African-American Art

ISBN-10: 0192842137
ISBN-13: 9780192842138
Edition: 1998
Authors: Sharon F. Patton
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Description: African-American art has made an increasingly vital contribution to the art of the United States from the time of its origins in early-eighteenth-century slave communities. Folk and decorative arts such as ceramics, furniture, and quilts are  More...

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Book details

List price: $29.95
Copyright year: 1998
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/25/1998
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 320
Size: 7.44" wide x 9.69" long x 0.71" tall
Weight: 1.672

African-American art has made an increasingly vital contribution to the art of the United States from the time of its origins in early-eighteenth-century slave communities. Folk and decorative arts such as ceramics, furniture, and quilts are discussed alongside fine art -- sculpture, painting, and photography -- produced by African Americans, both enslaved and free, throughout the nineteenth century. Twentieth-century developments are given full coverage, particularly the New Negro Movement of the 1920s, the Era of Civil Rights and Black Nationalism through the 1960s and 1970s, and the emergence of new black artists and theorists in the 1980s and 1990s. New evidence has provided an exciting myriad of perspectives about African-American art, confirming that it represents the culture and society from which it emerges. Professor Patton explores significant issues such as the relationship of art and politics, the influence of galleries and museums, the growth of black universities, critical theory, the impact of artists'' collectives, and the assortment of art practices since the 1960s. African-American Art shows that in its cultural diversity and synthesis of cultures it mirrors those in American society as a whole. `African-American Art should be read by teachers, students, and writers, and on the shelves of every library. Professor Patton begins this impressive book with the slave ships that brought Africans to this country and gives evidence of the fine metalworking, carving, carpentry, basketry, weaving, and clay building skills passed from Africa through the works of valued but nameless slave-artisans. She tells how we learned accidentally about a few named artists like the slave, Scipio Moorhead, who in 1773 engraved the only surviving image of poet, Phyllis Wheatley. She describes the portraitists, furniture makers and highly skilled artisans. Sharon Patton follows a path leading from great African formal styles, which, mixed with the powerful expressive force of struggle and opposition, led to distinctive new ideasfrom the quilts of Harriet Powers in the late 1800s to the paintings of Jean Michel Basquiat in the 1980s. She helps the reader to think and search for the evidence of the art-making skills that not only survived the Middle Passage, but the many erasings of the auction block and racism''s lack, little and denial. In a fine survey of contemporary African-American art and ideascomplete with words from the artists themselvesPatton takes us first through its foundations and the through the movements, people and ideas that surrounded and generated this art. An art historian, curator, and scholar, Patton has produced a volume which, like no other, can be used both as an unusual reference book and a good read on an important part of American art. The illustrations are a special treat.'' Emma Amos, Artist Professor of Art, Rutgers University `For a long period of time there has been an acknowledged need for a comprehensive text that integrates the full range of African American artistry, the building crafts, slave craftsmanship, the decorative and the fine arts tradition into one scholarly document. Professor Patton has brought those elements of history into her text that are often omitted in the available texts on the subject of African-American art and much of what she has written is primary information not previously recorded outside the context of social history. The cultural context in which Professor Patton has written accounts of the artistry of African-American artists and craftsmen from the period of American slavery to the present is illuminating, analytically sound, and well documented. She has brought to the attention of the reader a number of topics such as ''Art Institutions and the Artist''s Groups'' that have not been thoroughly discussed in previous texts on the subject. A subject such as ''The Plantation House'', the place where many decorative arts originated in the slave society is a welcomed addition to Pro

Introduction
Colonial America and the Young Republic 1700-1820
Introduction
The fight for independence 1775-83
Africa, North America and African-American culture
Plantations
Architecture and the plantation layout
Slave houses
The revival of African culture on the plantations
Life on the plantations
New European-Ameriacn influences
A planter's house in Louisiana
Plantation slave artists and craftsmen
Textiles and patchwork quilts
Folk art
Pottery
Urban slave and free artists and craftsmen
Furniture
Silversmiths
Fine artists
Nineteenth-Century America, the Civil War and Reconstruction
Introduction
The anti-slavery movement
Free black and slave artisans
Fine artists
Architecture, the decorative arts, and folk art
Urban and rural architecture
Furniture
Metalwork and woodcarving
Pottery
Quilts
Fine arts: Painting, sculpture, and graphic arts
Exhibitions and the viewing public
Abolitionist patronage
Graphic arts
Landscape painting
Neoclassical sculpture
Genre and biblical painting
Twentieth-Century America and Modern Art 1900-60
Introduction
Civil rights and double-consciousness
The development of a modern American art
African-American culture, the New Negro and art in the 1920s
The Great Migration
The Jazz Age
Expatriates and Paris, the Negro Colony
The New Negro movement
Photography
The New Negro artist
Graphic art
Painting
The patronage of the New Negro artist
State funding and the rise of African-American art
The Federal Arts Project
The legacy of the New Negro movement
Negritude and figurative sculpture
Folk art
American Scene painting
African-American murals
WPA workshops and community art centres
Social realism
Abstract art and modernism in New York
Abstract figurative painting
Patronage and critical debate
American culture post World War II
Folk art
Painting: Expressionism and Surrealism
Abstract Expressionism and African-American art
Primitivism
Early Abstract Expressionism: Bearden, Woodruff, and Alston
Abstract Expressionism
Second generation of Abstract Expressionists 1955-61
Twentieth-Century America: The Evolution of Black Aesthetci
Introduction
Civil rights and black nationalism
Cultural crisis: Black artist or American artist?
Spiral artists' group 1963-6
Painting
The evolution of a modern black aesthetic
Defining black art
Painting
Sculpture
Art institutions and artists' groups
Mainstream art institutions
Black art aesthetcis
Black art and black power
Black artsists' groups
Towards a new abstraction
Are you black enough?
Painting
Sculpture
The postmodern condition 1980-93
Painting
Video art
Sculpture
Photography
Conclusion
Notes
Llist of Illustrations
Bibliographic Essay
Timeline
Index

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