Bioethics Principles, Issues, and Cases

ISBN-10: 0195182820
ISBN-13: 9780195182828
Edition: 2010
Authors: Lewis Vaughn
List price: $47.00
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Description: Vaughn offers a hybrid of text, readings and cases to provide a current, accessible introdution to the philosophical, medical, scientific, social and legal aspects of key bioethics issues. Topics covered include paternalism, patient autonomy, truth  More...

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Book details

List price: $47.00
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/26/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 800
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.574
Language: English

Vaughn offers a hybrid of text, readings and cases to provide a current, accessible introdution to the philosophical, medical, scientific, social and legal aspects of key bioethics issues. Topics covered include paternalism, patient autonomy, truth telling, informed consent, abortion, in vitro fertilisation, cloning, impaired infants, embryonic stem-cell dilemmas, genetic engineering, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, human and animal research, inequities in access to medicaltreatment, HIV/AIDS in Africa and health care costs.

Lewis Vaughn is an independent scholar and freelance writer living in Amherst, New York. He is the author of several leading textbooks, including Doing Ethics: Moral Reasoning and Contemporary Issues.

Preface
Principles and Theories
Moral Reasoning in Bioethics
Ethics and Bioethics
Ethics and the Moral Life
In Depth: Morality and the Law
Moral Principles in Bioethics
Autonomy
Beneficence
Utility
Justice
Ethical Relativism
In Depth: Anthropology and Moral Diversity
Ethics and Religion
Moral Arguments
Argument Fundamentals
Patterns of Moral Arguments
Review: Valid and Invalid Argument Forms
In Depth: Fallacies in Moral Reasoning
Evaluating Premises
Key Terms
Summary
Further Reading
Notes
Bioethics And Moral Theories
The Nature of Moral Theories
Influential Moral Theories
Utilitarianism
In Depth: Utilitarianism and the Golden Rule
Kantian Ethics
Natural Law Theory
Rawls' Contract Theory
Virtue Ethics
The Ethics of Care
In Depth: Can Virtue Be Taught?
Feminist Ethics
Criteria for Judging Moral Theories
Review: Evaluating Moral Theories: Criteria of Adequacy
Applying the Criteria
Utilitarianism
Kant's Theory
Key Terms
Summary
Further Reading
Notes
Physician and Patient
Paternalism And Patient Autonomy
Shades of Autonomy and Paternalism
Refusing Treatment
In Depth: The Hippocratic Oath
Futile Treatment
Legal Brief: Refusing Treatment for Children on Religious Grounds
In Depth: CPR and DNR
Applying Major Theories
Key Terms
Summary
Classic Case File: Elizabeth Bouvia
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
"Paternalism,"
"The Refutation of Medical Paternalism,"
"Why Doctors Should Intervene,"
"Autonomy, Futility, and the Limits of Medicine,"
"Whose Body Is It Anyway?"
Bouvia v. Superior Court, California Court of Appeal
"Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship," AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs
"Code of Ethics for Nurses," American Nurses Association
Truth-Telling And Confidentiality
Paternalism and Deception
In Depth: Do Patients Want the Truth? Do Physicians Tell It?
Confidential Truths
Legal Brief: Confidentiality and a Duty to Warn
Applying Major Theories
Classic Case File: Carols R.
Key Terms
Summary
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
"Telling the Truth to Patients: A Clinical Ethics Exploration,"
"On Telling Patients the Truth,"
"On a Supposed Right to Lie from Altruistic Motives,"
"Respect for Patients, Physicians, and the Truth,"
"Why Privacy Is Important,"
"Confidentiality in Medicine-A Decrepit Concept,"
Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California, Supreme Court of California
Informed Consent
Autonomy and Consent
Conditions of Informed Consent
In Depth: Two Views of Informed Consent
Legal Brief: Important Informed Consent Cases
Applying Major Theories
Key Terms
Summary
Classic Case File: Jerry Canterbury
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
"The Concept of Informed Consent,"
"Informed Consent-Must It Remain a Fairy Tale?"
"Transparency: Informed Consent in Primary Care,"
"Should Informed Consent Be Based on Rational Beliefs?"
"Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model,"
Canterbury v. Spence, United States Court of Appeals
Human Research
The Science of Clinical Trials
In Depth: The Tuskegee Tragedy
Beneficence, Science, and Placebos
Science and Informed Consent
In Depth: Women in Clinical Trials
Research on the Vulnerable
In Depth: Why Enter a Clinical Trial?
Applying Major Theories
Key Terms
Summary
Classic Case File: The UCLA Schizophrenia Study
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
The Nuremberg Code
Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, World Medical Association
