Medical Anthropology A Biocultural Approach

ISBN-10: 0195308832

ISBN-13: 9780195308839

Edition: 2009

List price: $49.95
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Description: Intended as the primary text for introductory courses on medical anthropology, this book integrates human biological data relevant to health and disease with both evolutionary theory and the social environments that more often than not produce major challenges to health and survival.

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Book details

List price: $49.95
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/14/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 480
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
The Culture Concept
A Biocultural Perspective
Looking Ahead
Anthropological Perspectives on Health and Disease
Definitions of Health
Disease
Illness
Sickness
The Locus of Health: The Body and Society
Biological/Medical Normalcy
Evolutionary Perspectives on Health
Adaptability
Behavioral Adaptability
Cultural Approaches in Medical Anthropology
Power Differentials and Health
Ethnomedical Systems
Interpretive Approaches to Illness and Suffering
Applied Medical Anthropology
Epidemiology
Conclusion
Healers and Healing
Culture and Healing Systems
Recruitment: How Healers Become Healers
Alternative and Complementary Medicines
Acupuncture
Chiropractic
Navajo Medicine
When Biomedicine Is Alternative Medicine
Death as a Biocultural Concept
Placebo and Nocebo
Conclusion
Diet and Nutrition in Health and Disease
Fundamentals of Nutrition
Digestive Physiology
An Evolutionary Approach to Nutrition
Nutrition and Chronic Diseases
Obesity
Diabetes
Lactose Intolerance
Salt and Hypertension
Celiac Disease
Conclusion
Growth and Development
Life History Theory
Gestation: The First 40 Weeks of Growth and Development
Infancy
Childhood
Small but Healthy?
Is Bigger Better?
Puberty and the Onset of Adolescence
Teenage Pregnancy in the United States
Sex, Gender, Growth and Health
Environmental Toxins and Growth
The End of Childhood: Transitions to Adulthood
Reproductive Health
Medicalization of Women's Health and Reproductive Health
Menstruation
Premenstrual Syndrome
Determinants of Fertility
Infertility
Falling Sperm Counts: Environmental Causes of Male Reproductive Health Problems
Female Genital Cutting
Pregnancy
Birth
Mothering
Menopause
Reproductive Events and Breast Cancer Risk
Conclusion
Aging
The Aging Body
Physiological Theories of Aging
Somatic Mutations
Free Radicals
Wear and Degeneration
Evolutionary Theories of Aging
The Aging Brain
Extending Life? Caloric Restriction and an Okinawa Case Study
Health, Illness, and the Cultural Construction of Aging
Conclusion
Infectious Disease: Introduction to Pathogens and the Immune System
Koch's Postulates
Taxonomy of Infectious Disease
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoa
Fungi
Worms
Prions
How Pathogens Spread
Human Defenses against Pathogens
The Immune Response
How Does the Immune System Recognize Pathogens?
How Does the Immune System Respond to a Recognized Pathogen?
Pathogen Strategies for Avoiding Immune Destruction
Concealment
Antigenic Drift and Shift
Immunosuppression
Variation in Immune Response
Variation in the MHC
Undernutrition and Immune Response
Allergies and Asthma: Relationship to Infectious Disease Exposure?
The Hygiene Hypothesis
The Helminth Hypothesis
Variation in Pathogen Virulence
Conclusion
Historical Perspectives on Infectious Disease in Human Populations
Origins of Infections in Humans
Agriculture's Effects on Infectious Disease
The Globalization of Infection
Smallpox
Colonization in the Tropics
Immigration, War, and Infection
Bioterrorism and Biological Warfare
The 1918 Influenza Epidemic
Conclusion
Emerging and Resurging Infections: Biocultural Interactions between Humans and Pathogens
Emergent and Resurgent Diseases
Malaria: An Early "Emergent" Disease
Malaria Life Cycle and Pathogencity
Genetic Adaptations to Malaria
Behavioral Adaptations to Malaria
Efforts to Control Malaria
Malaria as a Resurgent Disease
Cholera
Genetic Adaptation to Cholera: Cystic Fibrosis Alleles
Ecology of Cholera Resurgence
Dams and Infectious Disease
Onchocerciasis
Schistosomiasis
HIV/AIDS: A New Disease
How HIV Works
Cultural Responses to HIV
Origins of HIV
Tuberculosis: A Resurgent Disease
Biology and Pathogenicity of TB
TB as a Resurgent Disease
Conclusion
Stress, Social Inequality, and Race and Ethnicity: Implications for Health Disparities
Biology of the Stress Response
The Nervous System Stress Response
The Hormonal Stress Response
Why Is Stress Different for Humans?
Stress and Biological Normalcy
Stress and Health
Cardiovascular Disease
Immune Function
Immunosuppression
Autoimmunity
Child Growth
Inequality, Stress, and Health
Relative Status
Social Cohesion
Social Support
Race and Ethnicity and Health in the United States
Conclusion
Mental Health and Illness
The Medical Model in Biocultural Context
Culture-Bound Syndromes
Eating Disorders
ADHD and Culture
Mood Disorders
Depression
Bipolar Disorder and Creativity
Schizophrenia
Conclusion
Epilogue: The Relevance of Medical Anthropology
What Can I Do Next if I Am Interested in Medical Anthropology?
Graduate Programs in Anthropology
Public Health programs
Medical Schools and Clinical Health Professions
Work in Governmental and Nongovernmental Health Agencies
Glossary
References Cited
Index
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