Archaeology A Brief Introduction

ISBN-10: 0131928112

ISBN-13: 9780131928114

Edition: 9th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Brian M. Fagan
List price: $74.40
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Description: For introductory level courses in Archaeology and as a supplement for courses in Physical Anthropology where the instructor would like to integrate archaeology. This introduction to the fundamental principles of method and theory in archaeology, is the only book that also exposesnbsp;students to archaeology as a career.The booknbsp;begins with the goals of archaeology, then goes on to consider the basic concepts of culture, time, and space, and the finding and excavation of archaeological sites.

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Book details

List price: $74.40
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 400
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Preface
Author's Note
About the Author
Fossils, Cities, and Civilizations: The Birth of a Science
What Is Archaeology?
The Beginnings of Archaeology
The Discovery of the Ancient Civilizations
Early American Archaeology
Diversity, Diffusion, and Human Progress
The Development of Modern Scientific Archaeology
"From Them to Us": Contemporary Archaeological Theory
Summary
Introducing Archaeology and Prehistory
The Tourist, the Collector, and the Archaeologist
Who Needs and Owns the Past?
What Do Archaeologists Do?
Many Sites, Many Archaeologists
Why Is Archaeology Important?
The Prehistory of Humankind According to Archaeologists
Summary
Culture and Context
Human Culture
Cultural Systems
Culture Change
The Goals of Archaeology
The Archaeological Record
Context
Summary
Space and Time
Space
Time
Relative Chronology
Absolute (Chronometric) Chronology
Summary
Finding Archaeological Sites
The Process of Archaeological Research
Accidental Discovery
Archaeological Survey
Sampling and Archaeological Survey
Remote Sensing
Assessing Archaeological Sites
Subsurface Detection Systems
Summary
Excavation
Planned Excavation: Research Design
Types of Excavation
Digging, Tools, People
Recording
Stratigraphic Observation
Excavation Problems
Reburial and Repatriation
Summary
Classification and Technology
Back from the Field
Classification and Taxonomy
Typology
Archaeological Types
What Do Assemblages and Artifact Patternings Mean?
Units of Ordering
Ancient Technologies
Summary
The Present and the Past
The Archaeological Record Again
Site-formation Processes
Preservation
Middle-Range Theory and the Archaeological Record
The Living Past
Ethnographic Analogy
Living Archaeology (Ethnoarchaeology)
Experimental Archaeology
Summary
Ancient Climate and Environment
Short- and Long-term Climatic Change
Long-term Climate Change: The Great Ice Age
Pollen Analysis
Short-term Climatic Change: The Holocene
Short-term Climatic Change: El Nino
Summary
Come Tell Me How You Lived
Evidence for Subsistence
Ancient Diet
Animal Bones
Plant Remains
Birds, Fish, and Mollusks
Rock Art
Summary
Settlement and Trade
Settlement Patterns
Population
Trade and Exchange
Summary
The Archaeology of People
Individuals
Groups
Gender
Wider Society: Prestate and State Societies
Religious Beliefs
Summary
Explaining the Past
Interpretation of Culture History
Ecological/Environmental (Processual) Archaeology
Historical Materialist Approaches
Cognitive-Processual Archaeology
A Glance at the Future
Summary
Archaeology and You
Archaeology as a Profession
Academic Qualifications and Graduate School
Thoughts on Not Becoming a Professional Archaeologist
Our Responsibilities to the Past
A Simple Code of Archaeological Ethics for All
Summary
Sites and Cultures Mentioned in the Text
Guide to Further Reading
Glossary of Technical Terms
References
Illustration Credits
Index
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