demography for Planners
Demography and Business
Demography for the Human Service Professional
Actuarial Science
A Conclusion and an Invitation
Of Population
On Population
Population and You
Summary
Doing Demography
For Further Reading
International Tourism as a Form of Migration
Population Policy in Historical Perspective
References
Index
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