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Choice and Change The Psychology of Personal Growth and Interpersonal Relationships

ISBN-10: 0131891707
ISBN-13: 9780131891708
Edition: 7th 2005
List price: $196.00 Buy it from $14.94
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Description: A balanced and thought-provoking introduction to psychological theory, research, and applications to everyday life. Coverage includes the psychology of health, interpersonal communication, and levels of consciousness. The tone is readable and often  More...

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Book details

List price: $196.00
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 7/16/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 408
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.650
Language: English

A balanced and thought-provoking introduction to psychological theory, research, and applications to everyday life. Coverage includes the psychology of health, interpersonal communication, and levels of consciousness. The tone is readable and often humorous, with "scenario boxes" of simulated classroom discussions and actual responses by seven culturally diverse real-life students. This sixth edition contains new scenario boxes offering perspectives of a multiracial Hawaiian, a refugee, and a single Caucasian male. There is an increased focus on the uplifting aspects of human nature in this edition. The authors are affiliated with NOVA Southeastern University, Santa Fe Community College, and the Gestalt Institute. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

Preface
The Psychology of the Self: Self-Concept, Self-Esteem, Self-Actualizing
How We Cope With Life Events Depends on Our Personality Style
Personality Includes Every Dimension of Human Experience
Two Core Dimensions of Personality: Self-Concept and Self-Esteem
Self-Concept: How We Think of Ourselves
Self-Esteem: How We Feel about Ourselves
Sometimes Our Self-Concept and Our Self-Esteem Can Be Diametrically Oppossed
Rituals and Rites of Passage Enhance Our Self-Concept
Locus of Control: Internal and External
The Scientific Study of Highly Integrated, Creative, and Self-Actualizing Persons
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Toward Your Own Self-Actualizing: An Always New, and Never-Ending Process
Studying Human Personality via the Case Study Method
End-of-Chapter Aids
Social Psychology: And the Frontiers of Transpersonal Positive, and Peace Psychologies
The Discipline of Social Psychology: Society, Group Membership, and the Individual
Our Cultural Groups Shape Our Attitudes
Adorno's Study of the Authoritarian Personality
Solomon Asch's Studies of Conformity
Milgram's Experiments in Obedience
Zimbardo's Prison Experiment
What Makes Decent Human Beings Make Morally Wrong Choices? Some Theories and Explanations
Carl Jung: Deindividuation
When Will People Help? The Bystander Effect
Diffusion of Responsibility
Attribution Bias Theory
Festinger's Dissonance Theory
A Shifting Focus: Transpersonal, Positive, and Peace Psychologies
Ten Characteristics of Transcending Personalities
End-of-Chapter Aids
Personality Theory: Emotional/Social Influences Throughout the Life Span
Sigmund Freud: Revealing the "Darker Side of Human Nature"
Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development: Five Stages of the Libidinal Drive
But What Happens When Normal Psychosexual Development Goes Awry? Fixations and Neuroses
Alfred Adler: The Individuality of Our Life Styles and the Striving for Competence and Power
The Inferiority-Superiority Complex
Gemeinschaftsgefuhl: The Development of Character
Birth Order
Carl Jung's Four-Stage Transpersonal Model of Existence
Daniel Levinson and the Seasons of Our Lives: Validating Jung
The Universality of the Midlife Crisis
But As Well, There Are Major Transitions at the End of Every Decade
Erik Erikson's Eight-Stage Psychosocial Theory of Personality
End-of-Chapter Aids
Cognitive and Moral Development: How We Become Thinking Adults and Moral/Ethical People
Jean Piaget: The Pioneer of Cognitive Development
Piaget's Qualitative Four-Stage Model of Cognitive (Thinking) Development
Piaget's Theory of Moral/Ethical Development: A Two-Stage Theory
Hartshorne and May: Morality Is a Developmental Process ... and Situational
Lawrence Kohlberg: Fine-Tuning Piaget's Model for Moral/Ethical Development
Kohlberg's Model of Moral/Ethical Development: Three Levels, Six Stages
Post-Piaget and Kohlberg: More Research Developments (and Controversies) about Moral/Ethical Development
Can Young Children Empathize? It Looks Like They Can
Carol Gilligan's Care-Orientation: Gender Differences in Moral Development
Universal Principles of Abstract Justice versus Care and Concern for Others
Social or Observational Learning: What We Witness We Imitate
What Can We Do Now to Foster Care-Orientation in Our Children?
