Ethics History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues

ISBN-10: 0195335961
ISBN-13: 9780195335965
Edition: 4th 2009
List price: $82.95
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Description: The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Fourth Edition, is essentially three books in one. Its sixty-seven selections are organized into three parts, providing instructors with great  More...

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Book details

List price: $82.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/13/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 960
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.344
Language: English

The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Fourth Edition, is essentially three books in one. Its sixty-seven selections are organized into three parts, providing instructors with great flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. Spanning 2,500 years of ethical theory, the first part, Historical Sources, ranges from ancient Greece to the twentieth century. It moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through medieval views (Augustine and Aquinas) to modern theories (Hobbes, Butler, Hume, Kant, Bentham, and Mill), culminating with leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers (Nietzsche, Camus, and Sartre). The second part, Modern Ethical Theory, includes many of the most important essays of the past century. The discussion of utilitarianism, Kantianism, egoism, and relativism continues in the work of major contemporary philosophers (Foot, Brandt, Williams, Wolf, and Nagel). Landmark selections (Moore, Prichard, Ross, Ayer, Stevenson, Hare, Baier, Anscombe, Mackie, Gauthier, and Harman) reflect concern with moral language and the justification of morality. The concepts of justice (Rawls) and rights (Feinberg) are explored, as well as recent views on cultural relativism (Rachels) and an ethic influenced by feminist concerns (Held). In the third part, Contemporary Moral Problems, the readings present the current debates over abortion, euthanasia, famine relief, animal rights, and--for the first time in this edition--environmentalism and the use of torture in interrogations. Part III concludes with two new essays on death and the meaning of life. Wherever possible, each reading is printed in its entirety. Part I of this fourth edition features extended selections from all three essays of Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morals (with explanatory notes) and additional materials from Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan and David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature. Part II contains new essays by John McDowell and Christine Korsgaard, while Part III offers new readings from Elliott Sober, Henry Shue, Daniel J. Hill, Thomas Nagel, and Richard Taylor.

Preface
Introduction
Historical SourcesAlasdair MacIntyre: Introduction
Defence of SocratesCritoPhaedo (115d-118)Republic (selections)
Ethics (selections)
to MenoeceusLeading Doctrines
EpictetusEnchiridion
AugustineEnchiridion on Faith, Hope, and Love (selections)
Thomas AquinasSumma Contra Gentiles (selections)
Thomas HobbesLeviathan (selections)
Joseph ButlerFifteen Sermons (selections) 9 David Hume
A Treatise of Human Nature (selections)An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (selections)
Immanuel KantGroundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals
Jeremy BenthamAn Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (selections)
John Stuart MillUtilitarianism
Friedrich NietzscheOn the Genealogy of Morals (selections)
The Myth of Sisyphus (selections)
Existentialism Is a Humanism
Modern Ethical TheoryJames Rachels: Introduction
Principia Ethica (selections)
Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?
The Right and the Good (selections)
Language, Truth, and Logic (selections)
The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms
Freedom and Reason (selections)
The Point of View of Morality
Modern Moral Philosophy
Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong
A Theory of Justice (selections)
Why Contractarianism?
Psychological Egoism
Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives
Consistency in Action
Moral Dilemmas and Consistency
Some Merits of One Form of Rule Utilitarianism
A Critique of Utilitarianism
The Nature and Value of Rights
The Nature of Morality (selections)
Moral Explanations
Moral Judgment and the Acceptance of Norms
Values and Secondary Qualities
Skepticism about Practical Reason
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism
Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach
Reason, Gender, and Moral Theory
Moral Saints
Moral Luck
Contemporary Moral ProblemsPeter Singer: Introduction
A Defense of Abortion
On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
An Argument that Abortion is Wrong
Virtue Theory and Abortion
Active and Passive Euthanasia
Killing and Letting Die
Famine, Affluence, and Morality
Famine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code
The Case for Animal Rights
The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research
Philosophical Problems for Environmentalism
Torture
Ticking Bombs, Torture, and the Analogy with Self-Defense
Should the Numbers Count?
Innumerate Ethics
The Trolley Problem
Death
The Meaning of Life

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