Theory of Machines and Mechanisms

ISBN-10: 0195371232
ISBN-13: 9780195371239
Edition: 4th 2010
List price: $198.95 Buy it from $21.92 Rent it from $61.20
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Description: This book covers the fundamentals of mechanisms, kinematics and dynamics of machines, taking a theoretical approach while also presenting a number of analytical approaches. Theory of Machines and Mechanisms is known for the simplicity and clarity of  More...

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Book details

List price: $198.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/26/2010
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 928
Size: 8.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.542
Language: English

This book covers the fundamentals of mechanisms, kinematics and dynamics of machines, taking a theoretical approach while also presenting a number of analytical approaches. Theory of Machines and Mechanisms is known for the simplicity and clarity of its writing style and its economical coverage of a large number of topics. The revised 4th edition includes more worked examples throughout the text and new and updated end-of-chapter homework problems. Some subject matter has been condensed (chapters 7, 8, and 9 are now a single chapter; chapters 21, 22, and 23 are now a single chapter) and material is added on synthesis and curvature theory. There is a new Chapter 5 on multi-degree-of-freedom planar linkages and Chapter 14 is completely new. The in-text CD includes Working Model animations of key concepts from the book to help students visualize and comphrend the material. The Instructor's CD includes PowerPoint-based slides of figures from the text, and solutions worked in MatLab for selected homework problems from the book, designed to provide instructors with a teaching resource should they want to integrate MatLab into their course.

