Theories of Personality Understanding Persons

ISBN-10: 0132434091
ISBN-13: 9780132434096
Edition: 5th 2008
Authors: Susan Cloninger
List price: $181.40
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Description: Designed to prepare readers to apply theories of personality to understanding particular individuals who they may encounter in professional work and in their personal lives, this engaging volume provides an overview of major classic and current  More...

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Book details

List price: $181.40
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 6/5/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 600
Size: 7.75" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.992
Language: English

Designed to prepare readers to apply theories of personality to understanding particular individuals who they may encounter in professional work and in their personal lives, this engaging volume provides an overview of major classic and current theories of personality, together with clear explanation of the latest research. It brings the theories to life through the interpretation of illustrative historic and current biographies.This book covers the important theories in personality researchpsychoanalysis, individual psychology, personological trait theory, psychoanalytic learning theory, behaviorism, cognitive social learning theoryas well as the people that pioneered those theoriesFreud, Adler, Allport, Skinner, Staats, Dollard, Miller, Mischel, and Bandura.For anyone who wants a better handle on understanding the people in their professional and personal lives.

Preface
Introduction to Personality Theory
Personality: The Study of Individuals
Description of Personality
Personality Dynamics
Personality Development
The Scientific Approach
Methods in Personality Research
One Theory or Many? Eclecticism and the Future of Personality Theory
Summary
Thinking about Personality Theory
Study Questions
The Psychoanalytic Perspective
Freud: Classical Psychoanalysis
Preview: Overview of Freud's Theory
The Unconscious
Structures of the Personality
Intrapsychic Conflict
Personality Development
Psychoanalytic Treatment
Psychoanalysis as a Scientific Theory
Summary
Thinking about Freud's Theory
Study Questions
Jung: Analytical Psychology
Preview: Overview of Jung's Theory
The Structure of Personality
Symbolism and the Collective Unconscious
Therapy
Synchronicity
Psychological Types
Summary
Thinking about Jung's Theory
Study Questions
The Psychoanalytic-Social Perspective
Adler: Individual Psychology
Preview: Overview of Adler's Theory
Striving from Inferiority toward Superiority
The Unity of Personality
The Development of Personality
Psychological Health
Interventions Based on Adler's Theory
Summary
Thinking about Adler's Theory
Study Questions
Erikson: Psychosocial Development
Preview: Overview of Erikson's Theory
The Epigenetic Principle
The Psychosocial Stages
The Role of Culture in Relation to the Psychosocial Stages
Racial and Ethnic Identity
Gender
Research on Development through the Psychosocial Stages
Toward a Psychoanalytic Social Psychology
Summary
Thinking about Erikson's Theory
Study Questions
Horney and Relational Theory: Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory
Preview: Overview of Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory
Interpersonal Psychoanalysis: Horney
Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility
Three Interpersonal Orientations
Major Adjustments to Basic Anxiety
Secondary Adjustment Techniques
Cultural Determinants of Development
Therapy
Parental Behavior and Personality Development
The Relational Approach within Psychoanalytic Theory
The Sense of Self in Relationships
Narcissism
Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood
Parenting
Therapy
Summary
Thinking about Horney's Theory and the Relational Approach
Study Questions
The Trait Perspective
Allport: Personological Trait Theory
Preview: Overview of Allport's Theory
Major Themes in Allport's Work
Allport's Definition of Personality
Personality Traits
Personality Development
Influence of Personality on Social Phenomena
Eclecticism
Summary
Thinking about Allport's Theory
Study Questions
Cattell's 16 Factors and the Big Five: Factor Analytic Trait Theories
Preview: Overview of Factor Analytic Trait Theories
Factor Analysis
The 16 Factor Theory: Cattell
Personality Measurement and the Prediction of Behavior
Because Personality Is Complex: A Multivariate Approach
Psychological Adjustment
Three Types of Traits
Predicting Behavior
