Chemistry for Changing Times

ISBN-10: 0132280841
ISBN-13: 9780132280846
Edition: 11th 2007 (Revised)
List price: $140.20 Buy it from $3.26
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Description: This popular book is a useful and interesting read for the layperson, as it is colorful, conversational in tone, and easily understandable. Knowledge of chemistry leads to better understanding about the hazards and benefits of this world, enabling  More...

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Book details

List price: $140.20
Edition: 11th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 7/5/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 744
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 4.224
Language: English

This popular book is a useful and interesting read for the layperson, as it is colorful, conversational in tone, and easily understandable. Knowledge of chemistry leads to better understanding about the hazards and benefits of this world, enabling better personal decision-making. Explores the concept of green chemistry throughout. Extensively revises key subject areas such as Energy, Fitness and Health, and Drugs. Features new color photographs and diagrams throughout to help readers visualize chemical phenomena. Personalizes chemistry for todays reader, encouraging a focus on evaluating information about real-life issues rather than memorizing rigorous theory and mathematics. For anyone interested in learning about chemistry and its effect upon our everyday lives.

Preface
To the Student
Highlights of the Eleventh Edition
Student Media Resources
Instructor Media Resources
Chemistry: A Science for All Seasons
Science and Technology: The Roots of Knowledge
The Baconian Dream and the Carsonian Nightmare
Science: Testable, Reproducible, Explanatory, Predictive, and Tentative
The Limitations of Science
Science and Technology: Risks and Benefits
Chemistry: Its Central Role
Solving Society's Problems: Scientific Research
Chemistry: A Study of Matter and Its Changes
Classification of Matter
The Measurement of Matter
Density
Energy: Heat and Temperature
Critical Thinking
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Atoms: Are They for Real?
Atoms: The Greek Idea
Lavoisier: The Law of Conservation of Mass
Proust: The Law of Definite Proportions
John Dalton and the Atomic Theory of Matter
Out of Chaos: The Periodic Table
Atoms: Real and Relevant
Leucippus Revisited: Molecules
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Atomic Structure: Images of the Invisible
Electricity and the Atom
Serendipity in Science: X-Rays and Radioactivity
Three Types of Radioactivity
Rutherford's Experiment: The Nuclear Model of the Atom
The Atomic Nucleus
Electron Arrangement: The Bohr Model
Electron Arrangement: The Quantum Model
Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table
Which Model to Choose?
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Nuclear Chemistry: The Heart of Matter
Natural Radioactivity
Nuclear Equations
Half-Life
Radioisotopic Dating
Artificial Transmutation
Uses of Radioisotopes
Nuclear Medicine
Penetrating Power of Radiation
Energy from the Nucleus
The Building of the Bomb
Radioactive Fallout
Nuclear Power Plants
Thermonuclear Reactions
The Nuclear Age
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Chemical Bonds: The Ties That Bind
The Art of Deduction: Stable Electron Configurations
Lewis (Electron-Dot) Symbols
Sodium Reacts with Chlorine: Facts
Sodium Reacts with Chlorine: The Theory
Using Lewis Symbols: More Ionic Compounds
Formulas and Names of Binary Ionic Compounds
Covalent Bonds: Shared Electron Pairs
Unequal Sharing: Polar Covalent Bonds
Polyatomic Molecules: Water, Ammonia, and Methane
Polyatomic Ions
Rules for Writing Lewis Formulas
Odd-Electron Molecules: Free Radicals
Molecular Shapes: The VSEPR Theory
Shapes and Properties: Polar and Nonpolar Molecules
Intermolecular Forces and the States of Matter
A Chemical Vocabulary
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Chemical Accounting: Mass and Volume Relationships
Chemical Sentences: Equations
Volume Relationships in Chemical Equations
Avogadro's Number: 6.02 x 10[superscript 23]
The Mole: "A Dozen Eggs and a Mole of Sugar, Please"
Mole and Mass Relationships in Chemical Equations
The Gas Laws
Solutions
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Acids and Bases: Please Pass the Protons
Acids and Bases: Experimental Definitions
Acids, Bases, and Salts
Acidic and Basic Anhydrides
Strong and Weak Acids and Bases
Neutralization
The pH Scale
Acid Rain
Antacids: A Basic Remedy
Acids and Bases in Industry and in Us
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Oxidation and Reduction: Burn and Unburn
Oxidation and Reduction: Three Views
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Electrochemistry: Cells and Batteries
Corrosion
Explosive Reactions
Oxygen: An Abundant and Essential Oxidizing Agent
Other Common Oxidizing Agents
Some Reducing Agents of Interest
A Closer Look at Hydrogen
Oxidation, Reduction, and Living Things
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Organic Chemistry: The Infinite Variety of Carbon Compounds
The Unique Carbon Atom
Alkanes
Cyclic Hydrocarbons: Rings and Things
Unsaturated and Hydrocarbons: Alkenes and Alkynes
Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Benzene and Relatives
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons: Many Uses, Some Hazards
The Functional Group
The Alcohol Family
Phenols
Ethers
Aldehydes and Ketones
Carboxylic Acids
Esters: The Sweet Smell of RCOOR'
Amines and Amides
Heterocyclic Compounds: Alkaloids and Others
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Polymers: Giants Among Molecules
Polymerization: Making Big Ones Out of Little Ones
Natural Polymers
Celluloid: Billiard Balls and Collars