Preface
About the Authors
Kinematics and Mechanisms
The World of Mechanisms
Introduction
Analysis and Synthesis
The Science of Mechanics
Terminology, Definitions, and Assumptions
Planar, Spherical, and Spatial Mechanisms
Mobility
Classification of Mechanisms
Kinematic Inversion
Grashof's Law
Mechanical Advantage
Problems
Position and Displacement
Locus of a Moving Point
Position of a Point
Position Difference Between Two Points
Apparent Position of a Point
Absolute Position of a Point
The Loop-Closure Equation
Graphic Position Analysis
Algebraic Position Analysis
Complex-Algebra Solutions of Planar Vector Equations
Complex Polar Algebra
The Chace Solutions to Planar Vector Equations
Position Analysis Techniques
Coupler-Curve Generation
Displacement of a Moving Point
Displacement Difference Between Two Points
Rotation and Translation
Apparent Displacement
Absolute Displacement
Apparent Angular Displacement
Problems
Velocity
Definition of Velocity
Rotation of a Rigid Body
Velocity Difference Between Points of a Rigid Body
Graphic Methods
Velocity Polygons
Apparent Velocity of a Point in a Moving Coordinate System
Apparent Angular Velocity
Direct Contact and Rolling Contact
Systematic Strategy for Velocity Analysis
Analytic Methods
Complex-Algebra Methods
The Vector Method
The Method of Kinematic Coefficients
Instantaneous Center of Velocity
The Aronhold-Kennedy Theorem of Three Centers
Locating Instant Centers of Velocity
Velocity Analysis Using Instant Centers
The Angular Velocity Ratio Theorem
Relationships Between First-Order Kinematic Coefficients and Instant Centers
Freudenstein's Theorem
Indices of Merit
Mechanical Advantage
Centrodes
Problems
Acceleration
Definition of Acceleration
Angular Acceleration
Acceleration Difference Between Points of a Rigid Body
Acceleration Polygons
Apparent Acceleration of a Point in a Moving Coordinate System
Apparent Angular Acceleration
Direct Contact and Rolling Contact
Systematic Strategy for Acceleration Analysis
Analytic Methods
Complex-Algebra Methods
The Chace Solutions
The Method of Kinematic Coefficients
The Euler-Savary Equation
The Bobillier Constructions
The Instant Center of Acceleration
The Bresse Circle (or de La Hire Circle)
Radius of Curvature of Point Trajectory Using Kinematic Coefficients
The Cubic of Stationary Curvature
Problems
Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Planar Linkages
Introduction
Position Analysis
Algebraic Solution
Graphic Methods
Velocity Polygons
Instant Centers of Velocity
First-Order Kinematic Coefficients
The Method of Superposition
Graphic Method
Acceleration Polygons
Second-Order Kinematic Coefficients
Path Curvature of a Coupler Point
The Finite Difference Method
Problems
Design of Mechanisms
Cam Design
Introduction
Classification of Cams and Followers
Displacement Diagrams
Graphical Layout of Cam Profiles
Kinematic Coefficients of the Follower Motion
High-Speed Cams
Standard Cam Motions
Matching Derivatives of Displacement Diagrams
Plate Cam with Reciprocating Flat-Face Follower
Plate Cam with Reciprocating Roller Follower
Problems
Spur Gears
Terminology and Definitions
Fundamental Law of Toothed Gearing
Involute Properties
Interchangeable Gears
AGMA Standards
Fundamentals of Gear-Tooth Action
The Manufacture of Gear Teeth
Interference and Undercutting
Contact Ratio
Varying the Center Distance
Involutometry
Nonstandard Gear Teeth
Problems
Helical Gears, Bevel Gears, Worms and Worm Gears
Parallel-Axis Helical Gears
Helical Gear Tooth Relations
Helical Gear Tooth Proportions
Contact of Helical Gear Teeth
Replacing Spur Gears with Helical Gears
Herringbone Gears
Crossed-Axis Helical Gears
Straight-Tooth Bevel Gears
Tooth Proportions for Bevel Gears
Crown and Face Gears
Spiral Bevel Gears
Hypoid Gears
Worms and Worm Gears
Problems
Mechanism Trains
Parallel-Axis Gear Trains
Examples of Gear Trains
Determining Tooth Numbers
Epicyclic Gear Trains
Bevel Gear Epicyclic Trains
Analysis of Epicyclic Gear Trains by Formula
Tabular Analysis of Epicyclic Gear Trains
Summers and Differentials
All Wheel Drive Train
Problems
Synthesis of Linkages
Type, Number, and Dimensional Synthesis
Function Generation, Path Generation, and Body Guidance
Two Finitely Separated Positions of a Rigid Body (N = 2)
Three Finitely Separated Positions of a Rigid Body (N = 3)
Four Finitely Separated Positions of a Rigid Body (N = 4)
Five Finitely Separated Positions of a Rigid Body (N = 5)
Precision Positions
Structural Error
Chebychev Spacing
The Overlay Method
Coupler-Curve Synthesis
Cognate Linkages
The Roberts-Chebychev Theorem
Freudenstein's Equation
Analytic Synthesis Using Complex Algebra
Synthesis of Dwell Mechanisms
Intermittent Rotary Motion
Problems
Spatial Mechanisms
Introduction
Exceptions to the Mobility of Mechanisms
The Spatial Position-Analysis Problem
Spatial Velocity and Acceleration Analyses
Euler Angles
The Denavit-Hartenberg Parameters
Transformation-Matrix Position Analysis
Matrix Velocity and Acceleration Analyses
Generalized Mechanism Analysis Computer Programs
Problems
Robotics
Introduction
Topological Arrangements of Robotic Arms
Forward Kinematics
Inverse Position Analysis
Inverse Velocity and Acceleration Analyses
Robot Actuator Force Analysis
Problems
Dynamics of Machines
Static Force Analysis
Introduction
Newton's Laws
Systems of Units
Applied and Constraint Forces
Free-Body Diagrams
Conditions for Equilibrium
Two- and Three-Force Members
Four-Force Members
Friction-Force Models
Static Force Analysis with Friction
Spur- and Helical-Gear Force Analysis
Straight-Tooth-Bevel-Gear Force Analysis
The Method of Virtual Work
Euler Column Formula
The Critical Unit Load
Critical Unit Load and the Slenderness Ratio
The Johnson Parabolic Equation
Problems
Dynamic Force Analysis
Introduction
Centroid and Center of Mass
Mass Moments and Products of Inertia
Inertia Forces and D'Alembert's Principle
The Principle of Superposition
Planar Rotation about a Fixed Center
Shaking Forces and Moments
Complex Algebra Approach
Equation of Motion From Power Equation
Measuring Mass Moment of Inertia
Transformation of Inertia Axes
Euler's Equations of Motion
Impulse and Momentum
Angular Impulse and Angular Momentum
Problems
Vibration Analysis
Differential Equations of Motion
A Vertical Model
Solution of the Differential Equation
Step Input Forcing
Phase-Plane Representation
Phase-Plane Analysis
Transient Disturbances
Free Vibration with Viscous Damping
Damping Obtained by Experiment
Phase-Plane Representation of Damped Vibration
Response to Periodic Forcing
Harmonic Forcing
Forcing Caused by Unbalance
Relative Motion
Isolation
Rayleigh's Method
First and Second Critical Speeds of a Shaft
Torsional Systems
Problems
Dynamics of Reciprocating Engines
Engine Types
Indicator Diagrams
Dynamic Analysis-General
Gas Forces
Equivalent Masses
Inertia Forces
Bearing Loads in a Single-Cylinder Engine
Crankshaft Torque
Shaking Forces of Engines
Computation Hints
Problems
Balancing
Static Unbalance
Equations of Motion
Static Balancing Machines
Dynamic Unbalance
Analysis of Unbalance
Dynamic Balancing
Balancing Machines
Field Balancing with a Programmable Calculator
Balancing a Single-Cylinder Engine
Balancing Multi-Cylinder Engines
Analytical Technique for Balancing Multi-Cylinder Engines
Balancing Linkages
Balancing of Machines
Problems
Cam Dynamics
Rigid- and Elastic-Body Cam Systems
Analysis of an Eccentric Cam
Effect of Sliding Friction
Analysis of Disk Cam with Reciprocating Roller Follower
Analysis of Elastic Cam Systems
Unbalance, Spring Surge, and Windup
Problems
Flywheels, Governors, and Gyroscopes
Dynamic Theory of Flywheels
Integration Technique
Multi-Cylinder Engine Torque Summation
Classification of Governors
Centrifugal Governors
Inertia Governors
Mechanical Control Systems
Standard Input Functions
Solution of Linear Differential Equations
Analysis of Proportional-Error Feedback Systems
Introduction to Gyroscopes
The Motion of a Gyroscope
Steady or Regular Precession
Forced Precession
Problems
Appendixes
Tables
Standard SI Prefixes
Conversion from US Customary Units to SI Units
Conversion from SI Units to US Customary Units
Properties of Areas
Mass Moments of Inertia
Involute Function
Answers to Selected Problems
Index

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