"The Belmont Report," National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research
"Final Report: Human Radiation Experiments," Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments
"Of Mice but Not Men: Problems of the Randomized Clinical Trial,"
"A Response to a Purported Ethical Difficulty with Randomized Clinical Trials Involving Cancer Patients,"
"How to Resolve an Ethical Dilemma Concerning Randomized Clinical Trials,"
"Clinical Trials: Are They Ethical?"
"The Ethics of Clinical Research in the Third World,"
"Ethical Issues in Clinical Trials in Developing Countries,"
Life and Death
Abortion
Starting Point: The Basics
Fact File: U.S. Abortions
In Depth: Abortion and Public Opinion
The Legal Struggle
Persons and Rights
In Depth: Late-Term Abortion
Applying Major Theories
Key Terms
Summary
Classic Case File: Nancy Klein
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
"A Defense of Abortion,"
"Why Abortion Is Immoral,"
"On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion,"
"An Almost Absolute Value in History,"
"Abortion Decisions: Personal Morality,"
"Abortion and the Concept of a Person,"
"In Defense of Abortion and Infanticide,"
"Abortion Through a Feminist Ethic Lens,"
United States Supreme Court
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, United States Supreme Court
Reproductive Technology
In Vitro Fertilization
Fact File: Assisted Reproduction
Surrogacy
In Depth: IVF and Children's Future Children
Cloning
Legal Brief: Surrogacy Contracts and the Law
In Depth: Cloning Time Line
Applying Major Theories
Key Terms
Summary
Classic Case File: Baby M
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
"IVF: The Simple Case,"
"IVF and Women's Interests: An Analysis of Feminist Concerns,"
"Give Me Children or I Shall Die!" New Reproductive Technologies and Harm to Children,"
"Instruction on Respect for Human Life in Its Origin and on the Dignity of Procreation," Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
"Surrogate Mothering: Exploitation or Empowerment?"
"On 'Surrogacy,"
"The Wisdom of Repugnance,"
"Cloning Human Beings: An Assessment of the Ethical Issues Pro and Con,"
Opinion in the Matter of Baby M, New Jersey Supreme Court
Genetic Choices
Genes and Genomes
Genetic Testing
In Depth: Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Tests
Gene Therapy
Fact File: Genetic Tests
Stem Cells
In Depth: Recent Research in Gene Therapy
Applying Major Theories
Classic Case File: The Kingsburys
Key Terms
Summary
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
"Implications of Prenatal Diagnosis for the Human Right to Life,"
"Genetics and Reproductive Risk: Can Having Children Be Immoral?"
"The Morality of Screening for Disability,"
"Disowning Knowledge: Issues in Genetic Testing,"
"The Non-Identity Problem and Genetic Harms-the Case of Wrongful Handicaps,"
"Is Gene Therapy a Form of Eugenics?,"
"Genetic Enhancement,"
"Germ-Line Gene Therapy,"
"What Does 'Respect for Embryos' Mean in the Context of Stem Cell Research?"
"Declaration on the Production and the Scientific and Therapeutic Use of Human Embryonic Stem Cells," Pontifical Academy for Life
Euthanasia And Physician-Assisted Suicide
Deciding Life and Death
Legal Brief: Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Major Developments
In Depth: Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: What Doctors Think and Do
Autonomy, Mercy, and Harm
In Depth: Oregon's Death With Dignity Act
Applying Major Theories
In Depth: Physician-Assisted Suicide and Public Opinion
Key Terms
Summary
Classic Case File: Nancy Cruzan
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
"The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia,"
"Voluntary Active Euthanasia,"
"When Self-Determination Runs Amok,"
"When Abstract Moralizing Runs Amok,"
"Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Tragic View,"
"Active and Passive Euthanasia,"
"The Distinction Between Refusing Medical Treatment and Suicide," New York State Task Force on Life and the Law
"The Philosophers' Brief,"
Vacco v. Quill, United States Supreme Court
Washington v. Glucksberg, United States Supreme Court
Justice and Health Care
Dividing Up Health Care Resources
Health Care in Trouble
In Depth: Unequal Health Care for Minorities
Fact File: U.S. Health Care
Theories of Justice
A Right to Health Care
In Depth: Public Opinion: Obtaining Adequate Health Care
The Ethics of Rationing
Key Terms
Summary
Classic Case File: Christine deMeurers
Cases for Evaluation
Further Reading
Notes
Readings
"Is There a Right to Health Care and, if So, What Does It Encompass?"
"The Right to a Decent Minimum of Health Care,"
"Multiculturalism and Just Health Care: Taking Pluralism Seriously,"
"Rights to Health Care, Social Justice, and Fairness in Health Care Allocations: Frustrations in the Face of Finitude,"
"Rationing Fairly: Programmatic Considerations,"
"The Allocation of Exotic Medical Lifesaving Therapy,"
"QALYfying the Value of Life,"
Glossary
Index

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