End-of-Chapter Aids
Conditioning and Learning: How We Have Been Conditioned and How We Can Use Conditioning to Build Constructuve Habits
Classical Conditioning and the Science of Learning
Ivan Pavlov: A Dog Is Conditioned to Salivate to a Bell
John Watson Applies Conditioning to a Human Baby
The Russians and Ferdinand Lamaze Adapt Classical Conditioning for More Natural and Gentle Birthing
B.F. Skinner's Operant Conditioning: We Also Learn Through Our Own Exploratory Behaviors
A Typical Operant Conditioning Experiment
Behavior Modification: Reinforcing the Desirable Behaviors through Environmental Engineering
The Many Applications of Behavior Modification
Using the Facts of Learning and Conditioning to Develop Better Study Habits
End-of-Chapter Aids
Anxiety and the Defense Mechanisms: Causes, Complications, and Coping Strategies
Symptoms of Anxiety: Their Many Shapes and Forms
Defense Mechanisms Protect Us from the Pain of Anxiety ... But Are Also Barriers to Our Further Growth
The Etiology of Anxiety: Genetics and Environment
The Genetics of Personality
Environmental Influences Before and During Birth
Otto Rank: The Birth Trauma
Ronald Laing: Rebirthing Therapy
William James' "Twice Born" and the "Born Again" Experience
Frederick Leboyer's Gentle Birth
Environmental Determinants as We Grow
The DSM-IV Seven-Level Hierarchy of Defense Mechanisms
Level of Defensive Dysregulation: Breaking with Reality
Level of Action: Aggressing Toward Others or Self
Physical Aggression
Verbal Aggression
Passive Aggression
Help-Rejecting Complaining
Apathetic Withdrawal
Level of Major Image Distorting
Projective Identification
Splitting
Autistic Fantasy
Level of Disavowel: Preventing Self-Awareness of Painful Events
Denial
Rationalization
(Simple) Projection
Level of Minor Image-Distortion: Salvaging Self-Esteem by Assigning Unrealistic Attributes to Self and Others
Omnipotence
Devaluation
Idealization
Level of Mental Inhibition: Repressing Unwanted Thoughts and Feelings
Displacement
Intellectualization
Isolation of Affect
Dissociation
Reaction Formation
Undoing
Level of High Adaptation: The Most Adaptive (Constructive) Types of Defensive Responding
Self-Observation
Suppression
Affiliation
Altruism
Humor
Sublimation
Anticipation
Self-Assertion
End-of-Chapter Aids
The Psychology of Health: The Holistic Approach to MindBodySpirit Well-Being
A Brief History of Disease Theory
The Germ Theory and Its Limitations
Charcot's Demonstration of Hypnotism: Physical Symptoms Can Have Psychological Etiology
Sigmund Freud: Conversion Hysteria
The Era of Psychosomatic Medicine
Even the "Common Cold?"
Heart Disease and the Type-A Personality
Cancer: Genetic and Environmental Factors
Reacting to the Stress of Life: Investigating the Physiology of the Mindbody Connection
The Fight-Flight-Freeze Response: Emergency Reactions to Perceived Threat
The General Adaptation Syndrome (G.A.S.): The Effects of Ongoing Stress
Voodoo Death: Can Fear Itself Be a Factor in Disease and Death?
Too Many Life Changes--Even "Happy" Changes--Can Affect Our Health
The Placebo Effect and Its Applications
The Personality Style of Psychophysically Hardy People
Psychoneuroimmunology: An Interdisciplinary Science of Health and Disease
Psychoneuroimmunology: Antigens versus Antibodies
The Holistic Approach to Psychophysical Health
The Therapeutic Value of Humor
Carl Simonton: The First Step Toward Self-Healing May Be to Discover the Meaning of Our Ill-Health
Toward a Definition of Health: Harmony of BodyMindSpirit
End-of-Chapter Aids
The Psychotherapies: Many Types, Many Applications
The Need to Be Therapy Literate
The Insight Therapies
Freud and the Psychoanalytic Approach
Carl Rogers and the Client-Centered Counseling Approach
Frederick Perls' Gestalt Therapy
Group Insight Therapies
Transactional Analysis
Peer-Support Groups: No One Understands Like Someone Who's Been Through It!
