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Criminology of Place Street Segments and Our Understanding of the Crime Problem

ISBN-10: 0199928630
ISBN-13: 9780199928637
Edition: 2012
List price: $29.95 Buy it from $22.37
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Description: The study of crime has focused primarily on why particular people commit crime or why specific communities have higher crime levels than others. InThe Criminology of Place, David Weisburd, Elizabeth Groff, and Sue-Ming Yang present a new and  More...

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Book details

List price: $29.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/31/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

The study of crime has focused primarily on why particular people commit crime or why specific communities have higher crime levels than others. InThe Criminology of Place, David Weisburd, Elizabeth Groff, and Sue-Ming Yang present a new and different way of looking at the crime problem by examining why specific streets in a city have specific crime trends over time. Based on a 16-year longitudinal study of crime in Seattle, Washington, the book focuses our attention on small units of geographic analysis-micro communities, defined as street segments. Half of all Seattle crime each year occurs on just 5-6 percent of the city's street segments, yet these crime hot spots are not concentrated in a single neighborhood and street by street variability is tremendous. Weisburd, Groff, and Yang set out to explain why.The Criminology of Placeshows how much essential information about crime is inevitably lost when we focus on larger units like neighborhoods or communities. Reorienting the study of crime by focusing on small units of geography, the authors identify a large group of possible crime risk and protective factors for street segments and an array of interventions that could be implemented to address them.The Criminology of Placeis a groundbreaking book that radically alters traditional thinking about the crime problem and what we should do about it."This is a very important book for policy-makers, practitioners and academics. The authors carefully and systematically build their case that effective crime prevention efforts must be focused first on a small number of high crime problem places. The detail of their arguments transforms hotspot policing and prevention in the same way keyhole surgery has transformed medical care. Their case is persuasive and, above all, evidence based"-- Peter Neyroud CBE QPM, University of Cambridge and Former Chief Constable and Chief Executive of the National Policing Improvement Agency

List of Tables
List of Figures
Acknowledgments
Introduction
The Emergence of the Criminology of Place
The Tight Coupling of Crime at Place
Key Questions in the Criminology of Place
The Focus of Our Research: Seattle, Washington
The Street Segment as a Unit of Analysis
What Follows
Putting Crime in Its Place
Putting Crime in Its Place
The Importance of Examining Crime at a Micro Geographic Level
Social Disorganization and Opportunity Theories: Recognizing the Importance of Theoretical Integration
Conclusions
Crime Concentrations and Crime Patterns at Places
Is Crime Concentrated at Street Segments?
Developmental Patterns of Crime at Place
Conclusions
The Importance of Street Segments in the Production of the Crime Problem
Mapping Trajectory Patterns
Statistical Clustering of Trajectory Patterns
The Heterogeneity of Street Segment Patterns
Are Street Segments of Specific Trajectory Patterns Attracted, Repulsed, or Independent?
Conclusions
Concentrations of Crime Opportunities
Identifying Retrospective Longitudinal Data on Places
Motivated Offenders
Suitable Targets
Accessibility/Urban Form
Guardianship
Conclusions
Are Processes of Social Disorganization Relevant to the Criminology of Place?
Structural Variables
Intermediating Variables
Conclusions
Understanding Developmental Patterns of Crime at Street Segments
An Overall Model for Explaining Developmental Trajectories of Crime at Place
How Well Does Our Model Predict Variation in Crime Patterns at Street Segments?
Which Variables Are Most Important in Identifying Serious Crime Hot Spots?
Do Changes in Opportunity and Social Disorganization at Street Segments Impact upon Crime Waves and Crime Drops?
Conclusions
Conclusions
The Law of Concentrations of Crime at Place
Stability and Variability of Crime at Place
The Importance of Studying Crime at Micro Units of Geography
Hot Spots of Opportunity and Social Disorganization
Hot Spots of Crime Are Predictable
Recognizing the Tight Coupling of Crime to Place: Policy Implications
Limitations
Conclusions
Trajectory Analysis Model Selection and Diagnostic Statistics
Ripley's K Function
Cross-K Function
Data Collection
Characteristics of Street Segments: Opportunity Perspectives
Characteristics of Street Segments: Social Disorganization
Additional Statistical Models
Notes
References
Proper Name Index
Index

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