Polyethylene: From the Battle of Britain to Bread Bags
Addition Polymerization: One + One + One + ... Gives ONE!
Rubber and Other Elastomers
Condensation Polymers: Splitting Out Water
Properties of Polymers
Disposal of Plastics
Plastics and Fire Hazards
Plasticizers and Pollution
Plastics and the Future
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Chemistry of Earth: Metals and Minerals
Spaceship Earth: The Materials Manifest
The Lithosphere: Organic and Inorganic
Meeting Our Needs: From Sticks to Bricks
Silicates and the Shapes of Things
Modified Silicates: Ceramics, Glass, and Cement
Metals and Ores
Running Out of Everything: Earth's Dwindling Resources
Land Pollution: Solid Wastes
The Three R's of Garbage: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
How Crowded Is Our Spaceship?
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Air: The Breath of Life
Earth's Atmosphere: Divisions and Composition
Chemistry of the Atmosphere
Temperature Inversion
Natural Pollution
The Air Our Ancestors Breathed
Pollution Goes Global
Coal + Fire to Industrial Smog
Automobile Emissions
Photochemical Smog: Making Haze While the Sun Shines
Acid Rain: Air Pollution to Water Pollution
The Inside Story: Indoor Air Pollution
Ozone: The Double-Edged Sword
Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effect
The Ultimate Pollutant: Heat
Who Pollutes? How Much?
Paying the Price
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Water: Rivers of Life; Seas of Sorrows
Water: Some Unique Properties
Water, Water, Everywhere
The Water Cycle and Natural Contaminants
Chemical and Biological Contamination
An Example of Industrial Pollution: Building a Car
Groundwater Contamination to Tainted Tap Water
Making Water Fit to Drink
Water Treatment Plants
From Wastewater to Drinking Water
The Newest Soft Drink: Bottled Water
Alternative Sewage Treatment Systems
We're the Solution to Water Pollution
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Energy: A Fuels Paradise
Heavenly Sunlight Flooding Earth with Energy
Energy and Chemical Reactions
Energy and the First Law: Energy Is Conserved
Energy and the Second Law: Things Are Going to Get Worse
People Power: Early Uses of Energy
Reserves and Consumption Rates of Fossil Fuels
Coal: The Carbon Rock of Ages
Natural Gas: Mostly Methane
Petroleum: Liquid Hydrocarbons
Convenient Energy: Electricity
Nuclear Fission
Nuclear Fusion: The Sun in a Magnetic Bottle
Harnessing the Sun: Solar Energy
Biomass: Photosynthesis for Fuel
Hydrogen: Light and Powerful
Other Renewable Energy Sources
Energy: How Much Is Too Much?
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Biochemistry: A Molecular View of Life
The Cell
Energy in Biological Systems
Carbohydrates: A Storehouse of Energy
Fats and Other Lipids
Proteins: Polymers of Amino Acids
The Peptide Bond: Peptides and Proteins
Structure of Proteins
Enzymes: Exquisite Precision Machines
Nucleic Acids: Parts and Structure
DNA: Self-Replication
RNA: Protein Synthesis and the Genetic Code
The Human Genome
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Food: Molecular Gastronomy
Carbohydrates in the Diet
Fats and Cholesterol
Proteins: Muscle and Much More
Minerals: Important Inorganic Chemicals and Life
The Vitamins: Vital, But Not All Are Amines
Other Essentials: Fiber and Water
Starvation and Fasting
Additives to Enhance Our Food
Poisons in Our Food
A World Without Food Additives
Green Plants: Sun-Powered Food-Making Machines
Farming with Chemicals: Fertilizers
The War Against Pests
Biological Insect Controls
Herbicides and Defoliants
Sustainable Agriculture
Some Malthusian Mathematics
Can We Feed a Hungry World?
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Household Chemicals: Helps and Hazards
A History of Cleaning
Fat + Lye to Soap
Synthetic Detergents
Laundry Detergent Formulations
Dishwashing Detergents
Fabric Softeners: Quaternary Ammonium Salts
Laundry Bleaches: Whiter Whites
All-Purpose Cleaning Products
Special-Purpose Cleaners
Organic Solvents in the Home
Paints
Waxes
Cosmetics: Personal Care Chemicals
Toothpaste: Soap with Grit and Flavor
Perfumes, Colognes, and Aftershaves
Some Hairy Chemistry
The Well-Informed Consumer
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Fitness and Health: Some Chemical Connections
Calories: Quantity and Quality
Vitamins and Minerals
Body Fluids and Electrolytes
Weight-Loss Diets
Exercise for Weight Loss
Measuring Fitness
Some Chemistry of Muscles
Drugs and the Athlete
Exercise and the Brain
No Smoking
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Drugs: Chemical Cures, Comforts, and Cautions
Scientific Drug Design
Pain Relievers: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS)
Chemistry, Allergies, and the Common Cold
Antibacterial Drugs
Viruses and Antiviral Drugs
Chemicals Against Cancer
Hormones: The Regulators
Chemistry and Social Revolution: The Pill
Drugs for the Heart
Drugs and the Mind
Some Chemistry of the Nervous System
Brain Amines: Depression and Mania
Anesthetics
Depressant Drugs
Narcotics
Antianxiety Agents
Stimulant Drugs
Psychedelic Drugs
Drug Problems
The Placebo Effect
New Uses for Old Drugs
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Poisons: Chemical Toxicology
Natural Poisons
Corrosive Poisons: A Closer Look
Poisons Affecting Oxygen Transport and Oxidative Processes
Make Your Own Poison: Fluoroacetic Acid
Heavy Metal Poisons
More Chemistry of the Nervous System
The Lethal Dose
The Liver as a Detox Facility
Chemical Carcinogens: Slow Poisons
Three Ways to Test for Carcinogens
Birth Defects: Teratogens
Hazardous Wastes
What Price Poisons?
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Additional Problems
Collaborative Group Projects
References and Readings
Green Chemistry
Review of Measurement and Mathematics
Glossary
Answers
Photo Credits
Index

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