The Behavior Therapies: Insight Isn't Necessary--Just Change the Behavior
Skinner's Behavior Modification
Joseph Wolpe's Systematic Densensitization
Biofeedback Training
The Cognitive Therapies: Combining Insight and Behavior Therapy and Changing Our Whole Belief System
Albert Ellis' Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET): "Get Rid of Your Irrational Beliefs; They're Driving You Crazy!
Beck's Cognitive Therapy
Albert Bandura's Social Learning Theory and Guided Mastery Technique
Three New Thrusts in Cognitive Therapy
Ritual in Therapeutic Healing
The Use of Humor
Stress Inoculation: Focus on Prevention
End-of-Chapter Aids
Abnormal Psychology: Trying to Function in Dysfunctional Ways
Why Study Dysfunctional (Abnormal) Psychology?
DSM-IV: A "Common Language" for All the Mental Health Professions
The Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Specific Phobic Disorders: Often Age-Related
Panic Attack Disorder
Acute Stress Disorders, Including Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
The Mood Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder
Dysthymic (Minor) Mood Disorder
Bipolar Mood Disorder (Formerly Called Manic-Depressive Psychosis)
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
The Schizophrenias
Positive Symptoms
Negative Symptoms
Etiology and Treatment
The Dissociative Disorders
Dissociative Amnesia and Fugue
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID): (Formerly Multiple Personality Disorder)
Etiology and Treatment
The Personality Disorders: Let the Reader Take Warning!
Paranoid Personality Disorder: Cluster A
Histrionic Personality Disorder: Cluster B
Borderline Personality Disorder: Cluster B
Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Cluster B
Antisocial Personality Disorder: Cluster B
Dependent Personality Disorder: Cluster C
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Cluser C
End-of-Chapter Aids
Interpersonal Communication: Creating Harmonious and Enduring Relationships at Home, at Work, and at Leisure
The Gift of Language
People Skills: Essential for Success in Our Life-Careers
People Skills and Your Personality "Type"
The Most Important of the People Skills: The Art of Listening
Hearing versus Listening
Carl Rogers: Reflective Listening
Your Personality Type and Ability to Listen and Reflect Feelings
Gordon Thomas: Active Listening
Making Friends: The Paralanguage of Timing, Rhythm, and Space
Personality "Type" and Friendship Needs
Proxemics: Interpersonal Distance
Self-Disclose S-l-o-w-l-y
The Paralanguage of Building and Maintaining Relationships
When Problems Arise: Setting the Environmental Stage for Conflict Resolution
Speaking: A People Skill for Career Success
Douglas Macgregor: Theory X and Theory Y (and now Theory Z)
Adopting a Facilitative Management Speaking Style
End-of-Chapter Aids
Marriage and Families: Learning to Live with Other People
Introduction: Despite the High Rate of Divorce, We Still Believe in Love and Marriage
So What Is Going Wrong? Great Expectations, Great Disappointments
From Marriage Past: Left-Over Obsolete Traditions and Beliefs about Marriage and the Family
The Evolution of a New Breed of People: The American Family
Marriage Present: The Exhausted Nuclear Family
Role Overload of Today's Exhausted Parents
The Stresses and Strains of Modern Parenting
Domestic Violence
Marriage Now and for the Future: Rebuilding the American Family Based on Community Once Again
What Is a Community-Based Family? Supportive Relationships Built on Faith, Hope, and Love
Coming from Two Different Cultures, Men and Women Develop Different Communication Styles
Building Community with a Mutually Supportive Communication Style
If a Quarrel Does Break Out, We Can Quarrel Intelligently and Constructively
Intimacy: The Keystone of a Community-Based Family Once Again
Ten Guidelines for Creating and Maintaining Intimacy Among Members of a Family
When Divorce Is Inevitable
When Custody Is Shared, a Divorce Is Never Final
The Effects of Divorce on Children
Problems of the Custodial Parent
Problems of the Noncustodial Parent
Alternatives to Divorce Court Battles: Mediation, Prenuptial, and Living Together Contracts
Reintegrating Oneself Into Society
Where Is Marriage Going? Trends and Possibilities Suggested by Demographic Statistics
End-of-Chapter Aids
Parenting: Families Growing Together
The Child's Personality Style: A Mix of Many Factors
Many Influences on the Child's Development Are Not Under Parental Control
Parenting Begins Before Birth! Even Before Conception
Ensuring a Healthy Environment for the Unborn Child
The Unwanted Child and Later Lack of Self-Esteem
Parenting Infants
Thomas, Chess, and Birch: The Easy Child, the Slow-to-Warm Child, and the Difficult Child
Play as Preparation for Life
Play as Therapy
Art Play as Diagnosis
Helping Children Cope with Their Fears
Children's Literature: Understanding the Children's Phenomenology
Parenting the Child for School Readiness
Parenting Styles: Authoritarian, Permissive, and Authoritative
Psychological Androgeny: A Larger Worldview and Expanded Capabilities
Raising Emotionally Intelligent Children
What Is Emotional Intelligence (EQ)?
