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Preface | |

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Introduction | |

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Water-Resources Engineering | |

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The Hydrologic Cycle | |

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Design of Water-Resource Systems | |

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Water-Control Systems | |

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Water-Use Systems | |

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About This Book | |

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Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics | |

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Introduction | |

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Physical Properties of Water | |

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Fluid Statics | |

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Pressure Distribution in Static Fluids | |

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Pressure Measurements | |

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Hydrostatic Forces on Plane Surfaces | |

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Hydrostatic Forces on Curved Surfaces | |

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Fluid Kinematics | |

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Turbulence | |

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Reynolds Transport Theorem | |

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Fluid Dynamics | |

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Conservation of Mass | |

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Conservation of Momentum | |

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Conservation of Energy | |

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Dimensional Analysis and Similitude | |

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Summary | |

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Problems | |

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Flow in Closed Conduits | |

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Introduction | |

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Single Pipelines | |

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Continuity Equation | |

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Momentum Equation | |

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Energy Equation | |

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Multiple Pipelines | |

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Nodal Method | |

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Loop Method | |

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Pumps | |

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Affinity Laws | |

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Operating Point | |

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Limits on Pump Location | |

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Multiple-Pump Systems | |

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Design of Water Distribution Systems | |

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Components of a Distribution System | |

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Water Demand | |

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Pipelines | |

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Operating Criteria for Water-Distribution Systems | |

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Network Analysis | |

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Summary | |

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Problems | |

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Flow in Open Channels | |

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Introduction | |

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Basic Principles | |

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Continuity Equation | |

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Momentum Equation | |

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Energy Equation | |

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Water Surface Profiles | |

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Profile Equation | |

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Classification of Water-Surface Profiles | |

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Hydraulic Jump | |

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Computation of Water-Surface Profiles | |

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Hydraulic Structures | |

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Weirs | |

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Parshall Flume | |

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Gates | |

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Culverts | |

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Design of Open Channels | |

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Basic Principles | |

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Lined Channels | |

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Unlined Channels | |

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Grass-Lined Channels | |

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Design of Sanitary-Sewer Systems | |

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Design Flows | |

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Hydraulics of Sewers | |

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Sewer-Pipe Material | |

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System Layout | |

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Sulfide Generation | |

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Design Computations | |

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Computer Models | |

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Summary | |

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Problems | |

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Probability and Statistics in Water-Resources Engineering | |

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Introduction | |

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Probability Distributions | |

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Discrete Probability Distributions | |

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Continuous Probability Distributions | |

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Mathematical Expectation and Moments | |

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Return Period | |

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Common Probability Functions | |

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Analysis of Hydrologic Data | |

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Estimation of Population Distribution | |

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Estimation of Population Parameters | |

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Frequency Analysis | |

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Floods | |

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Summary | |

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Problems | |

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Surface-Water Hydrology | |

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Introduction | |

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Rainfall | |

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Local Rainfall | |

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Spatially Averaged Rainfall | |

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Design Rainfall | |

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Rainfall Abstractions | |

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Interception | |

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Depression Storage | |

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Infiltration | |

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Rainfall Excess on Composite Areas | |

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Runoff Models | |

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Time of Concentration | |

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Peak-Runoff Models | |

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Continuous-Runoff Models | |

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Routing Models | |

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Hydrologic Routing | |

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Hydraulic Routing | |

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Water Quality Models | |

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USGS Model | |

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EPA Model | |

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Design of Stormwater Management Systems | |

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Minor System | |

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Runoff Controls | |

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Major System | |

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Evapotranspiration | |

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The Penman-Monteith Equation | |

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Evaporation Pans | |

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Computer Models | |

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Summary | |

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Problems | |

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Ground-Water Hydrology | |

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Introduction | |

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Basic Equations of Ground-Water Flow | |

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Darcy's Law | |

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General Flow Equation | |

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Two-Dimensional Approximations | |

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Solutions of the Ground-Water Flow Equation | |

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Steady Uniform Flow in a Confined Aquifer | |

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Steady Uniform Flow in an Unconfined Aquifer | |

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Steady Unconfined Flow Between Two Reservoirs | |

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Steady Flow to a Well in a Confined Aquifer | |

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Steady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer | |

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Steady Flow to a Well in a Leaky Confined Aquifer | |

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Steady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer with Recharge | |

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Unsteady Flow to a Well in a Confined Aquifer | |

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Unsteady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer | |

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Unsteady Flow to a Well in a Leaky Confined Aquifer | |

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Partially Penetrating Wells | |

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Principle of Superposition | |

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Multiple Wells | |

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Well in Uniform Flow | |

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Method of Images | |

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Constant-Head Boundary | |

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Impermeable Boundary | |

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Other Applications | |

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Saltwater Intrusion | |

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Ground-Water Flow in the Unsaturated Zone | |

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Engineered Systems | |

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Design of Wellfields | |

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Design of Water-Supply Wells | |

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Wellhead Protection | |

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Design of Aquifer Pumping Tests | |

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Slug Test | |

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Design of Exfiltration Trenches | |

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Computer Models | |

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Summary | |

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Problems | |

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Hydrologic Fate and Transport Processes | |

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Introduction | |

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Water Quality | |

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Measures of Water Quality | |

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Water-Quality Standards | |

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Fate and Transport Processes | |

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Rivers and Streams | |

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Initial Mixing | |

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Longitudinal Dispersion | |

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Spills | |

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Oxygen-Sag Model | |

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Lakes | |

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Near-Shore Mixing Model | |

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Eutrophication | |

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Thermal Stratification | |

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Completely Mixed Model | |

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Ocean Discharges | |

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Near-Field Mixing | |

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Far-Field Mixing | |

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Ground Water | |

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Dispersion Models | |

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Transport Processes | |

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Fate Processes | |

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Nonaqueous-Phase Liquids | |

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Computer Models | |

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Summary | |

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Problems | |

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Appendices | |

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Units and Conversion Factors | |

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Units | |

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Conversion Factors | |

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Fluid Properties | |

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Water | |

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Organic Compounds Found in Contaminated Water | |

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Geometric Properties of Plane Surfaces | |

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Statistical Tables | |

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Areas Under Standard Normal Curve | |

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Critical Values of the Chi-Square Distribution | |

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Critical Values for the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test Statistic | |

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Special Functions | |

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Error Function | |

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Gamma Function | |

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Bessel Functions | |

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Definition | |

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Evaluation of Bessel Functions | |

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Bessel Function of the First Kind of Order n | |

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Bessel Function of the Second Kind of Order n | |

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Modified Bessel Function of the First Kind of Order n | |

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Modified Bessel Function of the Second Kind of Order n | |

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Tabulated Bessel Functions | |

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I[subscript 0](x), K[subscript 0](x), I[subscript 1](x), and K[subscript 1](x) | |

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Drinking-Water Standards | |

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Primary Drinking-Water Standards | |

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Secondary Drinking-Water Standards | |

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Bibliography | |

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Index | |