Oxford History of the Prison The Practice of Punishment in Western Society

ISBN-10: 0195118146
ISBN-13: 9780195118148
Edition: 1998
List price: $24.99 Buy it from $14.40
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Description: The word "prison" immediately evokes stark images: forbidding walls spiked with watchtowers; inmates confined to cramped cells for hours on end; the suspicious eyes of armed guards. They seem to be the inevitable and permanent marks of confinement,  More...

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Book details

List price: $24.99
Copyright year: 1998
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/18/1997
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 448
Size: 9.02" wide x 6.10" long x 1.30" tall
Weight: 1.078
Language: English

The word "prison" immediately evokes stark images: forbidding walls spiked with watchtowers; inmates confined to cramped cells for hours on end; the suspicious eyes of armed guards. They seem to be the inevitable and permanent marks of confinement, as though prisons were a timeless institution stretching from medieval stone dungeons to the current era of steel boxes. But centuries of development and debate lie behind the prison as we now know it--a rich history that reveals how our ideas of crime and practices of punishment have changed over time. In The Oxford History of the Prison, a team of distinguished scholars offers a vivid account of the rise and development of this critical institution. Penalties other than incarceration were once much more common, from such bizarre death sentences as the Roman practice of drowning convicts in sacks filled with animals to a frequent reliance on the scaffold and on to forms of public shaming (such as the classic stocks of colonial America). The first decades of the nineteenth century saw the rise of the full-blown prison system--and along with it, the idea of prison reform. Alexis de Tocqueville originally came to America to write a report on its widely acclaimed prison system. The authors trace the persistent tension between the desire to punish and the hope for rehabilitation, recounting the institution's evolution from the rowdy and squalid English jails of the 1700s, in which prisoners and visitors ate and drank together; to the sober and stark nineteenth-century penitentiaries, whose inmates were forbidden to speak or even to see one another; and finally to the "big houses" of the current American prison system, in which prisoners are as overwhelmed by intense boredom as by the threat of violence. The text also provides a gripping and personal look at the social world of prisoners and their keepers over the centuries. In addition, thematic chapters explore in-depth a variety of special institutions and other important aspects of prison history, including the jail, the reform school, the women's prison, political imprisonment, and prison and literature. Fascinating, provocative, and authoritative, The Oxford History of the Prison offers a deep, informed perspective on the rise and development of one of the central features of modern society--capturing the debates that rage from generation to generation on the proper response to crime.

Introduction
Prisons in History
Prison Before the Prison: The Ancient and Medieval Worlds
Acknowledgments
Bibliographic Note
the Body and the State: Early Modern Europe
Acknowledgments
Bibliographic Note
the Well-Ordered Prison: England, 1780-1865
Bibliographic Note
Acknowledgments
Perfecting the Prison: United States, 1789-1865
Bibliographic Note
the Victorian Prison: England, 1865-1965
Bibliographic Note
the Failure of Reform: United States, 1865-1965
Acknowledgments
Bibliographic Note
the Prison on the Continent: Europe, 1865-1965
Bibliographic Note
the Contemporary Prison: 1965-Present
Bibliographic Note
Themes and Variations
the Australian Experience: The Convict Colony
Bibliographic Note
Local Justice: The Jail
Bibliographic Note
Wayward Sisters: The Prison for Women
Bibliographic Note
Delinquent Children: The Juvenile Reform School
Bibliographic Note
Confining Dissent: The Political Prison
Bibliographic Note
The Literature of Confinement
Works Cited
Acknowledgments
Contributors
Index

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