Criminalistics An Introduction to Forensic Science

ISBN-10: 0132216558
ISBN-13: 9780132216555
Edition: 9th 2007 (Revised)
List price: $134.20 Buy it from $4.02 Rent it from $22.59
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Description: Written by a very well-known authority in forensic science, this book introduces the non-scientific reader to the field of forensic science. Through applications to criminal investigations, clear explanations of the techniques, and the abilities and  More...

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Book details

List price: $134.20
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 6/23/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 672
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.652
Language: English

Written by a very well-known authority in forensic science, this book introduces the non-scientific reader to the field of forensic science. Through applications to criminal investigations, clear explanations of the techniques, and the abilities and limitations of modern crime labs, "Criminalistics "covers the comprehensive realm of forensics. The book strives to make the technology of the modern crime laboratory clear to the non-scientist. Combining case stories with applicable technology, "Criminalistics "captures the excitement of forensic science investigations. Familiarizes readers with the most current technologies in forensic analysis. An interactive crime scene CD-ROM packaged free with the book. Covers DNA profiling technologies such as STR and mitochondrial DNA, DNA typing. Introduces the latest digital technologies and their applications to fingerprint development, document examination, and bullet identification. Discussions of common items of physical evidence encountered at crime scenes including how to properly collect & preserve them. KEY Aims at making the subject of forensic science comprehensible to a wide variety of readers who are planning on being aligned with the forensic science profession.

Preface
About the Author
Introduction
Definition and Scope of Forensic Science
History and Development of Forensic Science
Organization of a Crime Laboratory
Services of the Crime Laboratory
Functions of the Forensic Scientist
Other Forensic Science Services
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Case Study: Detection of Curare in the Jascalevich Murder Trial
The Crime Scene
Processing the Crime Scene
Legal Considerations at the Crime Scene
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Case Study: The Enrique Camarena Case: A Forensic Nightmare
Physical Evidence
Common Types of Physical Evidence
The Significance of Physical Evidence
Forensic Databases
Crime Scene Reconstruction
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Case Study: Fiber Evidence and the Wayne William Trial
Physical Properties: Glass and Soil
The Metric System
Physical Properties
Comparing Glass Fragments
Glass Fractures
Collection and Preservation of Glass Evidence
Forensic Characteristics of Soil
Collection and Preservation of Soil Evidence
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Organic Analysis
Elements and Compounds
Selecting an Analytical Technique
Chromatography
Spectrophotometry
Mass Spectrometry
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Inorganic Analysis
Evidence in the Assassination of President Kennedy
The Emission Spectrum of Elements
Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer
The Origin of Emission and Absorption Spectra
Neutron Activation Analysis
X-Ray Diffraction
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
The Microscope
The Compound Microscope
The Comparison Microscope
The Stereoscopic Microscope
The Polarizing Microscope
The Microspectrophotometer
The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Case Study: Microscopic Trace Evidence-The Overlooked Clue
Hairs, Fibers, and Paint
Morphology of Hair
Identification and Comparison of Hair
Collection and Preservation of Hair Evidence
Types of Fibers
Identification and Comparison of Manufactured Fibers
Collection and Preservation of Fiber Evidence
Forensic Examination of Paint
Collection and Preservation of Paint Evidence
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Drugs
Drug Dependence
Narcotic Drugs
Hallucinogens
Depressants
Stimulants
Club Drugs
Anabolic Steroids
Drug-Control Laws
Drug Identification
Collection and Preservation of Drug Evidence
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Forensic Toxicology
Toxicology of Alcohol
The Role of the Toxicologist
Techniques Used in Toxicology
The Significance of Toxicological Findings
The Drug Recognition Expert
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Forensic Aspects of Arson and Explosion Investigations
The Chemistry of Fire
Searching the Fire Scene
Collection and Preservation of Arson Evidence
Analysis of Flammable Residues
Types of Explosives
Collection and Analysis of Explosives
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Forensic Serology
The Nature of Blood
Immunoassay Techniques
Forensic Characterization of Bloodstains
Stain Patterns of Blood
Principles of Heredity
Forensic Characterization of Semen
Collection of Rape Evidence
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
DNA: The Indispensable Forensic Science Tool
What Is DNA?
DNA at Work
Replication of DNA
Recombinant DNA: Cutting and Splicing DNA
DNA Typing
Mitochondrial DNA
The Combined DNA Index System (CODIS)
Collection and Preservation of Biological Evidence for DNA Analysis
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Case Study: The Forensic Community's Response to September 11
Fingerprints
History of Fingerprinting
Fundamental Principles of Fingerprints
Classification of Fingerprints
Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems
Methods of Detecting Fingerprints
Preservation of Developed Prints
Digital Imaging for Fingerprint Enhancement
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Firearms, Tool Marks, and Other Impressions
Bullet Comparisons
Cartridge Cases
Automated Firearms Search Systems
Gunpowder Residues
Primer Residues on the Hands
Serial Number Restoration
Collection and Preservation of Firearms Evidence
Tool Marks
Other Impressions
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Document and Voice Examination
Handwriting Comparisons
Collection of Handwriting Exemplars
Typescript Comparisons
Photocopier, Printer, and Fax Examination
Alterations, Erasures, and Obliterations
Other Document Problems
Voice Examination
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Computer Forensics
From Input to Output: How Does the Computer Work?
Putting It All Together
How Data Is Stored
Processing the Electronic Crime Scene
Evidentiary Data
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
Computer Forensic Analysis Answers the Question "Arson or Accident?"
Counterfeiting and Fraud: A Forensic Computer Investigation
Forensic Science and the Internet
What Is the Internet?
Where to Go on the Internet
Exploring Forensic Science on the World Wide Web
Websites You May Wish to Explore
Forensic Analysis of Internet Data
Forensic Investigation of Internet Communications
Hacking
Chapter Summary
Review Questions
Further References
The Future
Case Readings
Appendixes
Guides to the Collection of Physical Evidence-FBI
Instructions for Collecting Gunshot Residue (GSR)
Chromatographic and Spectrophotometric Parameters for Figures Contained in the Text
Chemical Formulas for Latent Fingerprint Development
Chemical Formulas for Development of Footwear Impressions in Blood
Answers
Index
Photo Credits

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