Determinants of Personality: Heredity and Environment
The Role of Theory in Cattell's Empirical Approach
The Five-Factor Theory: McCrae and Costa
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism
Conscientiousness
Openness
More about These Five Factors
Summary
Thinking about Factor Analytic Trait Theories
Study Questions
Evolution and Temperament: Biological Theories
Preview: Overview of Biological Theories
Evolutionary Approaches
Emotions
Altruism
Sexual Behavior
Parental Behavior
Aggression and Dominance
Culture
Language and Thought
Genetics and Personality
Temperament
Biological Contributors to Personality
The Brain
Emotional Arousal
Cortical Arousal
Biological Factor Theories: Eysenck, Gray, and Others
Eysenck's "PEN" Biological Model
Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory
Cloninger's Tridimensional Model
Biological Mechanisms in Context
Summary
Thinking about Biological Personality Theories
Study Questions
The Learning Perspective
Skinner and Staats: The Challenge of Behaviorism
Preview: Overview of Skinner's and Staats's Theories
Radical Behaviorism: Skinner
Behavior as the Data for Scientific Study
Learning Principles
Schedules of Reinforcement
Applications of Behavioral Techniques
Radical Behaviorism and Personality Theory: Some Concerns
Psychological Behaviorism: Staats
Reinforcement
Basic Behavioral Repertoires
Situations
Psychological Adjustment
The Nature-Nurture Question from the Perspective of Psychological Behaviorism
Personality Assessment from a Behavioral Perspective
The Act Frequency Approach to Personality Measurement
Contributions of Behaviorism to Personality Theory and Measurement
Summary
Thinking about Skinner's Theory
Thinking about Staats's Theory
Study Questions
Dollard and Miller: Psychoanalytic Learning Theory
Preview: Overview of Dollard and Miller's Theory
Four Fundamental Concepts about Learning
The Learning Process
Learning by Imitation
The Four Critical Training Periods of Childhood
Conflict
Frustration and Aggression
Language
Neurosis
Psychotherapy
Suppression
Psychoanalytic Learning Theory Reconsidered
Summary
Thinking about Dollard and Miller's Theory
Study Questions
The Cognitive Social Learning Perspective
Mischel and Bandura: Cognitive Social Learning Theory
Preview: Overview of Mischel's and Bandura's Theories
Traits in Cognitive Social Learning Theory: Mischel
The Trait Controversy: Mischel's Challenge
Cognitive Person Variables
Delay of Gratification
Performance in Cognitive Social Learning Theory: Bandura
Reciprocal Determinism
Self-Regulation of Behavior: The Self-System
Self-Efficacy
Processes Influencing Learning
Observational Learning and Modeling
Therapy
The Person in the Social Environment
Summary
Thinking about Mischel's and Bandura's Theories
Study Questions
Kelly: Personal Construct Theory
Preview: Overview of Kelly's Theory
Constructive Alternativism
The Process of Construing
The Structure of Construct Systems
The Social Embeddedness of Construing Efforts
The Role Construct Repertory (REP) Test
Cognitive Complexity
Personality Change
Therapy
Research Findings
Constructivism, Social Constructionism, and Postmodernism
Summary
Thinking about Kelly's Theory
Study Questions
The Humanistic Perspective
Rogers: Person-Centered Theory
Preview: Overview of Rogers's Theory
The Actualizing Tendency
The Self
Development
Therapy
Other Applications
Criticisms of Rogers's Theory
Summary
Thinking about Rogers's Theory
Study Questions
Maslow: Need Hierarchy Theory
Preview: Overview of Maslow's Theory
Need Hierarchy Theory: Maslow
Maslow's Vision of Psychology
Hierarchy of Needs
Self-Actualization
Applications and Implications of Maslow's Theory
Maslow's Challenge to Traditional Science
Other Growth Themes in Psychological Theory
Self-Determination Theory and Intrinsic Motivation
Positive Psychology
Summary
Thinking about Maslow's Theory
Study Questions
Buddhist Psychology: Lessons from Eastern Culture
Preview: Overview of Buddhist Psychology
The Relevance of Buddhism for Personality Psychology
A Brief History of Buddhism
The Buddhist Worldview: The Four Noble Truths
Buddhism and Personality Concepts
Spiritual Practices
Buddhism and Psychotherapy
The Importance of the Dialogue, and Some Cautions
Summary
Thinking about Buddhist Psychology
Study Questions
Conclusion
Contributions of the Theories to Various Topics
Choosing or Combining Theories
Theories as Metaphors
What Lies Ahead?
Summary
Thinking about Personality Theory
Study Questions
Glossary
References
Photo Credits
Author Index
Subject Index

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