Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers

ISBN-10: 0195134885
ISBN-13: 9780195134889
Edition: 2001
List price: $85.95
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Description: Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers represents a new approach to introductory ethics that is both practical and accessible. Classical virtue theory is employed to provide a time-tested, simple, and easily remembered basis for ethical  More...

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Book details

List price: $85.95
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/22/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers represents a new approach to introductory ethics that is both practical and accessible. Classical virtue theory is employed to provide a time-tested, simple, and easily remembered basis for ethical reasoning. The text is modularized for easy use in both stand-alone ethics courses and as self-contained units within engineering core courses. It is accompanied by an instructor's manual that includes a comprehensive set of sample lectures and course assignments, detailed homework solutions, and many helpful hints for teaching an ethics course. To ground the ethical analysis in practical reality, each chapter contains a real-life case together with several fictional cases. The fictional cases breathe renewed vigor into the study of ethics by employing a new learning device: the "ethical serial." Each fictional case can be understood individually, but the cases are also unified by use of a single set of college-aged characters whose personalities are developed throughout the book. These characters mimic real people far more closely than those in other texts and act in situations that are directly familiar to students. The book is composed of four units. The first two focus on ethical reasoning, outlining within the context of science and engineering the notions of character formation and intention central to virtue theory. To prepare students to handle complex ethical questions, these units extend virtue theory in a readily understandable way, accounting systematically for the consequences that follow an ethical decision. The second two units focus on practical issues such as intellectual property, conflict of interest, whistle blowing, and authorship in scientific publication. These units also treat more advanced topics like risk, resource allocation, conflicting ethical methods, and intuition in ethical decision making.

Edmund Seebauer is currently Head of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Since 1987 he has been the Chair or co-Chair of numerous sessions on surface chemisty, materials chemistry and microelectronics fabrication for national meetings of AIChE, AVS and MRS.Meredith Kratzer is working towards a PhD in Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She received her B.S. (cum laude) in Chemical Engineering from Cornell University.

Preface
Foundational Principles
Approaching The Subject of Ethics
An Example
The Importance of Ethics in Science and Engineering
Managing Ethical Discussion
Philosophy, Religion, and Ethics
The Existence of Right and Wrong
Principle: Certain aspects of right and wrong exist objectively, independent of culture or personal opinion
The Subject of Moral Analysis
The Role of Codes of Ethics
A Real-life Case: Destruction of the Spaceship Challengerr
The Person and the Virtues
Developing a Model for the Person
Components of the Psyche
Limitations of the Model
Habits and Morals
The Four Main Virtues
Principle: People should always decide and act according to the virtues insofar as possible
An Example
A Real-life Case; Toxic Waste at Love Canal
Analyzing Exterior Acts: Some First Steps
Ethics as a Craft
Distinguishing Exterior and Interior Morality
Beginning Case Analysis
Event Trees
A Real-life Case: Dow Corning Corp. and Breast Implants
Analyzing Interior Intentions: Some First Steps
Describing Intention
The Importance of Intention
Effort and the Virtues
Principle: People should try insofar as possible to continue to progress in the moral life
The Role of Benevolence
A Real-life Case: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
Summary
Some Words of Caution
Note
Resolving Ethical Conflicts
Toward a Hierarchy of Moral Values
On Selecting Principles and Methods
Hierarchies of Values: Moral and Nonmoral
Line-drawing
An Example
Mathematical Analogies
Ranking the Virtues
A Real-life Case: Scientific Tests Using Animals
Starting Moral Judgments: Evaluating Exterior Acts
A Mathematical Analogy
An Example
A Real-life Case: Chemical Disaster at Bhopal
Completing Moral Judgments: The Decisive Role of Intention
Evaluating Interior Goodness
An Example
Balancing Evaluations of Interior and Exterior Goodness
The "Solomon Problem"
Principle: The obligation to avoid what is bad outweighs the obligation to do what is good
Cooperating in the Evil of Others
A Real-life Case: The Problem of Performance Evaluation--Grade Inflation
Moral Responsibility
Factors Limiting Moral Responsibility
Degrees of Responsibility
An Example
The "Sainthood" and "Devil" Problems
A Real-life Case: Responsibility in Software Engineering
Summary
Some Words of Caution
Justice: Applications
Truth: Person-to-Person
Truth in Actions
Truth in Words
Harm from Deception
Harm from Withholding Truth
Whistleblowing
Harm from Spreading Truth
Privacy
A Real-lfe Case: Censorship of the Internet
Truth: Social
Distinctions between Science and Engineering
Approach to Knowledge in Science
Recognition from Scientific Publication
Black and Gray in Scientific Practice
Approach to Knowledge in Technology
Intellectual Property
A Real-life Case: Copying Music Illegally Using the Internet
Fairness: Person-to-Person
Conflict of Interest
Qualitative versus Quantitative Fairness
Credit or Blame in Team Projects/br$$$>

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