Finally, What Can We Do About Child Abuse?
End-of-Chapter Aids
The Agonizing Journey Through Adolescence: The Need for More Understanding of the Adolescent Changes
The Troubled Adolescent: More Frightened and Insecure Than Adults Realize
Under a Calm Exterior: Anxieties, Fears, Emotional Mood Swings
The Problems of the Adolescent Girl
The Problems of the Adolescent Male
The Former Enemy Have Become Objects of Desire and He Has No Idea How to Make an Approach to Them
Homosexual Adolescents: High Risk for Suicide
What Parents are Concerned About
Personality Changes in the Adolescent: Have We Created a "Monster"?
The Dating Game: From the High School Crowd to Pairing Off and the Dangers of Intimacy
The Darker Side of Adolescent Sexuality
Rape: The Reported Figures Are Rising
Sexually-Transmitted Diseases (STD)
Early- and Late-Maturing Adolescents: A Surprising Reversal of Self-Esteem
The Advantages of Early Maturation
The Disadvantages of Late Maturation
So Where Is the Happy Ending?
Theory of Adolescent Development: Some Discoveries About the Adolescent Brain
The Traditional Theory of Adolescent Brain Development
The Teenage Brain: Also Undergoing Sweeping Pubertal Changes
The Primitive Emotions of the Midbrain Versus the More Intelligent Reactions of the Neocortex
What Can We Do to Foster Emotional Intelligence in Our Adolescents?
Lawrence Kohlberg: They Need Experience in Making Moral/Ethical Judgments
Replacing Rules and Restrictions with Guidelines and Principles
End-of-Chapter Aids
The Many Levels of Consciousness: Dreaming, Daydreaming, Hypnosis, Prayer and Meditation, and Creativity
Defining the Many Levels of Consciousness
The Altered State of Dreaming
A Brief History of Dreams and Dreaming
Dreams in Ancient Times
Freud: Deams as Catharsis and Wish-Fulfillment
The Jungian Approach: Dreams as Inspiration, Creativity, and Prediction
Joseph Campbell: The Hero Archetype with a Thousand Faces
Stephen LaBerge: Lucid Dreaming
Daydreaming
Hypnosis
Peak Experiences, Meditation, and Meditational Prayer
Drug-Induced ASCs
End-of-Chapter Aids
Building a Life-Career: Your Educational, Vocational, and Personal Future
Work as Essential for Our National and Personal Well-Being
If You Don't Know What You Want to Do When You "Grow Up," Take Heart!
Seven Qualities Organizations Are Looking for in Employees
Six Strategies for Landing Your First Real Job!
Ten Principles for Success in Your Job: Applying All the Principles of Psychology You Have Been Learning
Coming Full Circle: Applying the Principles of Effective Professioanl Management to Your Home Management
Treat your Family Microeconomics as You Would Your Departmental Budget
When Conflicts Arise, Apply the Principles of Conflict Resolution
Sharing Problems and Anxieties with Other Family Members
Reprise: Using Our Business People Skills to Build a Community-Based Family
End-of-Chapter Aids
Glossary
References
Index

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