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Acoustics of Speech Communication Fundamentals, Speech Perception Theory, and Technology

ISBN-10: 0205198872
ISBN-13: 9780205198870
Edition: 1st 1999
Authors: J. M. Pickett
List price: $191.00
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Description: This is the only book to relate all three of the currently interactive areas of speech science-acoustic phonetics, speech perception, and speech technology. The book presents a gradual course, starting with a clear tutorial approach to basic speech  More...

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Book details

List price: $191.00
Edition: 1st
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/9/1998
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 404
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

This is the only book to relate all three of the currently interactive areas of speech science-acoustic phonetics, speech perception, and speech technology. The book presents a gradual course, starting with a clear tutorial approach to basic speech then leading to speech perception research, the various theories of speech perception, and the modern speech technologies of computer synthesis and recognition of speech messages. The aim is to bring the reader through basic acoustics, spectrum analysis, vowel and consonant acoustics, and into the research literature of speech perception technology. The basic acoustic theory of speech production, the Source-Filter Theory, is clarified via text and diagrams. This knowledge is then applied to interpreting spectrograms of speech examples that sample all the phonetic distinctions among vowels and consonants. Distinctive acoustical patterns for vowel and consonant perception by listeners are summarized in detail based on the research literature. Critical discussions provide theories of motor, auditory, and computer recognition of speech. Consonant and vowel recognition by the hearing-impaired is described in relation to acoustic phonetic distinctions. Techniques of speech synthesis, recognition analysis by machines, and speech technologies are thoroughly explained. Anyone interested in speech acoustics, acoustic phonetics, speech and hearing science, psychoacoustics, and speech perception at any level.

All chapters conclude with "Summary."
Acoustic Phonetics: Speech Encoding From Articulation To Sound Stream
Language, Phonetics, and Speech Production
Introduction: Language and Science
How Significant Is Acoustic Phonetics?
Linguistics, Phonetics, and Phonology
General Conditions of Speech Production
Speech Sound Sources
Sounds, Resonance, and Spectrum Analysis
Sound Production and Propagation
Simple Harmonic Motion
Definitions of Sine Wave Characteristics
Definition of Resonant Frequency
Spectrum Analysis
Definitions of Spectrum Terms
Spectra of Recurring Resonant Oscillations
Definitions of Harmonics
Resonant Waves, Spectrum Plots, and Speech Waves
Aperiodic Speech Sounds
Vowel Shaping and Vowel Formants
Model of Pharyngeal-Oral Tract
Spectrum of the Neutral Vowel [e]
Definition of Speech Formants
Vowel Formant Locations and Length of Pharyngeal-Oral Tract
Vocal Tract Constrictions and Formant Frequency Locations
Formants of Model Vowels
Central Vowels
The Glottal Sound Source and the Spectra of Vowels
The Glottal Sound Source
The Phonation Mechanism
The Spectrum of the Glottal Sound Source
Source-Filter Theory of Vowel Production
Visualizing Speech Sounds
Anatomy of Spectrogram
Spectrograms of Vowels
Nasalization of Vowels
Phonemic Nasal Vowels
Prosodic and Tonal Features
Introduction: Telling What and How
Parenting Speech
Prosodic Features of Language Forms
Glottal Source Factors in Stress and Intonation
Durational Prosodic Features
Oral Tract Shaping Factor
Intonation in Discourse
Pacing, Rhythm, and Languages
Tone Languages
Consonant Features, Glides, and Stops
Articulatory Features of Consonants
Distinctive Features
Glide Consonants and Diphthongs
Glide and Voiced Stop
Glide and Stop at Middle Pace
Lateral and Retroflex Glides
Effects of Utterance Position
Consonants: Nasal, Stop, and Fricative Manners of Articulation
Nasal Consonants
Nasal-Glide-Stop Differences
Fricative Consonants
Consonants: The Voiced-Unvoiced Contrast
Production of the Voiced-Voiceless Distinction
Acoustics of Consonant Voicing
Voiced versus Unvoiced Final Consonants
Voiced and Unvoiced Fricatives
Physiological Studies of Consonant Voicing
Physiological Studies of Fricative Voicing
Consonants: Features of Place of Articulation
Formant Transitions of Alveolar versus Labial Consonants
Consonant Place: Transition with Different Vowels
Place Features of Nasal Consonants
Place Features of Fricative Consonants
The Flow of Speech
Model of Speech Motor Programming
The Syllable as Coarticulation Unit
Effects of Rate of Utterance
Assimilation between Adjacent Consonants
Speech Decoding By Human and Machine: From Sound Stream To Words
Acoustic Cues to Speech Perception, Winifred Strange
Perception of Steady-State Vowels
Speaker Normalization in Vowel Perception
Perception of Coarticulated Vowels
Perception of Vowels: Dynamic Constancy, Winifred Strange
Perceptual Boundaries of Consonant Categories
Categorical Perception of Speech Continua
Perception of Nonspeech Analogs
Perceptual Integration of Acoustic Cues
Context and Rate Effects on Phonetic Category Boundaries
Auditory Capacities and Phonological Development: Animal, Baby, and Foreign Listeners, Sarah Hawkins
Background: Does Phonological Perception Use Special Auditory Processes?Techniques for Studying Babies' Speech Perception
Categorical Perception by Babies
Speech Sound Classification by Babies: Prototype and the "Perceptual Magnet Effect
"Speech Sound Classification by Babies: Perceptual Constancy
Speech Sound Discrimination by Animals
The Effect of Experience on Speech Sound Discrimination
Development Loss or Selective Attention? The Effect of Retraining
Looking for Invariant Correlates of Linguistic Units: Two Classical Theories of Speech Perception, Sa

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