Moral Life An Introduction Reader in Ethics and Literature

ISBN-10: 0195128443
ISBN-13: 9780195128444
Edition: 1999
Authors: Louis P. Pojman
List price: $52.95
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Description: Literature often deals with moral issues. It focuses on human dilemmas and awakens our imagination to new possibilities. It compels us to rethink and revise our everyday assumptions, enabling us to consider ethical questions in creative ways. The  More...

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Book details

List price: $52.95
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/19/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 960
Size: 8.00" wide x 5.50" long x 1.40" tall
Weight: 1.760
Language: English

Literature often deals with moral issues. It focuses on human dilemmas and awakens our imagination to new possibilities. It compels us to rethink and revise our everyday assumptions, enabling us to consider ethical questions in creative ways. The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature brings together an extensive and varied collection of 87 classical and contemporary readings on ethical theory and practice. The book is divided into four sections covering the nature of morality, moral theories, moral issues, and applied ethics. Integrating literature with philosophy in an innovative way, editor Louis Pojman uses literary works to enliven and make concrete the ethical theory or applied issues addressed in each chapter. Literary works by Hugo, Hawthorne, Melville, Tolstoy, Ibsen, Huxley, Orwell, Camus, LeGuin, Styron, and many others lead students into philosophical concepts and issues such as relativism, utilitarianism, virtue ethics, the meaning of life, freedom, sex, love and marriage, and environmental ethics. Once introduced, these topics are developed further through readings by philosophers including Aristotle, Sartre, Bernard Williams, Jane English, and Thomas E. Hill, Jr. This unique anthology emphasizes the personal dimension of ethics, which is often ignored or minimized in ethics texts. Featuring insightful part and chapter introductions as well as biographical sketches, abstracts, and study questions for each reading selection, The Moral Life is ideal for introductory ethics courses. It also provides an engaging gateway into personal and social ethics for the general reader.

Louis P. Pojman (1935-2005) was Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the United States Military Academy and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge University. He received an M.A. and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Rockefeller Fellow at Hamburg University. He received his D.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University in 1997.His first position was at the University of Notre Dame, after which he taught at the University of Texas at Dallas. Later, at the University of Mississippi, he served for three years as Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion. In 1995, he became Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He most recently was Visiting Professor at Brigham Young University in Utah and Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall, Oxford University. Pojman won several research and teaching awards, including the Burlington Northern Award for Outstanding Teaching and Scholarship (1988) and the Outstanding Scholar/Teacher in the Humanities at the University of Mississippi (1994). He wrote in the areas of philosophy of religion, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy and authored or edited more than 30 books and 100 articles. Pojman passed away in 2005.

The Nature of Moality: Good and Evil
Introduction
What is the Purpose of Morality
The Lord of the Flies: A Moral Allegory
On The Nature and Purpose of Morality: Reflections on William
Golding''s The Lord of the Flies
On the State of Nature
Further Readings
Good and Evil
Introduction
Billy Budd
Why Is There Evil?
Sophie''s Choice
From Cruelty to Goodness
Wickedness
Beyond Good and Evil
On the Origin of Good and Evil
Further Readings
Is Everything Relative?
Introduction
Custom is King
The Case for Moral Relativism
The Case Against Moral Ralativism
Judge Not?
The Enemy of the People
Further Readings
Moral Theories and Moral Character
Introduction
Utilitarianism
Introduction
Seaman Holmes and the Longboat of William Brown
Classical Utilitarianism
A Defense of Utilitarianism
Against Utilitarianism
The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas
Utilitarian Social Engineer and the Savage (from Brave New World)
Further Readings
Deontological Ethics
Introduction
On Duty
The Moral Law
Intuitionism
The Golden Rule
A Critique of the Golden Rule
A Horseman in the Sky
The Evil of Lying
Moral Luck
Further Readings
Virtue Ethics
Introduction
The Bishop and the Candlesticks
Virtue Ethics
Virtue and the Moral Life
The Great Stone Face
A Critique of Virtue-Based Ethical Systems
The Conscience of Huckelberry Finn
Further Readings
Virtues and Vices
Introduction
Sermon on the Mount and the Good Samaritan
How Much Land Does a Man Need? The Vice of Greed
Jealously, Malice and Ingratitude
Moral Cowardice
Three Days to See: Gratitude
Courage and Endurance
The Story of David and Bathseba: Lust
Where Love is, There is God
Reflectings on Suffering
The Volunteer at Auschwitz: Altruism
Further Readings
Moral Issues
Introduction
Ethics and Egoism: Why Should I Be Moral?
Introduction
The Ring of Gyges
In Defense of Ethical Egoism
Egoism, Self-Interest and Altruism
Further Readings
Does Life Have Meaning?
Introduction
Epicurus: Hedonism
Epictetus and Others: The Stoic Catechism: Moral Duty Alone Gives Life Meaning
Life is Absurd
Religion Gives Meaning to Life
Reflections on Auschwitz: The Human Search for Meaning
Siddhartha Guatama, the Buddha: The Four Noble Truths
The Experience Machine
Further Readings
Freedom, Autonomy, and Self-Respect
Introduction
I Have a Dream
An Experiment in Autonomy
Existentialism is a Humanism
Servility and Self-Respect
Further Readings
Applied Ethics
Introduction
Sex, Love and Marriage
Introduction
Pansexuality
On Sexuality
The Vatican Declaration on Sexual Ethics
Sexual Intercourse Between Consenting Adults Is Always
Permissible
Sexual Intercourse Should Be Confined to Marriage
Is Homosexuality Unnatural?
Monogamy: A Critique
Marriage, Love and Procreation: A Critique of McMurty
What''s Wrong With Adultery?Hugh La Follette: Licensing Parents
Further Readings
Is Abortion Really Permissible?
Introduction
Abortion Is Not Morally Permissible
Abortion Is Morally Permissible
The Moderate Position: Beyond the Personhood Argument
Further Readings
Substance Abuse: Drugs and Alcohol
Introduction
On Liberty
Drugs Should Be Legalized
William Be

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