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Introducing Ethics For Here and Now

ISBN-10: 020522668X
ISBN-13: 9780205226689
Edition: 2013 (Revised)
Authors: James P. Sterba
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Description: Students learn how traditional ethical theories can be applied to practical problems.Introducing Ethics is a brief text that encourages students to determine how the common wisdom of traditional ethical theories can be applied to practical problems  More...

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Book details

List price: $37.99
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Pearson Education, Limited
Publication date: 2/8/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 160
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.50" long x 0.25" tall
Weight: 0.660
Language: English

Students learn how traditional ethical theories can be applied to practical problems.Introducing Ethics is a brief text that encourages students to determine how the common wisdom of traditional ethical theories can be applied to practical problems such as the distribution of income and wealth, torture, terrorism, and gay and lesbian rights.The text begins by challenging students to think about whether or not ethics is useful for making choices. It poses three questions: 1) Is morality determined by religion rather than reason? 2) Is everything relative? 3) Is it better to be an egoist?Then, after laying out Utilitarian ethics, Kantian ethics, and Aristotelian ethics, the author poses an additional three challenges focused on the traditional conceptions of ethics: the environmental challenge, the feminist challenge, and the multicultural challenge.Learning GoalsUpon completing this book readers will be able to:Answer the question: Do I make ethical or moral choices well?Determine their own responses to ethical challengesNote: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit: www.mysearchlab.com or you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySearchLab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205903843 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205903849.

Receiving a Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh, James P. Sterba has gone on to publish (either as author or editor) many notable books, textbooks, and scholarly articles in the fields of ethics and social and political philosophy. He currently teaches at the University of Notre Dame.

Preface
Introduction
Why Do We Need This Knowledge?
Three Challenges to Ethics
Three Traditional Ethical Perspectives
Three More Challenges to Ethics
Conclusion
Notes
Religion and Morality
The Euthyphro Question
Medieval Developments of Divine Command Theory
Morality Dependent on God Through Creation
Problems for Divine Command Theory
How Are We to Understand God's Commands?
Are God's Commands justified by Creation?
How Are We to Identify God's Commands?
Radically Modified Divine Command Theory
Religion and the Public Arena
Is Rawls's Requirement of Public Reason Unfair?
Seeing Different Kinds of Unfairness
Can Religious Moral Teachings Be Required by Reason?
How Public Reasons Are to Be Made Accessible
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
The Challenge of Moral Relativism
Negative Consequences from Endorsing Moral Relativism
Tolerance-A Benefit from Endorsing Moral Relativism?
But Is It True?
Analysis of the Case of Rape and Marriage
Analysis of the Case of Widows and Suttee
Analysis of the Case of Female Circumcision
A Comparison to Divine Command Theory
The Standard Criticism of Moral Relativism
Our Six Purported Cases of Moral Relativism
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
The Challenge of Egoism
Psychological Egoism
Ethical Egoism
Individual Ethical Egoism
Universal Ethical Egoism
Appealing to Publicity
Paralleling Egoism and Racism
Appealing to Consistency
Is There No Way to Meet the Challenge of Universal Ethical Egoism?
From Rationality to Morality
Lifeboat Cases
Morality as Compromise
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
Utilitarian Ethics
Introducing Utilitarian Ethics
An Implication of Utilitarian Ethics: Sacrificing the Few for the Many
Osama Bin Laden and Terrorism
Hypothetical Examples
An Objection to Utilitarian Ethics: Never Do Evil
Refining and Answering the Objection: Necessary Harm and Independent Reasons
A Further Defense: Act Utilitarianism and Rule Utilitarianism
A Better Defense: The "Ought" Implies "Can" Principle
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
Kantian Ethics
Kant's Categorical Imperative Test
Kant, Egoism and Hypothetical Imperatives
A Central Requirement of Morality
Universalizability Not Enough
Other Formulations of Kant's Test
Two Interpretations of Kant's Ethics
Welfare Liberalism
Libertarianism
Supporting Examples
Conflicting Liberties
An Expanded "Ought" Implies "Can" Principle Again
Libertarian Objections
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
Aristotelian Ethics
Happiness and the Virtuous Life
Characterizing the Virtuous Life
Conflicts with Kantian Ethics
The Importance of Rules
Focusing on How We Should Act
The Priority Question
Ayn Rand's Aristotelian Ethics
The No-Conflict Thesis
Conflicts of Self-interest in Rand's Novels
The No-Duty Thesis
The Importance of Rejecting the No-Conflict Thesis
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
Taking-Stock Interlude
The Challenge of Environmentalism
Singer's Utilitarian Environmentalism
Regan's Kantian Environmentalism
Biocentrism
Principles of Conflict Resolution
Individualism and Holism
An Objection from a Somewhat Alien Perspective
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
The Challenge of Feminism
Gilligan's Challenge
The Practical Inadequacy of Traditional Theories of Justice
Is It Discrimination or Is It Choice?
The Practical Inadequacy of the Traditional Ideals of a Morally Good Person
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
The Challenge of Multiculturalism
Correcting and Interpreting Traditional Ethics
Using American Indian Culture
Using Confucius
New Obligations for Traditional Ethics
Applying Traditional Ethics Cross-Culturally
Conclusion
MySearchLab Connections
Notes
Conclusion
Three Challenges
Three Conceptions of Ethics
Three More Challenges
Practicing Ethics
Summing-Up
Notes
Glossary
Index

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